cyclospora and cyclosporiasis

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Cyclospora and Cyclosporiasis
Author : Long-Xiang Zhang,Rong-Jun Wang,Guang-Hui Zhao,Jun-Qiang Li
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-04-30
ISBN 10 : 0128216220
Pages : 176 pages

Cyclospora cayetanensis is a microscopic parasite that can be transmitted via food or water sources and causes intestinal disease (Cyclosporiasis) in humans. Cyclospora and Cyclosporiasis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Detection, and Control reviews 22 species of Cyclospora and discusses C. cayetanensis infection in humans. This book offers comprehensive coverage that includes taxonomy and biology, molecular characteristics, and transmission of the parasite. It also provides researchers, clinicians, public health officials, and food safety officials with basic data for the epidemiology of the Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis, as well as strategies to monitor large-scale outbreaks of Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis. The book further covers clinical symptoms, diagnostic methods, and means of treatment and prevention of this disease and informs readers of the hazards of the parasite, common means of transmission, and self-protection measures. Provides the taxonomy of 22 species of Cyclospora (including two newly identified Cyclospora species) Covers the scenarios and characteristics of recent epidemics in the world, susceptible populations, and the risk factors in the transmission of the C. cayetanensis Summarizes recent developments in detection methods of Cyclospora spp. or C. cayetanensis in humans, animals, and the environment

Cyclospora cayetanensis as a Foodborne Pathogen
Author : Ynés R. Ortega,Lucy J. Robertson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-04-18
ISBN 10 : 3319535870
Pages : 65 pages

This Brief provides a comprehensive overview of Cyclospora cayetanensis, a protozoan apicomplexan parasite that leads to outbreaks of traveler's diarrhea in consumers. The main characteristics of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection are covered, including documented outbreaks, regional patterns and statistics. Various transmission routes for this parasite are outlined, with a focus on foodborne transmission. A major focus of Cyclospora Cayetanensis As A Foodborne Pathogen is the detection of Cyclospora cayetanensis in different food matrices. Decontamination procedures for the occurrence of this parasite in all major food types are outlined in detail, as well as current risk assessment procedures and regulations. The difficulty in minimizing the risk of infection in fresh produce is covered, plus potential solutions for this problem. This Brief not only comprehensively covers the current state of foodborne Cyclospora cayetanensis but also looks to future challenges in the detection, prevention and removal of this parasite in foods.

CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel
Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2017-04-17
ISBN 10 : 0190628634
Pages : 672 pages

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: · Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities · Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees · Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers · Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.

Foodborne Parasites
Author : Ynes R. Ortega
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-11-22
ISBN 10 : 0387311971
Pages : 284 pages

This book examines the two major parasite groups that are transmitted via water or foods: the single-celled protozoa, and the helminths: cestodes (tapeworms), nematodes (round worms), and trematodes (flukes). Each chapter covers the biology, mechanisms of pathogenesis, epidemiology, treatment, and inactivation of these parasites. This important new text offers a better understanding of the biology and control of parasitic infections necessary to reduce or eliminate future outbreaks in the U.S. and elsewhere.

Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2006-09-18
ISBN 10 : 9780309180139
Pages : 304 pages

In December 2004, at a press conference called to announce his departure as Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson raised both concern and controversy when he remarked that he could not understand why the terrorists had not yet attacked our food supply "because it is so easy to do." Although to date the United States has been spared such a disaster, the many documented examples of unintentional outbreaks of foodborne disease-some of which have sickened hundreds of thousands of people, and killed hundreds-provide a grim basis for estimating the impact of deliberate food adulteration. Due to the wide variety of potential chemical and biological agents that could be introduced at many vulnerable points along the food supply continuum, contaminating food is considered an especially simple, yet effective, means to threaten large populations. To explore the nature and extent of such threats, possibilities for reducing their impact, and obstacles to this goal, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened the workshop Foodborne Threats to Health: The Policies and Practice of Surveillance, Prevention, Outbreak Investigations, and International Coordination on October 25 and 26, 2005. Workshop participants discussed the threat spectrum and burden of disease associated with foodborne illness and the role that increasing globalization of food production and distribution plays in the transmission of foodborne disease. Participants also reviewed existing research, policies, and practices concerning foodborne threats in order to identify unmet needs, challenges, and opportunities for improving food safety systems, surveillance, and emergency response. Although this workshop summary provides an account of the individual presentations, it also reflects an important aspect of the Forum philosophy. The workshop functions as a dialogue among representatives from different sectors and presents their beliefs on which areas may merit further attention. However, the reader should be aware that the material presented here expresses the views and opinions of the individuals participating in the workshop and not the deliberations of a formally constituted IOM study committee. These proceedings summarize only what participants stated in the workshop and are not intended to be an exhaustive exploration of the subject matter or a representation of consensus evaluation.

Global HIV/AIDS Medicine
Author : Paul Volberding
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 141602882X
Pages : 830 pages

HIV/AIDS management poses many different challenges around the world, and the therapies available in the West are often not economically feasible in developing countries. This new book is the first to address the myriad of clinical difficulties faced by health practitioners worldwide in managing HIV/AIDS. Edited by the same authorities responsible for the highly respected reference "The Medical Management of AIDS," with Associate Editors that include the President of the International AIDS Society and a preeminent opinion leader in the fight against AIDS in Africa, and authored by a "who's who" of current global experts on HIV and AIDS medicine, this visionary text presents all the practical, indispensable information that clinicians everywhere need to offer their patients the best possible care. Access reliable, up-to-the-minute guidance that addresses the realities of HIV/AIDS management in your geographical region, thanks to contributions from a global cast of renowned expert clinicians and researchers. Locate the clinically actionable information you need quickly with an organization that mirrors the current state of the AIDS epidemic and the different needs of Western vs. developing-world patients and clinicians. Diagnose AIDS manifestations confidently by comparing them to full-color clinical images. Review essential data quickly through numerous at-a-glance tables.

Waterborne Pathogens
Author : Helen Bridle
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-07-13
ISBN 10 : 0444595465
Pages : 416 pages

This book gives an overview of advanced emerging technologies for the detection of a range of waterborne pathogens. The book will present existing methodology and highlight where improvements can be made, as well as have a strong focus on applications and the ways in which new technology could be applied in water management. Additionally, it addresses issues of sample preparation (from sampling to concentration and enrichment), a key stage in any detection protocol. Covers the gap of specific sound methods of pathogen detection by fulfulling the need for a concept book on the novel technologies for pathogen detection in water Presents all cutting-edge technologies for pathogen detection in water as well as recent emerging technologies Addresses all three types of pathogens; this combined knowledge helps to understand all potential pathogens in water

Microbial Food Safety
Author : Charlene Wolf-Hall,William Nganje
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2017-03-17
ISBN 10 : 1780644809
Pages : 198 pages

This interdisciplinary textbook provides the reader with vital information and comprehensive coverage of foodborne microbial pathogens of potential risk to human consumers. It includes human pathogens and toxins originating from plants, fungi and animal products and considers their origin, risk, prevention and control. From the perspectives of microorganisms and humans, the authors incorporate concepts from the social and economic sciences as well as microbiology, providing synergies to learn about complex food systems as a whole, and each stage that can present an opportunity to reduce risk of microbial contamination. Microbial Food Safety: A Food Systems Approach explains concepts through a food supply network model to show the interactions between how humans move food through the global food system and the impacts on microorganisms and risk levels of microbial food safety. Written by authors renowned in the field and with extensive teaching experience, this book is essential reading for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students of food microbiology, food safety and food science, in addition to professionals working in these areas.

Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases
Author : Steven L. Percival,Marylynn V. Yates,David Williams,Rachel Chalmers,Nicholas Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-11-08
ISBN 10 : 0124159761
Pages : 696 pages

The second edition of Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. The book is divided into sections covering bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Other sections detail methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, and the ways in which they are removed from water, including chlorine, ozone, and ultraviolet disinfection. The second edition of this handbook has been updated with information on biofilms and antimicrobial resistance. The impact of global warming and climate change phenomena on waterborne illnesses are also discussed. This book serves as an indispensable reference for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, research water pollution microbiologists environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control and microbial water pollution students. Focuses on the microorganisms of most significance to public health, including E. coli, cryptosporidium, and enterovirus Highlights the basic microbiology, clinical features, survival in the environment, and gives a risk assessment for each pathogen Contains new material on antimicrobial resistance and biofilms Covers drinking water and both marine and freshwater recreational bathing waters

Manual of Clinical Microbiology
Author : James Versalovic
Publisher : American Society for Microbiology Press
Release Date : 2011-05-16
ISBN 10 : 1555814638
Pages : 2630 pages

The most authoritative, comprehensive reference in the field. • Sets the standard for state-of-the-science laboratory practice. • A collaborative effort of 22 editors and more than 260 authors from around the world, all experienced researchers and practitioners in medical and diagnostic microbiology. • Includes 149 chapters of the latest research findings, infectious agents, methods, practices, and safety guidelines. • Indispensable to clinical microbiologists, laboratory technologists, and infectious disease specialists in hospitals, clinics, reference laboratories, and more

Cryptosporidiosis of Man and Animals
Author : J. P. Dubey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-18
ISBN 10 : 1351088165
Pages : 209 pages

This book attempts to provide a broad coverage of current information needed by public health workers, physicians, veterinarians, parasitologists, technicians, and various biologists who encounter or work with the parasitic disease Cryptosporidium.

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology
Author : Duncan Mara,Nigel J. Horan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-08-07
ISBN 10 : 9780080478197
Pages : 832 pages

"Access to safe water is a fundamental human need and therefore a basic human right" --Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General Edited by two world-renowned scientists in the field, The Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology provides a definitive and comprehensive coverage of water and wastewater microbiology. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book gives a global perspective on the important issues faced in the provision of safe drinking water, the problems of dealing with aquatic pollution and the processes involved in wastewater management. Starting with an introductory chapter of basic microbiological principles, The Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology develops these principles further, ensuring that this is the essential text for process engineers with little microbiological experience and specialist microbiologists alike. Comprehensive selection of reviews dealing with drinking water and aquatic pollution Provides an understading of basic microbiology and how it is applied to engineering process solutions Suitable for all levels of knowledge in microbiology -from those with no background to specialists who require the depth of information