crispr genome surgery in stem cells and disease tissues

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CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues
Author : Stephen H. Tsang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-05-01
ISBN 10 : 0128178779
Pages : 225 pages
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CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues focuses uniquely on the clinical applications of CRISPR/Cas9 based technology. Topics include the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases, including retinal degenerative disease, recessively inherited diseases, and dominantly inherited diseases, to name a few. The book's target audience includes researchers, students, clinicians and the general public. This space that is not currently served by any existing resource, so this publication fills a gap in current literature. Provides a thorough review of CRISPR-Cas9, from discovery to therapy Covers the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases Written by global leaders in the fields of gene editing and stem cell therapy

Human Genome Editing
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2017-08-13
ISBN 10 : 0309452880
Pages : 328 pages
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Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment
Author : Phuc Van Pham,Ahmed El-Hashash
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-07
ISBN 10 : 3319980653
Pages : 190 pages
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This invaluable resource discusses insights ranging from basic biological mechanisms of various types of stem cells through the potential applications in the treatment of human diseases, including cancer and genetic disorders. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in understanding different types of stem cell biology and their potential applications in tissue repair and regeneration and in the treatment different types of human cancer and genetic diseases or disorders. Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applicationsseries will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering as well as cancer or genetics research.

Corneal Regeneration
Author : Jorge L. Alió,Jorge L. Alió del Barrio,Francisco Arnalich-Montiel
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-02-20
ISBN 10 : 3030013049
Pages : 507 pages
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This text provides expert instruction on the varying surgical techniques currently employed for the regeneration of the ocular surface. Corneal Regeneration: Therapy and Surgery begins with a thorough discussion of current research based on data obtained in clinical human studies, and discusses the potential clinical implications for this promising new stage of eye surgery. Sections devoted to the stem cell, regenerative surgery and therapy of the ocular surface epithelium, corneal stroma, and corneal endothelium follow, each section comprehensively covering applied anatomy, current therapy and regenerative techniques, with a look to future directions of the field including eventual cell therapy. Corneal Regeneration: Therapy and Surgery is the first book of its kind, systematically covering the developments the medical community has achieved in corneal regeneration from all angles. Written and edited by leading experts in the field, researchers and ophthalmologists alike will find this to be a unique source of information on corneal regeneration, as well as a thoughtful reflection on potential applications of regenerative surgery in ophthalmology as a whole.

The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care
Author : Daniel S. Casper,George A. Cioffi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-01
ISBN 10 : 3030108864
Pages : 531 pages
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This unique resource is a practical, easy-to-use guide for the non-ophthalmologist healthcare provider as they encounter patients with eye complaints and other concerning ophthalmic conditions. The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care is specifically designed with the non-ophthalmologist in mind, and provides a foundation of basic eye anatomy and physiology, functional analysis, pathology, and concepts in eye care. Each chapter delivers an accessible summary of various ophthalmic diseases and conditions, all of which are frequently encountered in everyday practice. These chapters provide in-depth discussions on a wide range of topics, from testing and examination procedures to management protocols, referral guidelines and expected frequency of follow-up for each disorder. Complete with hundreds of high-quality, descriptive illustrations and clinical photographs, The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care presents clear, understandable explanations of basic eye anatomy, physiology, disease and treatment for non-ophthalmic practitioners and students. In doing so, this guide provides a framework for determining the normal versus the abnormal, helping the reader recognize which patients require referral, and identify which conditions are developing, require urgent treatment, or can be routinely followed. Non-ophthalmologist healthcare providers and students alike will find this book, written by leaders in the field, a practical resource to consult as they encounter patients with treatable but potentially sight-threatening conditions.

Advances in Genome Editing
Author : Jennifer A. Doudna
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2016
ISBN 10 : 9781618962331
Pages : 329 pages
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Cellular Therapies for Retinal Disease
Author : Steven D. Schwartz,Aaron Nagiel,Robert Lanza
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-20
ISBN 10 : 3319494791
Pages : 143 pages
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This book familiarizes the reader with the current landscape of cell-based therapies for the treatment of retinal disease, including diseases that affect the choriocapillaris, retinal pigment epithelium, photoreceptors, and retinal ganglion cells. Instead of utilizing a disease-centric approach to the topic, this book—edited by two world-renowned stem cell scientists—focuses on strategies for developing and transplanting the cells. This includes the creation of replacement cells, cell-based neuroprotection, and in vitro disease modeling and testing. The final chapters briefly review parallel approaches that do not directly utilize cellular transplantation. The use of cellular transplantation to treat retinal disease has recently become a viable and exciting therapeutic approach. The visibility of the retina and its laminar cellular architecture render it an ideal organ for the development of surgically delivered cellular therapies. Having an in-depth understanding of the current state of cell therapy for the eye is an essential first step toward utilizing similar approaches in other organs. Ophthalmologists, translational clinician-scientists, stem cell scientists, and researchers interested in eye disease will find Cellular Therapies for Retinal Disease: A Strategic Approach essential reading and it is also suitable for workshops or courses at the undergraduate or Ph.D. level.

Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
Author : Daniel C. Baumgart
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-03-01
ISBN 10 : 3319337033
Pages : 695 pages
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This new edition is a unique combined resource for physicians and scientists addressing the needs of both groups. In addition to stimulating exchange and collaboration and shortening the path between discovery and application of new knowledge, the book helps clinicians understand new therapeutic concepts from their origins. The volume serves as a comprehensive guide to the current diagnostic modalities, including enhanced imaging techniques such as MRI and CT enterography, virtual colonoscopy, ultrasound, and endomicroscopy, as well as conventional and complex immunomodulatory principles. The latest edition also includes revised chapters from the previous edition, as well as new chapters reflecting current developments in the field. Written by experts in their field, Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis: From Epidemiology and Immunobiology to a Rational Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach, Second Edition is of great value to gastroenterologists, surgeons, internists, pediatricians and gynecologists trainees, as well as all those involved in Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and related autoimmune disorders.

Andreoli and Carpenter's Cecil Essentials of Medicine E-Book
Author : Ivor Benjamin,Robert C. Griggs,Thomas E. Andreoli,J. Gregory Fitz
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2010-04-06
ISBN 10 : 1437726739
Pages : 1312 pages
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Students, residents, and instructors swear by Andreoli and Carpenter’s Cecil Essentials of Medicine because it presents just the right amount of information, just the right way. Edited by the late Thomas E. Andreoli, MD as well as Ivor Benjamin, MD, Robert C. Griggs, MD, and Edward J. Wing, MD, it focuses on core principles and how they apply to patient care, covering everything you need to know to succeed on a medical rotation or residency. Masterful editing and a user-friendly full-color design make absorbing and retaining information as effortless as possible. New chapters on "Pre- and Post-Operative Care" and "Palliative Care," plus the integration of molecular biology and other new horizons in medicine, familiarize you with the most current clinical concepts. An expanded International Editorial Board provides increased input from respected practitioners worldwide. Excellent images and clinical photographs vividly illustrate the appearance and clinical features of disease. Masterful editing and a user-friendly full-color design make absorbing and retaining information as effortless as possible.

Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degradation
Author : Joseph A. Buckwalter,Martin K. Lotz,J. F. Stoltz
Publisher : IOS Press
Release Date : 2007-01-01
ISBN 10 : 1586037730
Pages : 299 pages
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Osteoarthritis is a public health issue due to its impact in term of handicap. Regarded as a multi-factorial disease, mechanistic and inflammatory theories are no more opposed but, on the contrary, are framed within the same continuum: osteoarthritis, inflammation and degeneration. This book helps readers understand the secrets of this disease.

Genome Editing and Engineering
Author : Krishnarao Appasani
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-07-31
ISBN 10 : 1107170370
Pages : 586 pages
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A complete guide to endonuclease-based genomic engineering, from basic science to application in disease biology and clinical treatment.

SCHWARTZ'S PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY 2-volume set 11th edition
Author : F. Charles Brunicardi,Dana K. Andersen,Timothy R. Billiar,David L. Dunn,John G. Hunter,Lillian Kao,Jeffrey B. Matthews,Raphael E. Pollock
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2019-05-29
ISBN 10 : 1259835375
Pages : 2448 pages
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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. The BEST EDITION yet of the #1 text for surgical practice and education For half-a-century, no other text has provided such a solid grounding in basic science, anatomy, operative techniques, and more recently, professional development and leadership training, as Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery. Written by the world’s foremost surgeons, this landmark reference offers distinctly modern and all-encompassing coverage of every important topic in general surgery. Enhanced by a new two volume presentation, the Eleventh Edition has been completely updated and refreshed with an emphasis on state-of-the-art, evidence-based surgical care. You will find an exciting array of new contributors from around the world, new chapters on cutting-edge topics, plus the acclaimed learning aids that make the material easier to understand and memorize. This outstanding content is bolstered by more than 800 photographs and 1,300 line drawings, most in full color, as well as online videos demonstrating key operations. Here’s why the Eleventh Edition is the best edition yet: Six timely new chapters on important topics such as enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), ambulatory/outpatient surgery, evidence for surgery practice, skills and simulation, and web-based education and social media High-quality full-color design showcases an unsurpassed illustration program Emphasis on high-yield discussion of diagnosis and treatment of surgical disease, arranged by organ system and surgical specialty Acclaimed learning aids (many new to this edition), including an abundance of completely up-to-date tables that summarize the most current evidence, boxed key points, detailed anatomical figures, diagnostic and management algorithms, and an abundance of completely up-to-date tables, and key references More than the field’s cornerstone textbook, Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery is an international compendium of the knowledge and technique of the world’s leading surgeons.

Human Germline Modification and the Right to Science
Author : Andrea Boggio,Cesare P. R. Romano,Jessica Almqvist
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2020-01-09
ISBN 10 : 1108499872
Pages : 324 pages
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A survey of the regulation of human germline genome modification in eighteen countries and the emerging international standards.

Cardiac Regeneration
Author : Masaki Ieda,Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-10-27
ISBN 10 : 3319561065
Pages : 274 pages
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This Volume of the series Cardiac and Vascular Biology offers a comprehensive and exciting, state-of-the-art work on the current options and potentials of cardiac regeneration and repair. Several techniques and approaches have been developed for heart failure repair: direct injection of cells, programming of scar tissue into functional myocardium, and tissue-engineered heart muscle support. The book introduces the rationale for these different approaches in cell-based heart regeneration and discusses the most important considerations for clinical translation. Expert authors discuss when, why, and how heart muscle can be salvaged. The book represents a valuable resource for stem cell researchers, cardiologists, bioengineers, and biomedical scientists studying cardiac function and regeneration.

CRISPR-Cas Systems
Author : Rodolphe Barrangou,John van der Oost
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-13
ISBN 10 : 364234657X
Pages : 302 pages
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CRISPR/Cas is a recently described defense system that protects bacteria and archaea against invasion by mobile genetic elements such as viruses and plasmids. A wide spectrum of distinct CRISPR/Cas systems has been identified in at least half of the available prokaryotic genomes. On-going structural and functional analyses have resulted in a far greater insight into the functions and possible applications of these systems, although many secrets remain to be discovered. In this book, experts summarize the state of the art in this exciting field.

Progress in Stem Cell Transplantation
Author : Taner Demirer
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-12-02
ISBN 10 : 9535122274
Pages : 208 pages
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This book documents the increased amount of stem cell-related research, basic and clinical applications as well as views for the future. The book covers a wide range of issues related to new developments and innovations in cell-based therapies discussed in basic and clinical chapters from authors around the world involved in stem cell studies and research. It thereby complements and extends the basic coverage of stem cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells, effect of stem cells on aging, cover hematopoietic stem cells, storage and cryopreservation, issues related to clinical applications such as haploidentical transplants and use of stem cells for the treatment of Huntingtons disease. Clearly, the treatment of various malignant and nonmalignant diseases depends heavily on stem cells, and this book is well positioned to provide comprehensive coverage of these developments.

Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Models
Author : Andras Nagy,Kursad Turksen
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2015-11-08
ISBN 10 : 9781493930333
Pages : 368 pages
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This volume captures the rapid developments in the field of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which have provided novel opportunities and approaches both for better understanding a number of human diseases and for developing new platforms for drug development and screening for such diseases. Specifically, representative protocols on various disease models have been collected from labs around the world. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Models: Generation and Characterization is an ideal reference for scientists working on furthering iPS research.

The Science of Stem Cells
Author : Jonathan M. W. Slack
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-01-16
ISBN 10 : 1119235154
Pages : 264 pages
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Introduces all of the essential cell biology and developmental biology background for the study of stem cells This book gives you all the important information you need to become a stem cell scientist. It covers the characterization of cells, genetic techniques for modifying cells and organisms, tissue culture technology, transplantation immunology, properties of pluripotent and tissue specific stem cells and, in particular, the relevant aspects of mammalian developmental biology. It dispels many misconceptions about stem cells—especially that they can be miracle cells that can cure all ills. The book puts emphasis on stem cell behavior in its biological context and on how to study it. Throughout, the approach is simple, direct, and logical, and evidence is given to support conclusions. Stem cell biology has huge potential for advancing therapies for many distressing and recalcitrant diseases, and its potential will be realized most quickly when as many people as possible have a good grounding in the science of stem cells. Content focused on the basic science underpinning stem cell biology Covers techniques of studying cell properties and cell lineage in vivo and in vitro Explains the basics of embryonic development and cell differentiation, as well as the essential cell biology processes of signaling, gene expression, and cell division Includes instructor resources such as further reading and figures for downloading Offers an online supplement summarizing current clinical applications of stem cells Written by a prominent leader in the field, The Science of Stem Cells is an ideal course book for advanced undergraduates or graduate students studying stem cell biology, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and other topics of science and biology.

Genetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease
Author : Rajesh V. Thakker,Michael P. Whyte,John Eisman,Takashi Igarashi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-10-31
ISBN 10 : 0128041986
Pages : 878 pages
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Genetics of Bone Biology and Skeletal Disease, Second Edition, is aimed at students of bone biology and genetics and includes general introductory chapters on bone biology and genetics. More specific disease orientated chapters comprehensively summarize the clinical, genetic, molecular, animal model, molecular pathology, diagnostic, counseling, and treatment aspects of each disorder. The book is organized into five sections that each emphasize a particular theme, general background to bone biology, general background to genetics and epigenetics, disorders of bone and joint, parathyroid and related disorders, and vitamin D and renal disorders. The first section is specifically devoted to providing an overview of bone biology and structure, joint and cartilage biology, principles of endocrine regulation of bone, and the role of neuronal regulation and energy homeostasis. The second section reviews the principles and progress of medical genetics and epigenetics related to bone disease, including genome-wide association studies (GWAS), genomic profiling, copy number variation, prospects of gene therapy, pharmacogenomics, genetic testing and counseling, as well as the generation and utilizing of mouse models. The third section details advances in the genetics and molecular biology of bone and joint diseases, both monogenic and polygenic, as well as skeletal dysplasias, and rarer bone disorders. The fourth section highlights the central role of the parathyroids in calcium and skeletal homeostasis by reviewing the molecular genetics of: hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyrodism, endocrine neoplasias, and disorders of the PTH and calcium-sensing receptors. The fifth section details molecular and cellular advances across associated renal disorders such as vitamin D and rickets. Identifies and analyzes the genetic basis of bone disorders in humans and demonstrates the utility of mouse models in furthering the knowledge of mechanisms and evaluation of treatments Demonstrates how the interactions between bone and joint biology, physiology, and genetics have greatly enhanced the understanding of normal bone function as well as the molecular pathogenesis of metabolic bone disorders Summarizes the clinical, genetic, molecular, animal model, molecular pathology, diagnostic, counseling, and treatment aspects of each disorder

Retinal Degenerative Diseases
Author : Matthew M. LaVail,John Ash,Robert E. Anderson,Joe G. Hollyfield,Christian Grimm
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-12-21
ISBN 10 : 1461406315
Pages : 864 pages
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This book will contain the proceedings of the XIV International Symposium on Retinal Degeneration (RD2010), held July 13-17, 2010, in Mont-Tremblant, Quebec, Canada. The volume will present representative state-of-the-art research in almost all areas of retinal degenerations, ranging from cytopathologic, physiologic, diagnostic and clinical aspects; animal models; mechanisms of cell death; candidate genes, cloning, mapping and other aspects of molecular genetics; and developing potential therapeutic measures such as gene therapy and neuroprotective agents for potential pharmaceutical therapy.