|Author||: Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk|
|Release Date||: 2014-04-23|
|ISBN 10||: 0124017150|
|Pages||: 334 pages|
The conformal predictions framework is a recent development in machine learning that can associate a reliable measure of confidence with a prediction in any real-world pattern recognition application, including risk-sensitive applications such as medical diagnosis, face recognition, and financial risk prediction. Conformal Predictions for Reliable Machine Learning: Theory, Adaptations and Applications captures the basic theory of the framework, demonstrates how to apply it to real-world problems, and presents several adaptations, including active learning, change detection, and anomaly detection. As practitioners and researchers around the world apply and adapt the framework, this edited volume brings together these bodies of work, providing a springboard for further research as well as a handbook for application in real-world problems. Understand the theoretical foundations of this important framework that can provide a reliable measure of confidence with predictions in machine learning Be able to apply this framework to real-world problems in different machine learning settings, including classification, regression, and clustering Learn effective ways of adapting the framework to newer problem settings, such as active learning, model selection, or change detection
|Author||: Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk|
|Publisher||: Morgan Kaufmann|
|Release Date||: 2014|
|ISBN 10||: 9780123985378|
|Pages||: 298 pages|
"Traditional, low-dimensional, small scale data have been successfully dealt with using conventional software engineering and classical statistical methods, such as discriminant analysis, neural networks, genetic algorithms and others. But the change of scale in data collection and the dimensionality of modern data sets has profound implications on the type of analysis that can be done. Recently several kernel-based machine learning algorithms have been developed for dealing with high-dimensional problems, where a large number of features could cause a combinatorial explosion. These methods are quickly gaining popularity, and it is widely believed that they will help to meet the challenge of analysing very large data sets. Learning machines often perform well in a wide range of applications and have nice theoretical properties without requiring any parametric statistical assumption about the source of data (unlike traditional statistical techniques). However, a typical drawback of many machine learning algorithms is that they usually do not provide any useful measure of con dence in the predicted labels of new, unclassi ed examples. Con dence estimation is a well-studied area of both parametric and non-parametric statistics; however, usually only low-dimensional problems are considered"--
Algorithmic Learning in a Random World describes recent theoretical and experimental developments in building computable approximations to Kolmogorov's algorithmic notion of randomness. Based on these approximations, a new set of machine learning algorithms have been developed that can be used to make predictions and to estimate their confidence and credibility in high-dimensional spaces under the usual assumption that the data are independent and identically distributed (assumption of randomness). Another aim of this unique monograph is to outline some limits of predictions: The approach based on algorithmic theory of randomness allows for the proof of impossibility of prediction in certain situations. The book describes how several important machine learning problems, such as density estimation in high-dimensional spaces, cannot be solved if the only assumption is randomness.
|Author||: Alexander Gammerman,Zhiyuan Luo,Jesús Vega,Vladimir Vovk|
|Release Date||: 2016-04-16|
|ISBN 10||: 331933395X|
|Pages||: 229 pages|
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications, COPA 2016, held in Madrid, Spain, in April 2016. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions and cover topics on theory of conformal prediction; applications of conformal prediction; and machine learning.
|Author||: Marie-Jeanne Lesot,Susana Vieira,Marek Z. Reformat,João Paulo Carvalho,Anna Wilbik,Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier,Ronald R. Yager|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|Release Date||: 2020-06-05|
|ISBN 10||: 3030501531|
|Pages||: 833 pages|
This three volume set (CCIS 1237-1239) constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2020, in June 2020. The conference was scheduled to take place in Lisbon, Portugal, at University of Lisbon, but due to COVID-19 pandemic it was held virtually. The 173 papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 213 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections: homage to Enrique Ruspini; invited talks; foundations and mathematics; decision making, preferences and votes; optimization and uncertainty; games; real world applications; knowledge processing and creation; machine learning I; machine learning II; XAI; image processing; temporal data processing; text analysis and processing; fuzzy interval analysis; theoretical and applied aspects of imprecise probabilities; similarities in artificial intelligence; belief function theory and its applications; aggregation: theory and practice; aggregation: pre-aggregation functions and other generalizations of monotonicity; aggregation: aggregation of different data structures; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; computational intelligence for logistics and transportation problems; fuzzy implication functions; soft methods in statistics and data analysis; image understanding and explainable AI; fuzzy and generalized quantifier theory; mathematical methods towards dealing with uncertainty in applied sciences; statistical image processing and analysis, with applications in neuroimaging; interval uncertainty; discrete models and computational intelligence; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; mathematical fuzzy logic and graded reasoning models; formal concept analysis, rough sets, general operators and related topics; computational intelligence methods in information modelling, representation and processing.
Theory, algorithms, and applications of machine learning techniques to overcome “covariate shift” non-stationarity. As the power of computing has grown over the past few decades, the field of machine learning has advanced rapidly in both theory and practice. Machine learning methods are usually based on the assumption that the data generation mechanism does not change over time. Yet real-world applications of machine learning, including image recognition, natural language processing, speech recognition, robot control, and bioinformatics, often violate this common assumption. Dealing with non-stationarity is one of modern machine learning's greatest challenges. This book focuses on a specific non-stationary environment known as covariate shift, in which the distributions of inputs (queries) change but the conditional distribution of outputs (answers) is unchanged, and presents machine learning theory, algorithms, and applications to overcome this variety of non-stationarity. After reviewing the state-of-the-art research in the field, the authors discuss topics that include learning under covariate shift, model selection, importance estimation, and active learning. They describe such real world applications of covariate shift adaption as brain-computer interface, speaker identification, and age prediction from facial images. With this book, they aim to encourage future research in machine learning, statistics, and engineering that strives to create truly autonomous learning machines able to learn under non-stationarity.
|Author||: Franz Wotawa,Gerhard Friedrich,Ingo Pill,Roxane Koitz-Hristov,Moonis Ali|
|Release Date||: 2019-06-28|
|ISBN 10||: 3030229998|
|Pages||: 865 pages|
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2019, held in Graz, Austria, in July 2019. The 41 full papers and 32 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 151 submissions. The IEA/AIE 2019 conference will continue the tradition of emphasizing on applications of applied intelligent systems to solve real-life problems in all areas. These areas include engineering, science, industry, automation and robotics, business and finance, medicine and biomedicine, bioinformatics, cyberspace, and human-machine interactions. IEA/AIE 2019 will have a special focus on automated driving and autonomous systems and also contributions dealing with such systems or their verification and validation as well.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Statistical Learning and Data Sciences, SLDS 2015, held in Egham, Surrey, UK, April 2015. The 36 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 59 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on statistical learning and its applications, conformal prediction and its applications, new frontiers in data analysis for nuclear fusion, and geometric data analysis.
Nonlinear signal and image processing methods are fast emerging as an alternative to established linear methods for meeting the challenges of increasingly sophisticated applications. Advances in computing performance and nonlinear theory are making nonlinear techniques not only viable, but practical. This book details recent advances in nonl
This book presents a range of qualitative and quantitative analyses in areas such as cybersecurity, sustainability, multivariate analysis, customer satisfaction, parametric programming, software reliability growth modeling, and blockchain technology, to name but a few. It also highlights integrated methods and practices in the areas of machine learning and genetic algorithms. After discussing applications in supply chains and logistics, cloud computing, six sigma, production management, big data analysis, satellite imaging, game theory, biometric systems, quality, and system performance, the book examines the latest developments and breakthroughs in the field of science and technology, and provides novel problem-solving methods. The themes discussed in the book link contributions by researchers and practitioners from different branches of engineering and management, and hailing from around the globe. These contributions provide scholars with a platform to derive maximum utility in the area of analytics by subscribing to the idea of managing business through system sciences, operations, and management. Managers and decision-makers can learn a great deal from the respective chapters, which will help them devise their own business strategies and find real-world solutions to complex industrial problems.
Provides a foundation for probability based on game theory ratherthan measure theory. A strong philosophical approach with practicalapplications. Presents in-depth coverage of classical probability theory aswell as new theory.