|Author||: Valter Bruno Reis e Silva,João Cardoso|
|Release Date||: 2020-06-16|
|ISBN 10||: 0128175419|
|Pages||: 220 pages|
Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste-to-Energy Processes: A Hands-On Approach provides the key knowledge needed to perform CFD simulations using powerful commercial software tools. The book focuses on fluid mechanics, heat transfer and chemical reactions. To do so, the fundamentals of CFD are presented, with the entire workflow broken into manageable pieces that detail geometry preparation, meshing, problem setting, model implementation and post-processing actions. Pathways for process optimization using CFD integrated with Design of Experiments are also explored. The book’s combined approach of theory, application and hands-on practice allows engineering graduate students, advanced undergraduates and industry practitioners to develop their own simulations. Provides the skills needed to perform real-life simulation calculations through a combination of mathematical background and real-world examples, including step-by-step tutorials Presents worked examples in complex processes as combustion or gasification involving fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, and complex chemistry sets
|Author||: Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia|
|Release Date||: 2009-08-05|
|ISBN 10||: 9780444534736|
|Pages||: 2165 pages|
This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field
|Author||: Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Cláudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia (Jr)|
|Release Date||: 2009|
|ISBN 10||: 0444534350|
|Pages||: 1224 pages|
The 10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, PSE'09, will be held in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil on August 16-20, 2009. The special focus of PSE 2009 is Sustainability, Energy and Engineering. PSE 2009 is the tenth in the triennial series of international symposia on process systems engineering initiated in 1982. The meeting is brings together the worldwide PSE community of researchers and practitioners who are involved in the creation and application of computing-based methodologies for planning, design, operation, control and maintenance of chemical and petrochemical process industries. PSE'09 will look at how the PSE methods and tools can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering: environmentally conscious design of industrial processes. PSE methods and tools support: - sustainable resource systems - emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering - environmentally conscious design of industrial processes
This book is the result of a careful selection of contributors in the field of CFD. It is divided into three sections according to the purpose and approaches used in the development of the contributions. The first section describes the "high-performance computing" (HPC) tools and their impact on CFD modeling. The second section is dedicated to "CFD models for local and large-scale industrial phenomena." Two types of approaches are basically contained here: one concerns the adaptation from global to local scale, - e.g., the applications of CFD to study the climate changes and the adaptations to local scale. The second approach, very challenging, is the multiscale analysis. The third section is devoted to "CFD in numerical modeling approach for experimental cases." Its chapters emphasize on the numerical approach of the mathematical models associated to few experimental (industrial) cases. Here, the impact and the importance of the mathematical modeling in CFD are focused on. It is expected that the collection of these chapters will enrich the state of the art in the CFD domain and its applications in a lot of fields. This collection proves that CFD is a highly interdisciplinary research area, which lies at the interface of physics, engineering, applied mathematics, and computer science.
Waste to Energy deals with the very topical subject of converting the calorific content of waste material into useful forms of energy. It complements and, to a certain degree, overlaps with its companion volume, “Biomass to Biofuels”, since a significant proportion of biomass converted to energy nowadays originates from various types of waste. The material in the first, more substantial part of the volume has been arranged according to the type of process for energy conversion. Biochemical processes are described in six articles. These relate to the production of methane by anaerobic digestion; reactor conversion efficiencies; investigations on ethanol production from biodegradable municipal solid waste through hydrolysis and fermentation; hydrogen production from glucose through a hybrid anaerobic and photosynthetic process; biodiesel production from used cooking oil through base-catalyzed transesterification. Conversions by thermochemical processes are discussed in the subsequent eleven articles of the volume. These cover combustion, the direct use of heat energy; using the heat produced in thermal power stations for steam and, ultimately, electricity generation; municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuel. In another article, computational fluid dynamics modelling is applied to assess the influence of process parameters and to perform optimization studies. A group of articles deal with more complex thermochemical processes involving combustion combined with pyrolysis and gasification. Two articles focus on biofuels as feed for fuel cells. In the last six articles, the emphasis is on management and policy rather than technical issues."
|Release Date||: 2011-06-10|
|ISBN 10||: 0444538968|
|Pages||: 2082 pages|
The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of computer aided process engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges," described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies."
|Author||: Jaya Shankar Tumuluru|
|Publisher||: BoD – Books on Demand|
|Release Date||: 2017-02-22|
|ISBN 10||: 9535129376|
|Pages||: 516 pages|
This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass volume estimation using direct, nondestructive and remote sensing methods Biomass valorization for energy using thermochemical (gasification and pyrolysis) and biochemical (fermentation) conversion processes.
|Author||: M. Masud K. Khan,Nur M.S Hassan|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2015-09-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0128025891|
|Pages||: 360 pages|
Thermofluid Modeling for Sustainable Energy Applications provides a collection of the most recent, cutting-edge developments in the application of fluid mechanics modeling to energy systems and energy efficient technology. Each chapter introduces relevant theories alongside detailed, real-life case studies that demonstrate the value of thermofluid modeling and simulation as an integral part of the engineering process. Research problems and modeling solutions across a range of energy efficiency scenarios are presented by experts, helping users build a sustainable engineering knowledge base. The text offers novel examples of the use of computation fluid dynamics in relation to hot topics, including passive air cooling and thermal storage. It is a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering. Includes contributions from experts in energy efficiency modeling across a range of engineering fields Places thermofluid modeling and simulation at the center of engineering design and development, with theory supported by detailed, real-life case studies Features hot topics in energy and sustainability engineering, including thermal storage and passive air cooling Provides a valuable resource for academics, engineers, and students undertaking research in thermal engineering
Pt. I. Astrophysics. Very high resolution simulations of compressible, turbulent flows / Paul R. Woodward [und weitere] -- Instabilities and filamentation of dispersive alfven waves / D. Laveder, T. Passot and P.L. Sulem -- Astrophysical jets / A.C. Raga [und weitere] -- A nonhydrostatic meteorological model (Meso-NH) applied to high angular resolution in astronomy: 3D characterization and forecasting of the optical turbulence / Elena Masciadri -- Numerical simulations of interplanetary shock waves using ZEUS-3D / A. Santillan, J.A. Gonzalez-Esparza and M.A. Yanez -- Photoionizing shocks in the interstellar medium / S.J. Arthur -- Numerical simulation of the interaction between jets and supernova remnants / Pablo Fabian Velazquez and Alejandro Raga -- Thermal instability in a turbulent medium / A. Gazol, E. Vazquez-Semadeni and J. Scalo -- Turbulent dissipation in the interstellar medium in the presence of discrete energy sources / Vladimir Avila-Reese and Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni -- The density probability distribution function in turbulent, isothermal, magnetized flows in a slab geometry / Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni and Thierry Passot -- Multifractal structure in simulations and observations of the interstellar medium / Wilder Chicana Nuncebay and Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni -- pt. II. Geophysics. Stratiform low clouds: Phenomenology and large eddy simulations / Douglas K. Lilly -- On the modeling of deep convective clouds over Mexico City / G.B. Raga and J. Morfin -- Spectral structure of growing normal modes for exact solutions to the barotropic vorticity equation on a sphere / Yuri N. Skiba and Andrei Y. Strelkov -- pt. III. Numerical and computational aspects. Distributed parallel simulation of surface tension driven viscous flow and transport processes / G.F. Carey [und weitere] -- Considerations for scalable CFD on the SGI ccNUMA architecture / M.D. Kremenetsky, S.A. Posey and T.L. Tysinger -- Parallelization of a two-way interactive grid nesting atmospheric model / Patrick Jabouille -- Natural convection in a cubical porous cavity: Solution by orthogonal collocation / Hugo Jimenez-Islas -- Numerical solutions of nonlinear DIA equations and calculation of turbulent diffusivities / N.A. Silant'ev -- pt. IV. Applications. From stars to volcanoes: The SPH story / J.J. Monaghan -- A parallel lattice-Boltzmann method for large scale simulations of complex fluids / Maziar Nekovee [und weitere] -- Natural convection in a slender container / Luis M. de la Cruz and Eduardo Ramos -- Effect on fluid flow and heat transfer of dephasing between plates in wavy plate passages / R. Romero-Mendez [und weitere] -- Analysis of the numerical simulation of the filling system used in production of aluminum pistons / A.R. Cabrera-Ruiz [und weitere] -- Isotherms in a solid with a tilted fracture and their effects on the local fluid motion / A. Medina [und weitere] -- Basic numerical simulations in Kaluza's magnetohydrodynamics / Alfredo Sandoval-Villalbazo [und weitere] -- Understanding dilute gases: Going beyond the Navier-Stokes equations / F.J. Uribe
|Publisher||: Peterson Nelnet Company|
|Release Date||: 1990|
|ISBN 10||: 9781560790259|
|Pages||: 1366 pages|
|Author||: Gary C. Young|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2010-11-29|
|ISBN 10||: 9781118029275|
|Pages||: 396 pages|
A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes. Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated. Topics include: Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes Combustion technology Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy Plasma economics Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.
Most leaders of developed nations recognize the importance of following policies and strategies to achieve a low-carbon economy based on new and innovative technologies that are able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and create new employment and growth. In the broad spectrum of the feasible decarbonisation pathways, the challenge for political and economic decision-makers is to weigh uncertain impact from different technologies and to build a comprehensive evidence-based framework for research, business, investment and policy decision-making. This book aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art technology in the Low Carbon Technology and Economy field, discussing a set of new technology approaches and environmental and economic implications.
|Author||: International Atomic Energy Agency|
|Release Date||: 2005-03-22|
|Pages||: 221 pages|
This publication can be used as basic course in tracer methodology in university curricula of chemical engineering, engineering processing, and oil and gas reservoir engineering faculties. The report is also of interest to industrial managers and decision-makers that are generally educated in areas outside of nuclear applications. The book seeks to inform both the specialist and non-specialist reader about the application and impact of radiotracer technology in modern industry. The report can also be used for the further promotion of radiotracer technology in developing IAEA Member States. It is likely to be of wider interest for the further development of skills and confidence to carry out field work. It facilitates the transfer of technology from developed to developing countries.
|Release Date||: 1995|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Part of the government series on energy, from TheCapitol.Net, this text discusses the nuclear energy issues facing Congress including federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, nuclear weapons proliferation, and security against terrorist attacks.
|Author||: Wei Wang|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Science Limited|
|Release Date||: 2004|
|Pages||: 338 pages|
The workshop aims at providing researchers and practitioners with a forum to report on recent developments in the the technology / method and their applications for automation in mining, mineral and metal processing in order to face the challenge of complex industrial process modeling, control and optimization. The emphasis is placed on practical use of those technologies, but theoretical researches accompanied with appropriate practical experience / consideration are also welcome. ·Provides the latest research on Automation of Metallurgy ·Contains contributions written by experts in the field ·Part of the IFAC Proceedings Series which provides a comprehensive overview of the major topics in control engineering.