Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics
The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.
|Author||: Enrico Sciubba,Giampaolo Manfrida,Umberto Desideri|
|Publisher||: Firenze University Press|
|Release Date||: 2012|
|ISBN 10||: 9788866553229|
|Pages||: 219 pages|
Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items. This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.
|Author||: Christos A. Frangopoulos|
|Publisher||: EOLSS Publications|
|Release Date||: 2009-05-13|
|ISBN 10||: 1848261659|
|Pages||: 460 pages|
Exergy, Energy System Analysis, and Optimization theme is a component of the Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These three volumes are organized into five different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: 1. Exergy and Thermodynamic Analysis; 2. Thermoeconomic Analysis; 3. Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in Energy Systems; 4. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Energy Systems Analysis; 5. Sustainability Considerations in the Modeling of Energy Systems. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
Analyzes approaches to the study of complexity in the physical, biological, and social sciences.
|Author||: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Advanced Energy Systems Division|
|Release Date||: 2007|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Thermodynamic methods of analysis have in recent years found ever-growing extensions in diverse regions of modern tech nology. The object of the present book is to apply these methods to the description of materials of varying physical properties. I hope the book will illustrate the wide variety and usefulness of thermodynamics which was well described by Albert Einstein: "A theory is the more impressive the greater the simplicity of its premises is, the more different kinds of things it relates, and the more extended is its area of applicability. Therefore the deep impression which classical thermodynamics made upon me." The work of the American thermodynamic school is well known in the Soviet Union, and thus it is a great pleasure to offer this book to American readers. V. V. Sychev v Preface At the present time, when a number of new areas of tech nology are rapidly evolving, it is difficult to present a modern course in technical thermodynamics without developing such sub jects as the thermodynamics of insulators, magnets, and super conductors, or without treating the features of thermodynamic systems located in a gravitational field and in conditions of weight lessness, etc. In fact the limited coverage of technical thermody namics in the usual textbooks and school equipment as a rule prevents the authors from giving any detailed discussion of these important problems. I therefore resolved to treat these problems in a separate text. I discussed the concept of this book with my teachers V. A.
This book presents an internationally comprehensive perspective into the field of complex systems. It explores the challenges of and approaches to complexity from a broad range of disciplines, including big data, health care, medicine, mathematics, mechanical and systems engineering, air traffic control and finance. The book’s interdisciplinary character allows readers to identify transferable and mutually exclusive lessons learned among these disciplines and beyond. As such, it is well suited to the transfer of applications and methodologies between ostensibly incompatible disciplines. This book provides fresh perspectives on comparable issues of complexity from the top minds on systems thinking.
Chaisson addresses some of the most basic issues we can contemplate: the origin of matter and the origin of life, and the ways matter, life, and radiation interact and change with time. He designs for us an expansive yet intricate model depicting the origin and evolution of all material structures.
Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems responds to the need for a synthesizing volume that throws light upon the extensive field of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering perspective that applies basic ideas and key results from the field to chemical engineering problems. This book outlines and interprets the most valuable achievements in applied non-equilibrium thermodynamics obtained within the recent fifty years. It synthesizes nontrivial achievements of thermodynamics in important branches of chemical and biochemical engineering. Readers will gain an update on what has been achieved, what new research problems could be stated, and what kind of further studies should be developed within specialized research. Presents clearly structured chapters beginning with an introduction, elaboration of the process, and results summarized in a conclusion Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics Provides a synthesis of recent thermodynamic developments in practical systems Presents very elaborate literature discussions from the past fifty years
A comprehensive and rigorous introduction to thermal system designfrom a contemporary perspective Thermal Design and Optimization offers readers a lucid introductionto the latest methodologies for the design of thermal systems andemphasizes engineering economics, system simulation, andoptimization methods. The methods of exergy analysis, entropygeneration minimization, and thermoeconomics are incorporated in anevolutionary manner. This book is one of the few sources available that addresses therecommendations of the Accreditation Board for Engineering andTechnology for new courses in design engineering. Intended forclassroom use as well as self-study, the text provides a review offundamental concepts, extensive reference lists, end-of-chapterproblem sets, helpful appendices, and a comprehensive case studythat is followed throughout the text. Contents include: * Introduction to Thermal System Design * Thermodynamics, Modeling, and Design Analysis * Exergy Analysis * Heat Transfer, Modeling, and Design Analysis * Applications with Heat and Fluid Flow * Applications with Thermodynamics and Heat and Fluid Flow * Economic Analysis * Thermoeconomic Analysis and Evaluation * Thermoeconomic Optimization Thermal Design and Optimization offers engineering students,practicing engineers, and technical managers a comprehensive andrigorous introduction to thermal system design and optimizationfrom a distinctly contemporary perspective. Unlike traditionalbooks that are largely oriented toward design analysis andcomponents, this forward-thinking book aligns itself with anincreasing number of active designers who believe that moreeffective, system-oriented design methods are needed. Thermal Design and Optimization offers a lucid presentation ofthermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics as they areapplied to the design of thermal systems. This book broadens thescope of engineering design by placing a strong emphasis onengineering economics, system simulation, and optimizationtechniques. Opening with a concise review of fundamentals, itdevelops design methods within a framework of industrialapplications that gradually increase in complexity. Theseapplications include, among others, power generation by large andsmall systems, and cryogenic systems for the manufacturing,chemical, and food processing industries. This unique book draws on the best contemporary thinking aboutdesign and design methodology, including discussions of concurrentdesign and quality function deployment. Recent developments basedon the second law of thermodynamics are also included, especiallythe use of exergy analysis, entropy generation minimization, andthermoeconomics. To demonstrate the application of important designprinciples introduced, a single case study involving the design ofa cogeneration system is followed throughout the book. In addition, Thermal Design and Optimization is one of the best newsources available for meeting the recommendations of theAccreditation Board for Engineering and Technology for more designemphasis in engineering curricula. Supported by extensive reference lists, end-of-chapter problemsets, and helpful appendices, this is a superb text for both theclassroom and self-study, and for use in industrial design,development, and research. A detailed solutions manual is availablefrom the publisher.
|Release Date||: 1989|
|Pages||: 3112 pages|
|Release Date||: 1989|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Using tricks to handle coupled nonlinear dynamical many-body systems, several advancements have already been made in understanding the behavior of markets/economic/social systems and their dynamics. The book intends to provide the reader with updated reviews on such major developments in both econophysics and sociophysics, by leading experts in the respective fields. This is the first book providing a panoramic view of these developments in the last decade.
Nam P. Suh focussed his axiomatic design theories on methods to understand and deal with complexity. Suh is a well-respected designer and researcher in the fields of manufacturing and composite materials. He is best known for his systems that aim to speed up and simplify the process of design for manufacturing. The 'axioms' in axiomatic design refer to a process to help engineers reduce design specifications down to their simplest components, so that the engineers can produce the simplest possible solution to a problem. Complexity, besides being a key area of burgeoning research in disciplines interested in complex systems and chaos theory (like computer science and physics), is a complicating factor in engineering design that many engineers find difficult to overcome. Suh's multidisciplinary exploration of complex systems is meant to eliminate much of the confusion and allow engineers to accommodate complexity within simple, elegant design solutions.
Contemporary theories on complex adaptive systems stem from a natural science perspective. Paul Cilliers was one of the first complexity thinkers to translate the theoretical concepts into a qualitative and normative understanding of complexity. This collected volume of essays consolidates his later work. The introduction by Preiser and Woermann reflects on the significance of his contribution within the broader field of complex systems thinking.