coal and peat fires

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective
Author : Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
ISBN 10 : 0444594175
Pages : 584 pages
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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. It presents the scientific and industrial communities as well as the interested lay reader with studies about prehistoric as well as historic coal and peat fires and magnificent illustrations of such fires and related research from countries around the world—a totally new contribution to science. The second of four volumes in the collection, Photographs and Multimedia Tours features stunning photographs from around the world, including Australia, Canada, Northern China, India, Borneo, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Russia, the United States, and more. This essential reference also includes a companion website with a collection of slide presentations and videos about coal and peat fires. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from all of the world are represented Beautiful full-color illustrations and online materials including research data banks, an interactive online world map of coal and peat fires, multi-media presentations, and videos bring the contents to life

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective
Author : Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-09-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080931630
Pages : 380 pages
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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. The first of four volumes in the collection, Coal – Geology and Combustion, features chapters that discuss the origin of coal and coal fires; mining and use of coal; combustion and coal petrology; environmental and health impacts of coal fires; combustion by-products; geochemical, geophysical, and engineering methodologies for studying coal fires; the control, extinguishment, and political implications of coal fires; and much more. Integrates pioneering coal-fires research, with topical coverage of remote sensing, policymaking, and more Serves as an essential guide to the socio-economic and geo-environmental impacts of coal fires

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective
Author : Glenn B. Stracher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-09
ISBN 10 : 0128498846
Pages : 542 pages
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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume Five: Case Studies - Advances in Field and Laboratory Research, the companion to volumes 1-4, includes the latest research findings about coal and peat fires in the United States, China, India, France, Spain, Poland, and Ireland. Included are chapters about the discovery of microarthropods at two mine fires, the oldest recorded uses of burning coal, the effects of combustion and coal waste on a riverine system, remote sensing analysis of coal fires, gas explosion and spontaneous combustion experiments, and phases associated with the by-products of combustion. This essential reference, along with volumes 1-4, includes a companion website with an interactive world map of coal and peat fires, a collection of slide presentations, research data, and videos: https://www.elsevier.com/books-and-journals/book-companion/9780128498859 Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope -- covers case studies about fires around the world Includes beautiful color illustrations, valuable research data, a companion website with additional resources, and a periodically updated world map of coal and peat fires

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective
Author : Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Guillermo Rein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-06
ISBN 10 : 0444595120
Pages : 174 pages
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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science. This last of four volumes in the collection, Peat--Geology, Combustion, and Case Studies, examines in detail peat fires chronicled in several countries. In addition, the geology of peat, peat megafires, infrared analysis of fires, and the mathematical modelling of fire hazards are presented. This essential reference includes a companion website with an interactive world map of coal and peat fires, collections of slide presentations, research data, additional chapters, and videos: booksite.elsevier.com/9780444595102. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and a companion website of further resources

Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing
Author : Claudia Kuenzer,Stefan Dech
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-17
ISBN 10 : 9400766394
Pages : 537 pages
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field of thermal infrared remote sensing. Temperature is one of the most important physical environmental variables monitored by earth observing remote sensing systems. Temperature ranges define the boundaries of habitats on our planet. Thermal hazards endanger our resources and well-being. In this book renowned international experts have contributed chapters on currently available thermal sensors as well as innovative plans for future missions. Further chapters discuss the underlying physics and image processing techniques for analyzing thermal data. Ground-breaking chapters on applications present a wide variety of case studies leading to a deepened understanding of land and sea surface temperature dynamics, urban heat island effects, forest fires, volcanic eruption precursors, underground coal fires, geothermal systems, soil moisture variability, and temperature-based mineral discrimination. ‘Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications’ is unique because of the large field it spans, the potentials it reveals, and the detail it provides. This book is an indispensable volume for scientists, lecturers, and decision makers interested in thermal infrared technology, methods, and applications.

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion
Author : Michael S. Blinderman,Alexander Y. Klimenko
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-28
ISBN 10 : 0081003242
Pages : 662 pages
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Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

Advanced Mine Ventilation
Author : Pramod Thakur
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-23
ISBN 10 : 0081004583
Pages : 528 pages
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Advanced Mine Ventilation presents the reader with a unique book providing the theory and applications for designing mine ventilation with computers, controlling respirable coal dust and diesel particulate matter, combustible gas control and, mine fire management. The book summarizes the latest knowledge created in the past 40 years in these areas. Authored by an expert in the field with 50 years' experience, the book is a great combination of theory and applications. The mine ventilation section provides computer programs (both FORTRAN and C++) to calculate not only air quantities and pressure losses but also the concentration of any pollutant in all junctions and branches of the mine network. Small particle mechanics and dust control is covered in the second section of the book. The third section on combustible gas control discusses all aspects of mine gases from origin to control. The last section on mine fire control discusses spontaneous combustion, frictional ignitions, mine explosions, and mine sealing and recovery. The book is not only a very good reference book but also an excellent textbook for two graduate level courses in Mining Engineering. Provides the latest knowledge on the four related topics of mine environment control; that is, ventilation, dust, gas, and fire in a single volume. Computer simulation of mine ventilation in both FORTRAN and C++. State-of-the-art respirable dust control. Mine degasification and methane production from a coal lease. Mine fire management.

Fire Phenomena and the Earth System
Author : Claire M. Belcher
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-04-08
ISBN 10 : 1118529561
Pages : 352 pages
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Fire plays a key role in Earth system processes. Wildfiresinfluence the carbon cycle and the nutrient balance of our planet,and may even play a role in regulating the oxygen content of ouratmosphere. The evolutionary history of plants has been intimatelytied to fire and this in part explains the distribution of ourecosystems and their ability to withstand the effects of naturalfires today. Fire Phenomena and the Earth System brings together thevarious subdisciplines within fire science to provide a synthesisof our understanding of the role of wildfire in the Earth system.The book shows how knowledge of fire phenomena and the nature ofcombustion of natural fuels can be used to understand modernwildfires, interpret fire events in the geological record and tounderstand the role of fire in a variety of Earth system processes.By bringing together chapters written by leading internationalresearchers from a range of geological, environmental, chemical andengineering disciplines, the book will stimulate the exchange ofideas and knowledge across these subject areas. Fire Phenomenaand the Earth System provides a truly interdisciplinary guidethat can inform us about Earth’s past, present andbeyond. Readership: Advanced students and researchers across awide range of earth, environmental and life sciences, includingbiogeochemistry, paleoclimatology, atmospheric science,palaeontology and paleoecology, combustion science, ecology andforestry.

The Domestic Revolution
Author : Ruth Goodman
Publisher : Michael O'Mara Books
Release Date : 2020-04-16
ISBN 10 : 178243853X
Pages : 329 pages
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'Ruth is the queen of living history - long may she reign.' Lucy Worsley A large black cast iron range glowing hot, the kettle steaming on top, provider of everything from bath water and clean socks to morning tea: it's a nostalgic icon of a Victorian way of life. But it is far more than that. In this book, social historian and TV presenter Ruth Goodman tells the story of how the development of the coal-fired domestic range fundamentally changed not just our domestic comforts, but our world. The revolution began as far back as the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, when London began the switch from wood to coal as its domestic fuel - a full 200 years before any other city. It would be this domestic demand for more coal that would lead to the expansion of mining, engineering, construction and industry: the Domestic Revolution kick-started, pushed and fuelled the Industrial Revolution. There were other radical shifts. Coal cooking was to change not just how we cooked but what we cooked (causing major swings in diet), how we washed (first our laundry and then our bodies) and how we decorated (spurring the wallpaper industry). It also defined the nature of women's and men's working lives, pushing women more firmly into the domestic sphere. It transformed our landscape and environment (by the time of Elizabeth's death in 1603, London's air was as polluted as that of modern Beijing). Even tea drinking can be brought back to coal in the home, with all its ramifications for the shape of the empire and modern world economics. Taken together, these shifts in our day-to-day practices started something big, something unprecedented, something that was exported across the globe and helped create the world we live in today.

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective
Author : Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-09-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080931630
Pages : 380 pages
GET BOOK!

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. The first of four volumes in the collection, Coal – Geology and Combustion, features chapters that discuss the origin of coal and coal fires; mining and use of coal; combustion and coal petrology; environmental and health impacts of coal fires; combustion by-products; geochemical, geophysical, and engineering methodologies for studying coal fires; the control, extinguishment, and political implications of coal fires; and much more. Integrates pioneering coal-fires research, with topical coverage of remote sensing, policymaking, and more Serves as an essential guide to the socio-economic and geo-environmental impacts of coal fires

Tropical Peatland Ecosystems
Author : Mitsuru Osaki,Nobuyuki Tsuji
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-07
ISBN 10 : 4431556818
Pages : 651 pages
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This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity and peatland management in tropical regions. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak and Southeast Thailand. Tropical peatland has a vital carbon–water storage function and is host to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Peatland ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the impacts of human activities such as logging, drainage and conversion to agricultural land. In Southeast Asia, severe episodic droughts associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, in combination with over-drainage, forest degradation, and land-use changes, have caused widespread peatland fires and microbial peat oxidation. Indonesia's 20 Mha peatland area is estimated to include about 45–55 GtC of carbon stocks. As a result of land use and development, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (2–3 Gtons carbon dioxide equivalent per year), 80 % of which is due to deforestation and peatland loss. Thus, tropical peatlands are key ecosystems in terms of the carbon–water cycle and climate change.

Indonesia's Fires and Haze
Author : David Glover,Timothy Jessup
Publisher : IDRC
Release Date : 2006-01-01
ISBN 10 : 1552503321
Pages : 170 pages
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From September to November of 1997, raging fires in Indonesia pumped enough smoke into the air to blanket the entire region in haze, reaching as far north as southern Thailand and the Philippines, with Malaysia and Singapore being particularly affected. This book conservatively assesses the damage at US $4.5 billion, more than the Exxon Valdez oil spill and India's Bhopal chemical spill combined. It looks at the causes of the fires, the physical damages that resulted, and their effects on heath, industrial production, and tourism, among others.