clinical dna variant interpretation

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Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation
Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-02-27
ISBN 10 : 0128205202
Pages : 436 pages

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, covers foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature, international consensus guidelines, population allele frequency, functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes, somatic mutations, somatic profiling, and much more. Compiles best practices, methods and sound evidence for DNA variant classification in one applied volume Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field Includes practical examples of variant classification for common and rare disorders, and across clinical phenotypes

Clinical Genomics
Author : Shashikant Kulkarni,John Pfeifer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-11-10
ISBN 10 : 0124051731
Pages : 488 pages

Clinical Genomics provides an overview of the various next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies that are currently used in clinical diagnostic laboratories. It presents key bioinformatic challenges and the solutions that must be addressed by clinical genomicists and genomic pathologists, such as specific pipelines for identification of the full range of variants that are clinically important. This book is also focused on the challenges of diagnostic interpretation of NGS results in a clinical setting. Its final sections are devoted to the emerging regulatory issues that will govern clinical use of NGS, and reimbursement paradigms that will affect the way in which laboratory professionals get paid for the testing. Simplifies complexities of NGS technologies for rapid education of clinical genomicists and genomic pathologists towards genomic medicine paradigm Tried and tested practice-based analysis for precision diagnosis and treatment plans Specific pipelines and meta-analysis for full range of clinically important variants

Clinical Genome Sequencing
Author : Aad Tibben,Barbara B. Biesecker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-03-30
ISBN 10 : 0128133368
Pages : 258 pages

Clinical Genome Sequencing: Psychological Aspects thoroughly details key psychological factors to consider while implementing genome sequencing in clinical practice, taking into account the subtleties of genetic risk assessment, patient consent and best practices for sharing genomic findings. Chapter contributions from leading international researchers and practitioners cover topics ranging from the current state of genomic testing, to patient consent, patient responses to sequencing data, common uncertainties, direct-to-consumer genomics, the role of genome sequencing in precision medicine, genetic counseling and genome sequencing, genome sequencing in pediatrics, genome sequencing in prenatal testing, and ethical issues in genome sequencing. Applied clinical case studies support concept illustration, making this an invaluable, practical reference for this important and multifaceted topic area within genomic medicine. Features contributions from leading international researchers and practitioners versed in the psychosocial dimensions of genomic medicine implementation Presents clinical case studies that support concept illustration, making this an invaluable reference for students, researchers, and clinicians looking for practical guidance in this important and multifaceted topic area Details the current state of genomic testing, expectations of genome sequencing, patient consent, patient responses to sequencing data, uncertainties in genome sequencing, direct-to-consumer genome sequencing, and more

Next Generation Sequencing
Author : Lee-Jun C. Wong
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-05-31
ISBN 10 : 1461470013
Pages : 302 pages

In recent years, owing to the fast development of a variety of sequencing technologies in the post human genome project era, sequencing analysis of a group of target genes, entire protein coding regions of the human genome, and the whole human genome has become a reality. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) or Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) technologies offers a way to screen for mutations in many different genes in a cost and time efficient manner by deep coverage of the target sequences. This novel technology has now been applied to clinical diagnosis of Mendelian disorders of well characterized or undefined diseases, discovery of new disease genes, noninvasive prenatal diagnosis using maternal blood, and population based carrier testing of severe autosomal recessive disorders. This book covers topics of these applications, including potential limitations and expanded application in the future. ​

Clinical Precision Medicine
Author : Judy S. Crabtree
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-15
ISBN 10 : 0128204028
Pages : 112 pages

Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Clinical Applications for Next-Generation Sequencing
Author : Urszula Demkow,Rafal Ploski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-09-10
ISBN 10 : 0128018410
Pages : 334 pages

Clinical Applications for Next Generation Sequencing provides readers with an outstanding postgraduate resource to learn about the translational use of NGS in clinical environments. Rooted in both medical genetics and clinical medicine, the book fills the gap between state-of-the-art technology and evidence-based practice, providing an educational opportunity for users to advance patient care by transferring NGS to the needs of real-world patients. The book builds an interface between genetic laboratory staff and clinical health workers to not only improve communication, but also strengthen cooperation. Users will find valuable tactics they can use to build a systematic framework for understanding the role of NGS testing in both common and rare diseases and conditions, from prenatal care, like chromosomal abnormalities, up to advanced age problems like dementia. Fills the gap between state-of-the-art technology and evidence-based practice Provides an educational opportunity which advances patient care through the transfer of NGS to real-world patient assessment Promotes a practical tool that clinicians can apply directly to patient care Includes a systematic framework for understanding the role of NGS testing in many common and rare diseases Presents evidence regarding the important role of NGS in current diagnostic strategies

Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay
Author : Lynne E. Maquat
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-02-28
ISBN 10 : 1498713394
Pages : 277 pages

Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay is the first book devoted to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). The rationale for such a book is the enormous information that studies of NMD have provided on the intricacies of post-transcriptional gene expression. The first five sections of the book are divided according to organism and begin with chapters on S. cere

Molecular Diagnostics
Author : George P. Patrinos,Wilhelm Ansorge,Phillip B. Danielson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-27
ISBN 10 : 0128029889
Pages : 520 pages

Molecular Diagnostics, Third Edition, focuses on the technologies and applications that professionals need to work in, develop, and manage a clinical diagnostic laboratory. Each chapter contains an expert introduction to each subject that is next to technical details and many applications for molecular genetic testing that can be found in comprehensive reference lists at the end of each chapter. Contents are divided into three parts, technologies, application of those technologies, and related issues. The first part is dedicated to the battery of the most widely used molecular pathology techniques. New chapters have been added, including the various new technologies involved in next-generation sequencing (mutation detection, gene expression, etc.), mass spectrometry, and protein-specific methodologies. All revised chapters have been completely updated, to include not only technology innovations, but also novel diagnostic applications. As with previous editions, each of the chapters in this section includes a brief description of the technique followed by examples from the area of expertise from the selected contributor. The second part of the book attempts to integrate previously analyzed technologies into the different aspects of molecular diagnostics, such as identification of genetically modified organisms, stem cells, pharmacogenomics, modern forensic science, molecular microbiology, and genetic diagnosis. Part three focuses on various everyday issues in a diagnostic laboratory, from genetic counseling and related ethical and psychological issues, to safety and quality management. Presents a comprehensive account of all new technologies and applications used in clinical diagnostic laboratories Explores a wide range of molecular-based tests that are available to assess DNA variation and changes in gene expression Offers clear translational presentations by the top molecular pathologists, clinical chemists, and molecular geneticists in the field

Genomic Disorders
Author : James R. Lupski,Pawel T. Stankiewicz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-11-10
ISBN 10 : 1597450391
Pages : 426 pages

A grand summary and synthesis of the tremendous amount of data now available in the post genomic era on the structural features, architecture, and evolution of the human genome. The authors demonstrate how such architectural features may be important to both evolution and to explaining the susceptibility to those DNA rearrangements associated with disease. Technologies to assay for such structural variation of the human genome and to model genomic disorders in mice are also presented. Two appendices detail the genomic disorders, providing genomic features at the locus undergoing rearrangement, their clinical features, and frequency of detection.

Human Reproductive Genetics
Author : Juan A. Garcia-Velasco,Emre Seli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-04-19
ISBN 10 : 0128167491
Pages : 340 pages

Human Reproductive Genetics: Emerging Technologies and Clinical Applications presents a great reference for clinicians and researchers in reproductive medicine. Part I includes a brief background of genetics and epigenetics, probability of disease, and the different techniques that are being used today for analysis and genetic counseling. Part II focuses on the analysis of the embryo, current controversies and future concepts. Part III comprises different clinical scenarios that clinicians frequently face in practice. The increasing amount of genetic tests available and the growing information that patients handle makes this section a relevant part of the fertility treatment discussion. Finally, Part IV concludes with the psychological aspects of genetic counseling and the role of counselor and bioethics in human reproduction. Provides an essential reference for clinicians involved in reproductive medicine Builds foundational knowledge on new genetic tests coming into the clinical scenario for physicians involved with patients Assembles critically evaluated chapters that cover basic concepts of genetics and epigenetics and the techniques involved, including preimplantation genetic testing, controversies, and more

Medical and Health Genomics
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-04
ISBN 10 : 0127999221
Pages : 358 pages

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Clinical Molecular Medicine
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-30
ISBN 10 : 0128094427
Pages : 606 pages

Clinical Molecular Medicine: Principles and Practice presents the latest scientific advances in molecular and cellular biology, including the development of new and effective drug and biological therapies and diagnostic methods. The book provides medical and biomedical students and researchers with a clear and clinically relevant understanding on the molecular basis of human disease. With an increased focus on new practice concepts, such as stratified, personalized and precision medicine, this book is a valuable and much-needed resource that unites the core principles of molecular biology with the latest and most promising genomic advances. Illustrates the fundamental principles and therapeutic applications of molecular and cellular biology Offers a clinically focused account of molecular heterogeneity Includes comprehensive coverage of many different disorders, including growth and development, cardiovascular, metabolic, skin, blood, digestive, inflammatory, neuropsychiatric disorders, and many more