|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2013-11-27|
|ISBN 10||: 1489967044|
|Pages||: 639 pages|
This is the third edition of the translation, by Laurence Garey, of "Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde" by Korbinian Brodmann, originally published by Barth-Verlag in Leipzig in 1909. It is one of the major "classics" of the neurological world. Even today it forms the basis for so-called "localisation" of function in the cerebral cortex. Brodmann's "areas" are still used to designate functional regions in the cortex, the part of the brain that brings the world that surrounds us into consciousness, and which governs our responses to the world. For example, we use "area 4" for the "motor" cortex, with which we control our muscles, "area 17" for "visual" cortex, with which we see, and so on. This nomenclature is used by neurologists and neurosurgeons in the human context, as well as by experimentalists in various animals. Indeed, Brodmann's famous "maps" of the cerebral cortex of humans, monkeys and other mammals must be among the most commonly reproduced figures in neurobiological publishing. The most famous of all is that of the human brain. There can be few textbooks of neurology, neurophysiology or neuroanatomy in which Brodmann is not cited, and his concepts pervade most research publications on systematic neurobiology. In spite of this, few people have ever seen a copy of the 1909 monograph, and even fewer have actually read it! There had never been a complete English translation available until the first edition of the present translation of 1994, and the original book had been almost unavailable for 50 years or more, the few antiquarian copies still around commanding high prices. As Laurence Garey, too, used Brodmann’s findings and maps in his neurobiological work, and had the good fortune to have access to a copy of the book, he decided to read the complete text and soon discovered that this was much more than just a report of laboratory findings of a turn-of-the-twentieth-century neurologist. It was an account of neurobiological thinking at that time, covering aspects of comparative neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and neuropathology, as well as giving a fascinating insight into the complex relationships between European neurologists during the momentous times when the neuron theory was still new.
One of the major neuroscience publications of the past few years, Cingulate Neurobiology and Disease presents the definitive review of the cingulate cortex, explaining its critical role in a host of diseases and illnesses.
|Author||: Sanford J. Larson|
|Release Date||: 1962|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Cingulate Cortex, Volume 166 summarizes research on the cingulate cortex, including its structure and function in health and how it is compromised in disease or trauma. Chapters discuss the cingulate organization by region and area, cover its function in consciousness, attention, social cognition and spatial orientation, review neurological disorders with cingulate involvement, including neurodegenerative disorders, movement disorders, Parkinson’s, ADHD, Cognitive impairment, Palsy, Tourette’s Syndrome, chronic pain, seizures, and more. Final sections discuss the relationship between the cingulate cortex, stress and psychiatric disorders. Coverage here includes PTSD, anxiety, depression, and evidence-based treatment for same. Identifies the structure and function of all areas and regions of the cingulate cortex Discusses its role in sensory-motor, cognitive and emotional processing Covers cingulate-mediated neurological and psychiatric disorders Supplies evidence-based treatment for cingulate mediated disorders
This text focuses on various aspects of how information is encoded, stored and retrieved in higher organisms, including humans. Chapters dealing with physiological perspectives cover changes in neuronal tissues and transmitters, and those with a cognitive approach address more complex actions.
Diffusion MRI remains the most comprehensive reference for understanding this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and is an essential handbook for designing, analyzing, and interpreting diffusion MR experiments. Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo. This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie. Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout
|Author||: Jordan Grafman,Keith James Holyoak,François Boller|
|Release Date||: 1995|
|Pages||: 411 pages|
This volume contains papers that deal with the structure and functions of the human prefrontal cortex, including a review of recent work on its neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neural development and degeneration, and neuropsychology. In addition, papers focus on novel and competing theories of human prefrontal cortical functions, utilising convergent evidence from the fields of comparative neuropsychology, cognitive sciences, artificial intelligence, neuropsychiatry, and cognitive neuropsychology. The book provides a broad overview on the subject of the human prefrontal cortex and integration of human prefrontal cortical functioning, and offer in-depth comparisons of alternative testable theories of human prefrontal cortical functions.
While this book is intended to be an introduction to the neuroanatomy of the limbic system and to studies of the behavior of animals in which the limbic system is stimulated or damaged, it is primarily intended for advanced students of brain-behavior relationships. I have assumed the reader to have some under standing of the structure of the brain, of basic neurophysiology, and of modern behavioral techniques. It has been written for students in graduate programs in psychobiology, physiological psychology, and the neurosciences, but it also should be of interest to some medical students and to others with catholic interests in the biology of behavior. In the first chapter, I review the structure of the limbic system and in subsequent chapters consider the behavioral effects of lesions and stimulation of components of the limbic system. Supplement information derived from recording the electrical signals of the brain is included where it seems appropriate. The final chapter presents a perspective of the limbic system related to brain stem mechanisms and the neocortex. Understanding the behavioral contributions of the limbic system presupposes under standing how the limbic system interacts with other systems of the brain. v Preface vi Even though there is only one chapter overtly devoted to theoretical issues. various biases of mine influence all chapters. Anyone reading the book with a critical attitude will soon be aware of them. I would like to alert the reader to some of them ahead of time.
The Brain and Emotion provides a modern neuroscience-based approach to information processing in the brain, and deals especially with the information processing involved in emotion, motivation, and reward. It uncovers many fundamental principles about how the brain works and about brain design through evolution by natural selection. It will be a key text for researchers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in the fields of neuroscience, psychology, medicine, biology, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence. It will also be of interest to all those concerned with and fascinated by the wider issues of what emotions are, why we have emotions and pleasure, and why emotions may not always appear to be adaptive in humans.