chitosan in drug delivery

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Chitosan in Drug Delivery
Author : Md Saquib Hasnain,Amit Kumar Nayak,Sarwar Beg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-12-01
ISBN 10 : 0128193379
Pages : 420 pages

Chitosan in Drug Delivery provides thorough insights into chitosan chemistry, collection, chemical modifications, characterization and applications in the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare fields. The book explores molecular weight, degree of deacetylation and molecular geometry, emphasizing recent advances in the field as written by academic, industry and regulatory scientists. It will be a useful resource for pharmaceutical scientists, including industrial pharmacists, analytical scientists, postgraduate students, health care professionals and regulatory scientists actively involved in pharmaceutical product and process development in natural polymers containing drug delivery. Provides methodologies for the design, development and selection of chitosan in drug delivery for particular therapeutic applications Includes illustrations demonstrating the mechanism of biological interaction of chitosan Discusses the regulatory aspects and demonstrates the clinical efficacy of chitosan

Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications
Author : Lambertus A. M. van den Broek,Carmen G. Boeriu,Christian V. Stevens
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-01-28
ISBN 10 : 1119450438
Pages : 536 pages

Offers a comprehensive guide to the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. These promising biomaterials have the potential to be broadly applied and there is a growing market for these biopolymers in areas such as medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, agricultural, textile, cosmetics, nanoparticles and more. The authors – noted experts in the field – explore the isolation, characterization and the physical and chemical properties of chitin and chitosan. They also examine their properties such as hydrogels, immunomodulation and biotechnology, antimicrobial activity and chemical enzymatic modifications. The book offers an analysis of the myriad medical and pharmaceutical applications as well as a review of applications in other areas. In addition, the authors discuss regulations, markets and perspectives for the use of chitin and chitosan. This important book: Offers a thorough review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. Contains information on the wide-ranging applications and growing market demand for chitin and chitosan Includes a discussion of current regulations and the outlook for the future Written for Researchers in academia and industry who are working in the fields of chitin and chitosan, Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications offers a review of these promising biomaterials that have great potential due to their material properties and biological functionalities.

Functional Chitosan
Author : Sougata Jana,Subrata Jana
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-04-10
ISBN 10 : 9811502633
Pages : 489 pages

Thanks to their unique properties, chitosan and chitosan-based materials have numerous applications in the field of biomedicine, especially in drug delivery. This book examines biomedical applications of functional chitosan, exploring the various functions and applications in the development of chitosan-based biomaterials. It also describes the chemical structure of chitosan and discusses the relationship between their structure and functions, providing a theoretical basis for the design of biomaterials. Lastly, it reviews chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and gene delivery.

Author : Rajendra Dongre
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-18
ISBN 10 : 1789234069
Pages : 382 pages

Chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer after cellulose and is a resourceful copious and cheap biomaterial discovered in 1859 owing to significant industrial and technological utility. Raw chitin-chitosan resembles keratin in its biological functions. Chitin chemistry vastly developed via innate unparalleled biological features and exceptional physicochemical characters. Chitosan endures assorted chemical/physical modifications easily at free proactive functionalities, yet intact bulk properties are achieved through processing, viz., film, membrane, composite, hybrid, nanofibre, nanoparticle, hydrogel and scaffolds. Rapidly lessen bioresources signify chitosan as an option due to renewable eco-friendliness and drive embryonic myriad applications in S

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides
Author : Emad Shalaby
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-01-11
ISBN 10 : 9535128590
Pages : 328 pages

Marine organisms have been under research for the last decades as a source for different active compounds with various biological activities and application in agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, environment, and industries. Marine polysaccharides from these active compounds are used as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, bioremediations, etc. During the last three decades, several important factors that control the production of phytoplankton polysaccharides have been identified such as chemical concentrations, temperature, light, etc. The current book includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around the world; the chapters are categorized into three sections: Marine Polysaccharides and Agriculture, Marine Polysaccharides and Biological Activities, and Marine Polysaccharides and Industries.

Particulate Technology for Delivery of Therapeutics
Author : Sougata Jana,Subrata Jana
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-10-09
ISBN 10 : 9811036470
Pages : 451 pages

The book focuses on novel particulate technologies for the purpose of drug delivery to humans. Nowadays, macro and nano-scale particles are being investigated for targeted delivery of small and large biological macromolecules. The targeting of drugs can minimize the dosage regimen and reduces dose related potential toxicity of drug molecules, which in turn lead to increased potential compliance. Various types of organic, inorganic and polymer particles are currently being investigated. These are attracting the attention of the research workers in the field of drug delivery science and technology. This book covers polymersomes, inorganic- organic composites, gold nanoparticles biopolymer and synthetic polymer particles etc.All aspects of drug delivery in relation to each technology have been described including these advances, Easy to read and understand the content of each chapter Rich in up-to-date information regarding their application.

Chitosan: Strategies to Increase and Modulate Drug Release Rate
Author : David Lucio
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2017
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Chitin is the second most abundant polysaccharide present in nature; however, chitin has more applications when transformed into chitosan (CS). It is biocompatible, biodegradable, mucoadhesive, soluble in acidic-solutions, nontoxic and nonallergenic. The main drawback of chitosan in pharmaceutical procedures is its low solubility in physiological medium. Chitosan shows physicochemical characteristics that allow it to interact with a wide variety of molecules. This is of particular interest when increasing the solubility of poor water-soluble drugs. For this purpose, chitosan can be used in oral, nasal and ocular routes. In order to modulate drug release rate and achieve a proper drug delivery in physiological medium, some parameters can be modified when solid dispersions or nanoparticles (NPs) based on chitosan are being designed. In case of nanoparticles, chitosan can be used as the main component or as a modifying agent. In order to optimize drug loading and drug delivery, response surface methodology (RSM) is an interesting tool usually underestimated in the pharmaceutical field, which allows us to optimize the parameters involved in the process simultaneously and not by different steps, which usually lead to mistakes.

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications
Author : Md Saquib Hasnain,Amit Kumar Nayak
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-23
ISBN 10 : 0128170565
Pages : 654 pages

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides a fundamental overview of natural polysaccharides, their sources, extraction methodologies, and characterizations. It covers specific natural polysaccharides and their effective application in drug delivery and biomedical use. Additionally, chapters in the book discuss key topics including the sources and extraction methodologies of natural polysaccharides, their role in tissue engineering applications, polysaccharide-based nanoparticles in biomedical applications, and their role in the delivery of anticancer drugs. Written by industry leaders and edited by experts, this book emphasizes recent advances made in the field. Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides academics, researchers, and pharmaceutical health care professionals with a comprehensive book on polysaccharides in pharmaceutical delivery process. Provides fundamental concepts of natural polysaccharides as it applies to the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and biotechnology industries Includes contributions from global leaders and experts from academia, industry, and regulatory agencies in the application of natural polysaccharides in pharmaceutical products and biomedical utilization Offers practical examples, illustrations, chemical structures, and research case studies to help explain natural polysaccharides concepts in drug delivery and biomedical applications

Polysaccharide based Nano-Biocarrier in Drug Delivery
Author : Tapan Kumar Giri,Bijaya Ghosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
ISBN 10 : 0429830661
Pages : 368 pages

This book discusses various fundamental aspects of polysaccharide based nano-biocarrier drug delivery systems and its application in the delivery of small molecules, proteins, peptides, oligonucleotides and genes. It also discusses advances in drug delivery systems in treatment of cancer, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and infectious diseases.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 36
Author : Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-04
ISBN 10 : 3030165817
Pages : 428 pages

This book reviews recent research and applications of chitin and chitosan, as natural alternatives of fossil fuel products, in medicine and pharmacy, agriculture, food science and water treatment. Chitin and chitosan products are polysaccharides derived from food waste of crustaceans and fungi, and thus are cheap, abundant, sustainable, non-toxic, recyclable and biocompatible. Remarkable applications include food additives and preservation, packaging materials, biopesticides and fertilisers, drug delivery, tissue engineering, bioflocculation and dye removal.

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1
Author : Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-09-26
ISBN 10 : 0081002572
Pages : 342 pages

Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Volume 1, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book looks at the fundamentals of chitosan-based biomaterials. Contains specific focus on the techniques and technologies needed to develop chitosan for biomedical applications Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals Provides contributions from leading researchers with extensive experience in chitosan

Nanoparticles in Life Sciences and Biomedicine
Author : Ana Rute Neves,Salette Reis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-02-13
ISBN 10 : 1351207342
Pages : 552 pages

The creation of new and more efficient therapies for improving human health greatly depends on drug delivery systems. Nanotechnology has emerged as a powerful strategy for the development of nanoparticles, such as nanoemulsions, liposomes, nanocrystals, and nanocomplexes, applied in the diagnosis, treatment, or theranostics of several pathologies and diseases. This book reviews the most recent research and development in nanotechnology and, following a multidisciplinary approach, presents new strategies for drug delivery, including aspects from chemistry, physics, biology, and imaging methodologies and exploiting several administration routes, internalization pathways, site-specific delivery strategies, and the potential cytotoxicity of nanoparticles. Beginning with a description of the importance and application of nanotechnology for enhancing existing therapy, the book moves on to detailing oral, topical, pulmonary, brain, cancer, and anti-inflammatory drug delivery approaches; gene delivery approaches; theranostic approaches; and nanoparticle cytotoxicity. Practical and user friendly, it is suitable for advanced undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of nanoscience and nanotechnology; researchers in nanoscience, nanotechnology, chemistry, biology, biochemistry, pharmaceutical sciences, medicine, and bioengineering, especially those with an interest in drug delivery or theranostics; and academia and university readership.

Chitosan-Based Hydrogels
Author : Kangde Yao,Junjie Li,Fanglian Yao,Yuji Yin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
ISBN 10 : 1439821151
Pages : 521 pages

Due to their unique properties, chitosan-based materials have emerged as useful resources in a variety of medicines, drug controlled-release carriers, tissue engineering scaffolds, and immobilized enzymes. But many of these materials have yet to reach the commercial market. Therefore, more work must be completed to fill the gap between research and production. Exploring the state of the field, Chitosan-Based Hydrogels: Functions and Applications details the latest progress in the research and development of chitosan-based biomaterials. The book introduces the formation and chemical structure of chitosan-based hydrogels. It also discusses the relationship between their structure and functions, which provides a theoretical basis for the design of biomaterials. In addition, many real-world examples illustrate the potential application of chitosan-based hydrogels in various areas, including materials science, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, regenerative medicine, and cell engineering. By examining the structure and functions of chitosan-based hydrogels in living systems, this book provides the foundation for future research. It encourages readers to contribute to further research and development of these unique biomaterials.

Polysaccharides in Advanced Drug Delivery
Author : Akhilesh Vikram Singh,Bang-Jing Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-03-24
ISBN 10 : 1000050866
Pages : 198 pages

This book contains selective chapters from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary arena of material science and its use in drug delivery. From their recent research experience, the readers can achieve a wide vision on the new and ongoing potentialities of polysaccharides and its application in the field of advanced drug delivery. This book contains selective polymers that were recently explored in the field of drug delivery such as starch, konjac, chitosan, alginate and other natural polymers originated from sea. It also has one chapter exclusively on nanotechnology that explains multifaceted application of natural polymer in the field of advanced drug delivery. Note: T& F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Advanced Technology for Delivering Therapeutics
Author : Sabyasachi Maiti,Kalyan Kumar Sen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-05-11
ISBN 10 : 9535131214
Pages : 184 pages

The goal of any novel drug delivery system is to provide therapeutic benefits to the patients by increasing duration of drug action, reducing dosing frequency, and controlling drug release rate at the target site, thereby reducing unwanted side effects. Advanced Technology for Delivering Therapeutics is a reference book that covers recent developments in the field of drug delivery science and technology. The purpose of this book is to bring together descriptions of some selective technologies including new and promising nanotechnology currently being investigated for drug delivery applications. This book is a useful source of information for graduate and post-graduate students of pharmacy and biomedical science; pharmaceutical

Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes
Author : John Zikakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
ISBN 10 : 0323149979
Pages : 448 pages

Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes documents the proceedings of a four-day joint United States-Japan seminar held at the University of Delaware. The said seminar is aimed to explore the potential of the application of chitin, chitosan, and related products in different scientific fields. The book is divided into six parts. Part I covers the application of chitin and chitosan to pharmaceutical preparations. Part II discusses the applications of chitin and its derivatives. Part III features chitin and chitosan in relation to enzymology and genetic engineering. Respectively covered in Parts IV, V, and VI are the chemical and physical structure of chitin and chitosan; biochemical and physiological properties of chitin and its derivatives; the effects of phosphate on chitin production; and the development of chitin as a suture as well as for orthopedic uses. The text is recommended for biochemists who would like to know more or make further studies about the different applications of chitin, chitosan, and related enzymes.

Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Author : Sivakumar Joghi Thatha Gowder
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-07-02
ISBN 10 : 9535116207
Pages : 358 pages

The book "Pharmacology and Therapeutics" targets every aspect of the mechanisms for the chemical actions of both traditional and novel drugs. This book covers six sections: Molecular Modeling and Bio-molecular Pharmacology, Immunopharmacology, Environmental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Nanotechnology and Chemotherapy, Drugs and Drug Delivery System and Addiction Pharmacology. Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, cellular and molecular biology, microbiology, immunology, genetics, and pathology. This book will be a significant source to scientists, physicians, health care professionals and students who are interested to explore the effect of chemical agents on human life.

Advances in Chitin/Chitosan Characterization and Applications
Author : Marguerite Rinaudo,Francisco M. Goycoolea
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-04-23
ISBN 10 : 3038978027
Pages : 414 pages

Functional advanced biopolymers have received far less attention than renewable biomass (cellulose, rubber, etc.) used for energy production. Among the most advanced biopolymers known is chitosan. The term chitosan refers to a family of polysaccharides obtained by partial de-N-acetylation from chitin, one of the most abundant renewable resources in the biosphere. Chitosan has been firmly established as having unique material properties as well as biological activities. Either in its native form or as a chemical derivative, chitosan is amenable to being processed—typically under mild conditions—into soft materials such as hydrogels, colloidal nanoparticles, or nanofibers. Given its multiple biological properties, including biodegradability, antimicrobial effects, gene transfectability, and metal adsorption—to name but a few—chitosan is regarded as a widely versatile building block in various sectors (e.g., agriculture, food, cosmetics, pharmacy) and for various applications (medical devices, metal adsorption, catalysis, etc.). This Special Issue presents an updated account addressing some of the major applications, including also chemical and enzymatic modifications of oligos and polymers. A better understanding of the properties that underpin the use of chitin and chitosan in different fields is key for boosting their more extensive industrial utilization, as well as to aid regulatory agencies in establishing specifications, guidelines, and standards for the different types of products and applications.

Drug Delivery
Author : Yitzhak Rosen,Pablo Gurman,Noel Elman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-09-19
ISBN 10 : 1351643851
Pages : 602 pages

Integrating the clinical and engineering aspects of drug delivery, this book offers a much needed comprehensive overview and patient-oriented approach for enhanced drug delivery optimization and advancement. Starting with an introduction to the subject and pharmacokinetics, it explores advances for such topics as oral, gastroretentive, intravitreal, and intrathecal drug delivery, as well as insulin delivery, gene delivery, and biomaterials-based delivery systems. It also describes drug delivery in cancer, cardiac, infectious diseases, airway diseases, and obstetrics and gynecology applications. Examining special clinical states requiring innovative drug delivery modifications, such as hypercoagulability often seen in pregnancy, cancer, and autoimmune diseases, the book also discusses methods for improved drug delivery in clinical settings using clinical end points, clinical trials, simulations, and other venues. It also describes the latest drug delivery advances involving nanomaterials, NEMS and MEMS devices, hydrogels, microencapsulation, lipids, stem cells, patches, and ultrasound. The book is rounded out by a chapter on the FDA regulatory and bioethical challenges involved in advancing drug delivery.

NanoAgroceuticals & NanoPhytoChemicals
Author : Bhupinder Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-11-19
ISBN 10 : 1351139274
Pages : 331 pages

This book volume encompasses the recent trends made in the applications of nanoscale tools for diverse constituents of plants and agriculture, particularly in addressing the critical issues related to their safety, efficacy, and efficient and cost-efficient development and production.