cellular and animal models in human genomics research

Download Cellular And Animal Models In Human Genomics Research ebooks in PDF, epub, tuebl, textbook from Skinvaders.Com. Read online Cellular And Animal Models In Human Genomics Research books on any device easily. We cannot guarantee that Cellular And Animal Models In Human Genomics Research book is available. Click download or Read Online button to get book, you can choose FREE Trial service. READ as many books as you like (Personal use).

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-30
ISBN 10 : 012816574X
Pages : 226 pages
GET BOOK!

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research provides an indispensable resource for applying comparative genomics in the annotation of disease-gene associated variants that are identified by human genomic sequencing. The book presents a thorough overview of effective protocols for the use of cellular and animal modeling methods to turn lists of plausible genes into causative biomarkers. With chapters written by international experts, the book first addresses the fundamental aspects of using cellular and animal models in genetic and genomic studies, including in-depth examples of specific models and their utility, i.e., yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice and large animals. Protocols for properly conducting model studies, genomic technology, modeling candidate genes vs. genetic variants, integrative modeling, utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells, and employing CRISPR-Cas9 are also discussed in-depth. Provides a thorough, accessible resource that helps researchers and students employ cellular and animal models in their own genetic and genomic studies Offers guidance on how to effectively interpret the results and significance of genetic and genomic model studies for human health Features chapters from international experts in the use of specific cellular and animal models, including yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice, and large animals, among other organisms

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-30
ISBN 10 : 012816574X
Pages : 226 pages
GET BOOK!

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research provides an indispensable resource for applying comparative genomics in the annotation of disease-gene associated variants that are identified by human genomic sequencing. The book presents a thorough overview of effective protocols for the use of cellular and animal modeling methods to turn lists of plausible genes into causative biomarkers. With chapters written by international experts, the book first addresses the fundamental aspects of using cellular and animal models in genetic and genomic studies, including in-depth examples of specific models and their utility, i.e., yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice and large animals. Protocols for properly conducting model studies, genomic technology, modeling candidate genes vs. genetic variants, integrative modeling, utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells, and employing CRISPR-Cas9 are also discussed in-depth. Provides a thorough, accessible resource that helps researchers and students employ cellular and animal models in their own genetic and genomic studies Offers guidance on how to effectively interpret the results and significance of genetic and genomic model studies for human health Features chapters from international experts in the use of specific cellular and animal models, including yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice, and large animals, among other organisms

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-05-29
ISBN 10 : 0124159125
Pages : 1108 pages
GET BOOK!

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease

Handbook of Models for Human Aging
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-04-28
ISBN 10 : 9780080460062
Pages : 1075 pages
GET BOOK!

The Handbook of Models for Human Aging is designed as the only comprehensive work available that covers the diversity of aging models currently available. For each animal model, it presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting life span, methods of age determination, use in research, and disadvantages/advantes of use. Chapters on comparative models take a broad sweep of age-related diseases, from Alzheimer's to joint disease, cataracts, cancer, and obesity. In addition, there is an historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods, and ethical issues. Utilizes a multidisciplinary approach Shows tricks and approaches not available in primary publications First volume of its kind to combine both methods of study for human aging and animal models Over 200 illustrations

Animal Biotechnology
Author : Ashish S. Verma,Anchal Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-06-11
ISBN 10 : 0128117257
Pages : 798 pages
GET BOOK!

Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, Second Edition, provides a helpful guide to anyone seeking a thorough review of animal biotechnology and its application to human disease and welfare. This updated edition covers vital fundamentals, including animal cell cultures, genome sequencing analysis, epigenetics and animal models, gene expression, and ethics and safety concerns, along with in-depth examples of implications for human health and prospects for the future. New chapters cover animal biotechnology as applied to various disease types and research areas, including in vitro fertilization, human embryonic stem cell research, biosensors, enteric diseases, biopharming, organ transplantation, tuberculosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and more. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals, with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Offers first-hand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, animal cultures, tissue engineering, ADME and CAM Assay Includes case studies that illustrate safety assessment issues, ethical considerations, and intellectual property rights associated with the translation of animal biotechnology studies

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery
Author : Asfar Azmi,Ramzi M. Mohammad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-04-16
ISBN 10 : 0128147059
Pages : 470 pages
GET BOOK!

Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery brings forward the most cutting-edge developments in tumor model systems for translational cancer research. The reader can find under this one volume virtually all types of existing and emerging tumor models in use by the research community. This book provides a deeper insight on how these newer models could de-risk modern drug discovery. Areas covered include up to date information on latest organoid derived models and newer genetic models. Additionally, the book discusses humanized animal tumor models for cancer immunotherapy and how they leverage personalized therapies. The chapter on larger animal, canine models and their use in and their use in pre-investigational new drug (pre-IND) development makes the volume unique. Unlike before, the incorporation of several simplified protocols, breeding methodologies, handling and assessment procedures to study drug intervention makes this book a must read. Animal Models in Cancer Drug Discovery is a valuable resource for basic and translational cancer researchers, drug discovery researchers, contract research organizations, and knowledge seekers at all levels in the biomedical field. Encompasses discussions on innovative animal models, xenograft, genetic models, primary models, organoid systems, humanized and other models in modern biology paradigms that are enhancing research in the field of drug discover Covers the use of these models in personalized medicine, immunotherapy, toxicology, pre-IND assessments and related drug development arenas Presents protocols, procedures, and a comprehensive glossary to help new readers understand technical terms and specialized nomenclature

Animal Models for Microbiome Research
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2018-04-23
ISBN 10 : 0309463912
Pages : 114 pages
GET BOOK!

The surface of the human body and its mucous membranes are heavily colonized by microorganisms. Our understanding of the contributions that complex microbial communities make to health and disease is advancing rapidly. Most microbiome research to date has focused on the mouse as a model organism for delineating the mechanisms that shape the assembly and dynamic operations of microbial communities. However, the mouse is not a perfect surrogate for studying different aspects of the microbiome and how it responds to various environmental and host stimuli, and as a result, researchers have been conducting microbiome studies in other animals. To examine the different animal models researchers employ in microbiome studies and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of these model organisms as they relate to human and nonhuman health and disease, the Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in December 2016. The workshop participants explored how to improve the depth and breadth of analysis of microbial communities using various model organisms, the challenges of standardization and biological variability that are inherent in gnotobiotic animal-based research, the predictability and translatability of preclinical studies to humans, and strategies for expanding the infrastructure and tools for conducting studies in these types of models. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Animal Models in Eye Research
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-04-28
ISBN 10 : 9780080921037
Pages : 232 pages
GET BOOK!

The eye is a complex sensory organ, which enables visual perception of the world. Thus the eye has several tissues that do different tasks. One of the most basic aspects of eye function is the sensitivity of cells to light and its transduction though the optic nerve to the brain. Different organisms use different ways to achieve these tasks. In this sense, eye function becomes a very important evolutionary aspect as well. This book presents the different animal models that are commonly used for eye research and their uniqueness in evaluating different aspects of eye development, evolution, physiology and disease. * Presents information on the major animal models used in eye research including invertebrates and vertebrates * Provides researchers with information needed to choose between model organisms * Includes an introductory chapter on the different types of eyes, stressing possible common molecular machinery

Experimental Animal Models of Human Diseases
Author : Bartholomew Ibeh
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-23
ISBN 10 : 1789231647
Pages : 408 pages
GET BOOK!

The world has recorded losses in terms of human life as well as extensive time spent in experimentation with development of new drugs, elucidation of disease mechanism(s), and therapeutic agent discovery. Ethical and legal issues cojoin in slowing down scientific discoveries in medicine and biology. The past two (2) decades, therefore, have seen tremendous attempts that largely are successful in developing animal models with the characteristics of mimicking, approximating, or expressing transplanted human organs/tissues. These models or rather approaches seem to be fast, cost-effective, and easy to maintain compared to primates. This book is a collection of expert essays on animal models of human diseases of global interest. A visible objective of the book is to provide real-time experimental approach to scientists, clinicians, ethicists, medicolegal/medical jurisprudence workers, immunologists, postgraduate students, and vaccinologists and informative and multidisciplinary approach for the identification of new therapeutic targets and biomarkers using animal models as well as investigating the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategies of human diseases. An increased understanding of the genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms responsible for the development of human diseases has laid out the foundation for the development of rational therapies mainly with animal models.

Advancing Disease Modeling in Animal-Based Research in Support of Precision Medicine
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2018-05-29
ISBN 10 : 0309471192
Pages : 138 pages
GET BOOK!

Precision medicine is focused on the individual and will require the rapid and accurate identification and prioritization of causative factors of disease. To move forward and accelerate the delivery of the anticipated benefits of precision medicine, developing predictable, reproducible, and reliable animal models will be essential. In order to explore the topic of animal-based research and its relevance to precision medicine, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 2-day workshop on October 5 and 6, 2017. The workshop was designed to focus on the development, implementation, and interpretation of model organisms to advance and accelerate the field of precision medicine. Participants examined the extent to which next-generation animal models, designed using patient data and phenotyping platforms targeted to reveal and inform disease mechanisms, will be essential to the successful implementation of precision medicine. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Human Genome Editing
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2017-08-13
ISBN 10 : 0309452880
Pages : 328 pages
GET BOOK!

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Cancer Models
Author : Michael Breitenbach,Jens Hoffmann
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-02-05
ISBN 10 : 288945701X
Pages : 174 pages
GET BOOK!

Cancer research, like research on other diseases, highly depends on representative and reliable model systems. In the Research Topic “Cancer Models”, we collected original papers and review articles addressing the topic of tumor modeling from molecular biology, biochemistry, microorganisms, cells and organoids, fishes, animals and xenografts, up to computational cancer models and patient data analysis. This representative eBook describes that there is not a single molecular defined tumor but rather a heterogenic and highly variable complex of different individual diseases. This is what makes research on cancer so difficult, expensive, and explains the broad number of models needed for research. Our authors describe new next-generation sequencing-based methods to analyze complex patterns of chromosomal aberrations in order to understand the molecular biology of tumorigenesis as well as the role of cellular senescence and dormancy in the aetiology of tumor formation and development of therapy resistance of tumors. The current developments on 3D cultures are thoroughly reviewed, as these models help to overcome the current limitations of cell cultures and allow a more accurate mimicry of the native cancer tissue, including cellular heterogeneity and restore specific biochemical and morphological. Reviews about tumor models in zebrafish, different transgenic mouse strains and pigs conclude the book. In the final two chapters of this volume, the authors discuss the theoretical and mathematical models developed in cancer research.

Update on Dementia
Author : Davide Moretti
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-09-28
ISBN 10 : 9535126547
Pages : 558 pages
GET BOOK!

The dementia challenge is the largest health effort of the times we live in. The whole society has to move to a realization of the significance of prioritization to make an attempt in the direction of mental health promotion and dementia risk reduction. New priorities for research are needed to go far beyond the usual goal of constructing a disease course-modifying medication. Moreover, a full empowerment and engagement of men and women living with dementia and their caregivers, overcoming stigma and discrimination should be promoted. The common efforts and the final aim will have to be the progress of a ''dementia-constructive'' world, where people with dementia can take advantage of equal opportunities.

Functional Analysis of the Human Genome
Author : F. Farzaneh,D. N. Cooper
Publisher : Garland Science
Release Date : 2020-09-11
ISBN 10 : 1000140962
Pages : 256 pages
GET BOOK!

An excellent review of the relationship between structure and function in the human genome, and a detailed description of some of the important methodologies for unravelling the function of genes and genomic structures.

The Mouse in Animal Genetics and Breeding Research
Author : Eugene J Eisen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2005-06-27
ISBN 10 : 1783260262
Pages : 376 pages
GET BOOK!

The sequencing of the mouse genome has placed the mouse front and center as the most important mammalian genetics model. However, no recent volume has detailed the genetic contributions the mouse has made across the spectrum of the life sciences; this book aims to fill that vacuum. Mouse genetics research has made enormous contributions to the understanding of basic genetics, human genetics, and livestock genetics and breeding. The wide-ranging topics in the book include the mouse genome sequencing effort, molecular dissection of quantitative traits, embryo biotechnology, ENU mutagenesis, and genetics of disease resistance, and have been written by experts in their respective fields. Chapter 1: The Beginnings - Ode To A Wee Mouse (58 KB) Contents:The Beginnings: Ode to a Wee Mouse (E J Eisen)Testing Quantitative Genetic Selection Theory (E J Eisen)Maternal Effects, Genomic Imprinting and Evolution (J Funk-Keenan & W R Atchley)Inbreeding and Crossbreeding (G A Brockmann)Genotype by Environment Interaction: Lessons From the Mouse (W D Hohenboken)Genetics of Growth in the Mouse (J M Cheverud)Genetics of Body Composition and Metabolic Rate (L Bünger & W G Hill)Genetics of Reproduction (M K Nielsen)Genetics of Behavior (R J Hitzemann)Genetics of Disease Resistance (S L Ewart & R A Ramadas)Genomic Dissection of Complex Trait Predisposition (D Pomp)Mouse Mutagenesis (D R Beier)Embryo Biotechnologies (C A Pinkert & M J Martin)Transgenics (J D Murray & E A Maga)The Mouse in Biomedical Research (R B Roberts & D W Threadgill)The Mouse Genome Sequencing Project: An Overview (M C Wendl et al.) Readership: Researchers, teachers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in genetics, genomics, biotechnology, bioinformatics, animal breeding and zoology. Key Features:Covers the methods used to find genes in the mouse that affect complex genetic traitsCuts across biomedical and bioagricultural applicationsNo competing titles availableKeywords:Genetics;Mouse;Biotechnology;Genome Sequencing;Quantitative Genetics;Transgenics;Growth;Reproduction;Biomedical Genetics;Biomedical Genetics;Behavior;Maternal Genetics;ENU Mutagenesis

Animal Models in Diabetes Research
Author : Hans-Georg Joost,Hadi Al-Hasani,Annette Schürmann
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2012-08-15
ISBN 10 : 9781627030670
Pages : 325 pages
GET BOOK!

In recent years, human studies have made enormous contributions towards an understanding of the genetic basis of diabetes mellitus; however, most of the experimentation needed for the invention and testing of novel therapeutic approaches cannot be performed in humans. Thus, there is no alternative to appropriate animal models. In Animal Models in Diabetes Research, expert researchers explore the current status of the most important models and procedures in order to provide a timely resource in experimental diabetology. The first half of the volume serves as a comprehensive overview on our current knowledge of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of diabetes in animal models through a series of reviews in model strains. The book then continues with vital, established protocols that are employed in the characterization and study of animal models of diabetes. As a volume in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series, this work contains the type of detailed description and key implementation advice necessary to achieve successful results. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Animal Models in Diabetes Research delivers essential content that will be an important resource to advance diabetes research in the years to come.

Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine
Author : Sandosh Padmanabhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-04-28
ISBN 10 : 0123868831
Pages : 1118 pages
GET BOOK!

Handbook of Pharmacogenomics and Stratified Medicine is a comprehensive resource to understand this rapidly advancing field aiming to deliver the right drug at the right dose to the right patient at the right time. It is designed to provide a detailed, but accessible review of the entire field from basic principles to applications in various diseases. The chapters are written by international experts to allow readers from a wide variety of backgrounds, clinical and non-clinical (basic geneticists, pharmacologists, clinicians, trialists, industry personnel, ethicists) to understand the principles underpinning the progress in this area, the successes, failures and the challenges ahead. To be accessible to the widest range of readers, the clinical application section introduces the disease process, existing therapies, followed by pharmacogenomics and stratified medicine details. Medicine is the cornerstone of modern therapeutics prescribed on the basis that its benefit should outweigh its risk. It is well known that people respond differently to medications and in many cases the risk-benefit ratio for a particular drug may be a gray area. The last decade has seen a revolution in genomics both in terms of technological innovation and discovering genetic markers associated with disease. In parallel there has been steady progress in trying to make medicines safer and tailored to the individual. This has occurred across the whole spectrum of medicine, some more than others. In addition there is burgeoning interest from the pharmaceutical industry to leverage pharmacogenomics for more effective and efficient clinical drug development. Provides clinical and non-clinical researchers with practical information normally beyond their usual areas of research or expertise Includes an basic principles section explaining concepts of basic genetics, genetic epidemiology, bioinformatics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics Covers newer technologies– next generation sequencing, proteomics, metabolomics Provides information on animal models, lymphoblastoid cell lines, stem cells Provides detailed chapters on a wide range of disease conditions, implementation and regulatory issues Includes chapters on the global implications of pharmacogenomics

Use of Laboratory Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on the Use of Laboratory Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1988-02-01
ISBN 10 : 0309038391
Pages : 112 pages
GET BOOK!

Scientific experiments using animals have contributed significantly to the improvement of human health. Animal experiments were crucial to the conquest of polio, for example, and they will undoubtedly be one of the keystones in AIDS research. However, some persons believe that the cost to the animals is often high. Authored by a committee of experts from various fields, this book discusses the benefits that have resulted from animal research, the scope of animal research today, the concerns of advocates of animal welfare, and the prospects for finding alternatives to animal use. The authors conclude with specific recommendations for more consistent government action.

Pain Genetics
Author : Inna Belfer,Luda Diatchenko
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-11-15
ISBN 10 : 1118398858
Pages : 204 pages
GET BOOK!

Pain Genetics: Basic to Translational Science is atimely synthesis of the key areas of research informing ourunderstanding of the genetic basis of pain. The book opens withfoundational information on basic genetic mechanisms underlyingpain perception and progresses recently discovered complex conceptsfacing the field. The coverage is wide-ranging and will serves asan excellent entry point into understating the genetics of pain aswell as providing a single resource for established researcherslooking for a better understanding of the diverse strands ofresearch going on in the area. With contributors painstakingly selected to provide a broad rangeof perspectives and research, Pain Genetics willbe a valuable resource for geneticists, neuroscientists, andbiomedical professionals alike.

Research Awards Index
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1978
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
GET BOOK!