Corrosion is a naturally occurring cost, worth billions in the oil and gas sector. New regulations, stiffer penalties for non-compliance and aging assets are all leading companies to develop new technology, procedures and bigger budgets catering to one prevailing method of prevention, cathodic protection. Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems: A Guide for Oil and Gas Industries trains on all the necessary reports, inspection criteria, corrective measures and critical standards needed on various oil and gas equipment, structures, tanks, and pipelines. Demands in the cathodic protection market have driven development for better devices and methods, helping to prolong the equipment and pipeline’s life and integrity. Going beyond just looking for leaks, this handbook gives the engineer and manager all the necessary tools needed to put together a safe cathodic protection system, whether it is for buried casing while drilling, offshore structures or submarine pipelines. Understand how to install, inspect and engage the right cathodic protection systems for various oil and gas equipment, tanks, and pipelines Properly construct the right procedure and anodes with all relevant US and International standards that apply Gain knowledge concerning techniques, equipment, measurements and test methods used in real-world field scenarios
This comprehensive handbook covers all aspects of cathodic protection in terms of both practice and theory.
Provides an introduction to the state-of-the-art in computer modelling of corrosion and related electrochemical processes. Aimed at corrosion engineers, physicists, and model developers, this book contains contributions from the researchers and developers of corrosion modelling tools and users who apply the technology in their industry.
Here is hands-on information for taking measurements and making the calculations necessary for cathodic protection of buried pipe lines.
A companion to the title Corrosion Chemistry, this volume covers both the theoretical aspects of cathodic protection and the practical applications of the technology, including the most cutting-edge processes and theories. Engineers and scientists across a wide range of disciplines and industries will find this the most up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of cathodic protection available. A superb reference and refresher on the chemistry and uses of the technology for engineers in the field, the book also provides a tremendous introduction to the science for newcomers to the field.
|Author||: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Jose-Maria Bastidas,Craig Stevenson|
|Release Date||: 2017-01-30|
|ISBN 10||: 9783319089119|
|Pages||: 2700 pages|
This handbook discusses and reviews the most recent trends in cathodic protection of metallic structures such as pipelines and buried tanks, widely used in many strategic industries such as petroleum, petrochemical, chemical applications. It contains very important practical points about designing, calculations, installation, performance, maintenance and troubleshooting of the cathodic protection systems. In sections 1 and 2, metals corrosion and processes and corrosion electrochemical theories and cathodic protection of the materials are discussed. Section 3 examines cathodic protection criteria, unpleasant consequences of cathodic protection under and above allowable levels. In section 4, field measurements and evaluations of cathodic protection as well as cathodic protection design are explored. Section 5 addresses necessary precautionary actions in cathodic protection with special emphasis on the interfering cases and their controlling techniques. In section 6, after study of cathodic protection through applying electricity (impressed) current, designing principles, calculations, installation and properties of all materials utilized in the technique are assessed. Section 7 discusses cathodic protection through sacrificial anodes, designing principles, calculations, installation, performance, and properties of all consumed materials. Section 8 introduces illustrated practical samples for cathodic protection of the structures. Section 9 addresses some challenges and problems associated with the design of cathodic protection systems and the possible approaches for solving and then analyzing them. Section 10 focuses on the practical techniques for installation and execution of cathodic protection systems. Section 11 contains very important recommendations and advices about inspections and precise adjustment of cathodic protection systems. Section 12 is allocated to practical and principal approaches for maintaining and monitoring of the cathodic protection systems. The authors of this book will provide a list of the most advanced remarks and approaches for the development of cathodic protection science in a practical and applicable manner for serving many strategic industries such as petroleum and petrochemical. It is an important source for corrosion scientists and engineers.
A variable game changer for those companies operating in hostile, corrosive marine environments, Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures provides critical corrosion control tips and techniques that will prolong structural life while saving millions in cost. In this book, Ramesh Singh explains the ABCs of prolonging structural life of platforms and pipelines while reducing cost and decreasing the risk of failure. Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures places major emphasis on the popular use of cathodic protection (CP) combined with high efficiency coating to prevent subsea corrosion. This reference begins with the fundamental science of corrosion and structures and then moves on to cover more advanced topics such as cathodic protection, coating as corrosion prevention using mill applied coatings, field applications, and the advantages and limitations of some common coating systems. In addition, the author provides expert insight on a number of NACE and DNV standards and recommended practices as well as ISO and Standard and Test Methods. Packed with tables, charts and case studies, Corrosion Control for Offshore Structures is a valuable guide to offshore corrosion control both in terms of its theory and application. Prolong the structural life of your offshore platforms and pipelines Understand critical topics such as cathodic protection and coating as corrosion prevention with mill applied coatings Gain expert insight on a number of NACE and DNV standards and recommended practices as well as ISO and Standard Test Methods.
Cathodic protection is a method to reduce corrosion by minimizing the difference in potential between anode and cathode. This is achieved by applying a current to the structure to be protected (such as a pipeline) from some outside source. When enough current is applied, the whole structure will be at one potential; thus, anode and cathode sites will not exist. Cathodic protection is commonly used on many types of structures, such as pipelines, underground storage tanks, locks, and ship hulls.
Corrosion Protection for the Oil and Gas Industry: Pipelines, Subsea Equipment, and Structures summarizes the main causes of corrosion and requirements for materials protection, selection of corrosion-resistant materials and coating materials commonly used for corrosion protection, and the limitations to their use, application, and repair. This book focuses on the protection of steels against corrosion in an aqueous environment, either immersed in seawater or buried. It also includes guidelines for the design of cathodic protection systems and reviews of cathodic protection methods, materials, installation, and monitoring. It is concerned primarily with the external and internal corrosion protection of onshore pipelines and subsea pipelines, but reference is also made to the protection of other equipment, subsea structures, risers, and shore approaches. Two case studies, design examples, and the author’s own experiences as a pipeline integrity engineer are featured in this book. Readers will develop a high quality and in-depth understanding of the corrosion protection methods available and apply them to solve corrosion engineering problems. This book is aimed at students, practicing engineers, and scientists as an introduction to corrosion protection for the oil and gas industry, as well as to overcoming corrosion issues.
Instead of using expensive alloys to construct a tank or processing vessel, it is often more economical to use a less expensive metal, such as carbon steel, and install a lining to provide protection from corrosion. Corrosion of Linings and Coatings: Cathodic and Inhibitor Protection and Corrosion Monitoring offers focused coverage for professionals interested in protective linings and coatings, corrosion protection, and monitoring techniques. The author details various materials and methods for controlling and protecting against corrosion. He discusses the use of mortars, grouts, and monolithic surfaces and explains how the use of inhibitors and cathodic protection help prevent corrosion. The book also provides details for various types of linings materials and coatings and includes valuable compatibility charts for each material covered. The author concludes with an explanation of a variety of corrosion monitoring techniques currently available.
|Author||: Harvey P. Hack|
|Publisher||: ASTM International|
|Release Date||: 1999|
|ISBN 10||: 9780803126237|
|Pages||: 111 pages|
Seven papers summarize the main design philosophies for cathodic protection systems to protect structures and ships from the corrosive effects of seawater. The topics include the slope parameter approach and its application to impressed current systems, the relationship of chemical components and im
Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete provides the most comprehensive summary of the electrochemical techniques for treating steel corrosion to date. It contains an examination of the causes of corrosion and its accelerating rate and describes assessment methods.