carbon based nanomaterials and nanocomposites for gas sensing

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Carbon-based Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing
Author : Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-01-01
ISBN 10 : 0128213744
Pages : 352 pages
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Carbon-based nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing discusses the state-of-the-art, emerging challenges, properties and opportunities of various carbon-based nanomaterials and nanocomposites with their application in smart gas sensors. The book focuses on carbon-based nanomaterials used for the purpose of sensing, device fabrication and its applications for the sensing of various hazardous gases. In addition, it provides systematic and effective guidelines for researchers who want to gain a fundamental understanding on how this class of materials is being used for gas sensing. Since these sensors can be applied for the automation of numerous industrial processes and for the everyday monitoring of various activities, including public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and in many other situations, this book will catch the attention of readers and motivate them for advanced research in the development of smart and efficient gas sensors. Offers a one-stop resource, bringing together information currently scattered over journal papers and project reports Presents a focused concept that reflects the properties, synthesis and sensing capabilities of carbon-based nanomaterials and their composites Combines fundamental experimental and theoretical information with industrial needs and engineering design methods

Carbon Nanotubes
Author : Mohamed Berber,Inas Hazzaa Hafez
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-07-20
ISBN 10 : 9535124692
Pages : 506 pages
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This book shows the recent advances of the applications of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in particular, the polymer functionalized carbon nanotubes. It also includes a comprehensive description of carbon nanotubes' preparation, properties, and characterization. Therefore, we have attempted to provide detailed information about the polymer-carbon nanotube composites. With regard to the unique structure and properties of carbon nanotubes, a series of important findings have been reported. The unique properties of carbon nanotubes, including thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties, after polymer functionalization have been documented in detail. This book comprises 18 chapters. The chapters include different applications of polymer functionalization CNTs, e.g. photovoltaic, biomedical, drug delivery, gene delivery, stem cell therapy, thermal therapy, biological detection and imaging, electroanalytical, energy, supercapacitor, and gas sensor applications.

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-03-28
ISBN 10 : 0128135751
Pages : 632 pages
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Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Nanosensor Technologies for Environmental Monitoring
Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-07-15
ISBN 10 : 303045116X
Pages : 529 pages
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Advanced materials and nanotechnology is a promising, emerging field involving the use of nanoparticles to facilitate the detection of various physical and chemical parameters, including temperature, humidity, pH, metal ion, anion, small organic or inorganic molecules, gases, and biomolecules responsible for environmental issues that can lead to diseases like cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, bacterial infections, and brain, retinal, and cardiovascular diseases. By monitoring environmental samples and detecting these environmental issues, advanced nanotechnology in this type of sensory technology is able to improve daily quality of life. Although these sensors are commercially available for the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, many existing models require significant power and lack advanced technology for more quality selectivity and sensitivity. There is room in these sensors to optimize their selectivity, reversibility, on/off ratio, response time, and their environmental stability in real-world operating conditions. This book explores the methods for the development and design of environmentally-friendly, simple, reliable, and cost effective electrochemical nanosensors using powerful nanostructured materials. More specifically, it highlights the use of various electrochemical-based biosensor sensors involved in the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, with the ultimate goal of seeing these technologies reach market.

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-03-28
ISBN 10 : 0128135751
Pages : 632 pages
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Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors
Author : Eduard Llobet Valero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-13
ISBN 10 : 0128148284
Pages : 366 pages
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Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors: Synthesis, Integration and Applications presents full coverage in the area of gas sensing nanomaterials, from materials, transducers and applications, to the latest results and future direction. Experts present work on metal oxides, carbon-based and hybrid materials, fabrication and application. The book brings together three major themes, including synthesis, functionalization and the characterization of advanced nanomaterials, all emphasizing synthesis techniques that ease the integration of nanomaterials in transducers. Chapters encompass a wide spectrum of sensing technologies, including advanced nanomaterials (metal oxides, carbon materials and graphene) and organic molecular materials and atomic layers (MoS2). The book's authors examine the coupling of sensitive nanomaterials to different types of transducer elements and their applications, including direct growth and additive fabrication techniques as a way to obtain inexpensive gas microsensors, principal transduction schemes, and advanced operating methods. Presents technological solutions and applications of gas sensors in varied areas of chemistry, physics, material science and engineering Examines advanced operating methods (e.g., temperature modulation, self-heating, light-activated response, noise methods) to enhance stability, sensitivity, selectivity and reduce power consumption Provides a critical review of current applications and their expected future evolution, demonstrating the most promising approaches and future expectations in the development of inexpensive gas micro- and nanosensors

Environmental Remediation Through Carbon Based Nano Composites
Author : Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9811566992
Pages : 329 pages
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Emerging Carbon-Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Shivani Bhardwaj Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-10-28
ISBN 10 : 1119554861
Pages : 304 pages
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The 12 chapters comprehensively cover the development and advances on emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for wastewater applications and discuss the following topics: The emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for remediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants from wastewater; Functional green carbon nanocomposites for heavy-metal treatment in water; Green nanocomposites and their applications in environmentally-friendly carbon nanomaterials; Carbon-based nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts for organic reactions in environment-friendly solvents; Carbonaceous nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from waste water; Biochar-based adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous systems; Describes carbon nanomaterials based green nanocomposites; The removal of trihalomethanes from water using nanofiltration membranes and The transformation of wide bandgap semiconductors for visible-light photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes; Nanocomposite materials as electrode materials in microbial fuel cells for the removal of water pollutants; Plasmonic smart nanosensors for the determination of environmental pollutants.

Nanocarbon and Its Composites
Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Dr. Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Ahmed Asiri
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-30
ISBN 10 : 0081025106
Pages : 872 pages
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Nanocarbon and Its Composites: Preparation, Properties and Applications provides a detailed and comprehensive review of all major innovations in the field of nanocarbons and their composites, including preparation, properties and applications. Coverage is broad and quite extensive, encouraging future research in carbon-based materials, which are in high demand due to the need to develop more sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for materials. Chapters are written by eminent scholars and leading experts from around the globe who discuss the properties and applications of carbon-based materials, such as nanotubes (buckytubes), fullerenes, cones, horns, rods, foams, nanodiamonds and carbon black, and much more. Chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of carbon-based materials in different application fields and illustrate how to achieve significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from design, synthesis, characterization and applications of nanocarbon based composites Aims to compile information on the various aspects of synthesis, properties and applications of nano-carbon based materials Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release Date : 2019-11
ISBN 10 : 0128197862
Pages : 652 pages
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Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Pure and Functionalized Carbon Based Nanomaterials
Author : Pawel K. Zarzycki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-07-02
ISBN 10 : 1351032291
Pages : 374 pages
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This book describes in a comprehensive manner latest studies conducted by various research groups worldwide focusing on carbon and related nanomaterials. Fourteen chapters of this book deal with a number of key research topics and applications of pure and functionalized carbon nanomaterials and their hybrid nanocomposites. Specifically, the authors have presented interdisciplinary investigations including: (i) carbon nanoparticles and layers synthesis, (ii) analytical aspects of carbon nanomaterials and their characterisation under different conditions as well as (iii) various applications of carbon nanoparticles. They have reported and summarised key applications of carbon particles or nanoobjects in pharmacy, biomedicine, agriculture and food industry, water treatment, physicochemical analysis, optoelectronics, electronic and magnetic materials for supercapacitors or radar adsorbing materials, tribology, chromatography, electrophoresis, bioanalysis, nanobiocatalysis, biofuels production as well as environmental remediation.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Gas Adsorption
Author : Maria Letizia Terranova,Silvia Orlanducci,Marco Rossi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-11-27
ISBN 10 : 9814316431
Pages : 494 pages
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Research in adsorption of gases by carbon nanomaterials has experienced considerable growth in recent years, with increasing interest for practical applications. Many research groups are now producing or using such materials for gas adsorption, storage, purification, and sensing. This book provides a selected overview of some of the most interesting scientific results regarding the outstanding properties of carbon nanomaterials for gas adsorption and of interest both for basic research and technological applications. Topics receiving special attention in this book include storage of H, purification of H, storage of rare gases, adsorption of organic vapors, gas trapping and separation, and metrology of gas adsorption.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-06-15
ISBN 10 : 0081025785
Pages : 512 pages
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Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

Biosensors
Author : Toonika Rinken
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-09-24
ISBN 10 : 9535121731
Pages : 468 pages
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Nowadays, the implementation of novel technological platforms in biosensor-based developments is primarily directed to the miniaturization of analytical systems and lowering the limits of detection. Rapid scientific and technological progress enables the application of biosensors for the online detection of minute concentrations of different chemical compounds in a wide selection of matrixes and monitoring extremely low levels of biomarkers even in living organisms and individual cells. This book, including 16 chapters, characterizes the present state of the art and prospective options for micro and nanoscale activities in biosensors construction and applications.

Carbon-based Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry
Author : Agustín G Crevillén,Alberto Escarpa,Carlos D Garcia
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2018-09-07
ISBN 10 : 1788015339
Pages : 245 pages
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Presenting the most relevant advances for employing carbon-based nanostructured materials for analytical purposes, this book serves as a reference manual that guides readers through the possibilities and helps when selecting the most appropriate material for targeted analytical applications. It critically discusses the role these nanomaterials can play in sample preparation, separation procedures and detection limit improvements whilst also considering the future trends in this field. Useful to direct initiatives, this book fills a gap in the literature for graduate students and professional researchers discussing the advantages and limitations across analytical chemistry in industry and academia.

Syntheses and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Composites
Author : Satoru Suzuki
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-05-09
ISBN 10 : 9535111256
Pages : 550 pages
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Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets with a quasi-one-dimensional structure of nanometer-scale diameter. In these last twenty years, carbon nanotubes have attracted much attention from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and electronic device engineers, because of their excellent structural, electronic, optical, chemical and mechanical properties. More recently, demand for innovative industrial applications of carbon nanotubes is increasing. This book covers recent research topics regarding syntheses techniques of carbon nanotubes and nanotube-based composites, and their applications. The chapters in this book will be helpful to many students, engineers and researchers working in the field of carbon nanotubes.

Nanoscale Sensors
Author : Shibin Li,Jiang Wu,Zhiming M. Wang,Yadong Jiang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-01-07
ISBN 10 : 3319027727
Pages : 281 pages
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This book is a comprehensive introduction to nanoscale materials for sensor applications, with a focus on connecting the fundamental laws of physics and the chemistry of materials with device design. Nanoscale sensors can be used for a wide variety of applications, including the detection of gases, optical signals, and mechanical strain, and can meet the need to detect and quantify the presence of gaseous pollutants or other dangerous substances in the environment. Gas sensors have found various applications in our daily lives and in industry. Semiconductive oxides, including SnO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, and In2O3, are promising candidates for gas sensor applications. Carbon nanomaterials are becoming increasingly available as “off-the-shelf” components, and this makes nanotechnology more exciting and approachable than ever before. Nano-wire based field- effect transistor biosensors have also received much attention in recent years as a way to achieve ultra-sensitive and label-free sensing of molecules of biological interest. A diverse array of semiconductor-based nanostructures has been synthesized for use as a photoelectrochemical sensor or biosensor in the detection of low concentrations of analytes. A novel acoustic sensor for structural health monitoring (SHM) that utilizes lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nano- active fiber composites (NAFCs) is described as well.

Carbon Nanotechnology
Author : Liming Dai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-04-18
ISBN 10 : 9780080459325
Pages : 750 pages
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Nanotechnology is no longer a merely social talking point and is beginning to affect the lives of everyone. Carbon nanotechnology as a major shaper of new nanotechnologies has evolved into a truly interdisciplinary field, which encompasses chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, materials science and engineering. This is a field in which a huge amount of literature has been generated within recent years, and the number of publications is still increasing every year. Carbon Nanotechnology aims to provide a timely coverage of the recent development in the field with updated reviews and remarks by world-renowned experts. Intended to be an exposition of cutting-edge research and development rather than a kind of conference proceeding, Carbon Nanotechnology will be very useful not only to experienced scientists and engineers, who wish to broaden their knowledge of the wide-ranging nanotechnology and/or to develop practical devices, but also to graduate and senior undergraduate students who look to make their mark in this field of the future. · A comprehensive treatment from materials chemistry and structure-property to practical applications · Offers an in-depth analysis of various carbon nanotechnologies from both fundamental and practical perspectives · An easily accessible assessment of the materials properties and device performances based on all of the major classes of carbon nanomaterials, including: carbon fiber; diamond; C60; and carbon nanotubes · A concise compilation of the practical applications of carbon nanotechnologies from polymer-carbon nanocomposites to sensors, electron emitters, and molecular electronics

Progresses in Chemical Sensor
Author : Wen Wang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-08-24
ISBN 10 : 953512532X
Pages : 190 pages
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Although the history of chemical sensor dates back not long ago, it has attracted great research interest owing to its many excellent properties such as small size, satisfactory sensitivity, larger dynamic range, low cost, and easy-to-realize automatic measurement and on-line or in situ and continuous detection. With decades of vigorous research works, various sophisticated chemical sensors have been widely used in environmental conservation and monitoring, industrial process monitoring, gas composition analysis, medicine, national defense and public security, and on-site emergency disposal. Hence, the chemical sensor becomes one of the most active and effective directions of modern sensor technology. A typical chemical sensor is the analyzer that responds to a particular analyte in a selective and reversible way and transforms input chemical quantity, ranging from the concentration of a specific sample component to total composition analysis, into an analytically electrical signal. This book is an attempt to highlight recent progresses in the chemical sensors. It is composed of seven chapters and divided into four sections categorized by the working principle of the chemical sensor. This collection of up-to-date information and the latest research progress on chemical sensor will provide valuable references and learning materials for all those working in the field of chemical sensors.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water
Author : Mamadou Diallo,Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2009-02-12
ISBN 10 : 9780815519737
Pages : 700 pages
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The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.