botulinum neurotoxin

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Botulinum Neurotoxins
Author : Andreas Rummel,Thomas Binz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-14
ISBN 10 : 3642335705
Pages : 324 pages
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The extremely potent substance botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) has attracted much interest in diverse fields. Originally identified as cause for the rare but deadly disease botulism, military and terrorist intended to misuse this sophisticated molecule as biological weapon. This caused its classification as select agent category A by the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention and the listing in the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. Later, the civilian use of BoNT as long acting peripheral muscle relaxant has turned this molecule into an indispensable pharmaceutical world wide with annual revenues >$1.5 billion. Also basic scientists value the botulinum neurotoxin as molecular tool for dissecting mechanisms of exocytosis. This book will cover the most recent molecular details of botulinum neurotoxin, its mechanism of action as well as its detection and application.

Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual
Author : Katharine E. Alter, MD,Nicole A. Wilson, PhD, MD
Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
Release Date : 2014-12-15
ISBN 10 : 1617052094
Pages : 110 pages
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The Essential Guide for Clinicians Who Prescribe and Inject BoNTs This is a detailed and practical guide to botulinum neurotoxin therapy (BoNT) and the wide range of applications for neurological and pain disorders. A unique reference source for new injectors and experienced clinicians alike, this indispensable manual provides information on dose, dilution, and indications for all four FDA-approved toxins in one handy text. Following a brief review of relevant pharmacology, the book provides product information and comparative distinctions between the four FDA-approved toxins (BotoxÆ, MyoblocÆ, XeominÆ, and DysportÆ), along with indications and doses for FDA-approved conditions, guidance techniques, and common and emerging clinical applications. The heart of the book is an injection manual, organized anatomically and by condition and covering all applications for medical treatment. For each condition or site, information is provided on typical muscle pattern or muscle groups involved, dosing guidelines and dilution for the applicable toxins, number of injection sites, and potential risks and benefits. Targeting techniques are organized in table format for quick retrieval. Anatomic illustrations and cross-sections are provided to orient injectors and help identify optimal insertion points. An appendix with useful clinical rating scales is also included. Key Features: Presents state-of-the-art information about current indications for all four FDA-approved botulinum neurotoxins Compares and contrasts the four toxins along with common and emerging clinical applications Provides dosing guidelines for various indications and injection sites for each muscle Includes anatomic drawings and cross-sections to illustrate muscle relationships and insertion points Serves as a practical, portable, how-to guide for new and experienced clinicians

Molecular Aspects of Botulinum Neurotoxin
Author : Keith A. Foster
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-08
ISBN 10 : 1461494540
Pages : 345 pages
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Currently, there are tremendous advances being made in understanding the basic science of both the structure and function of botulinum neurotoxins. This knowledge is opening up opportunities in regard to both therapeutic uses and treatment and protection options for civil and bio-defense applications. This volume fully evaluates the status of neurotoxin research and exploitation with a focus on clinical application. The book is a multi-authored collection of chapters written by the leading authorities responsible for the current scientific and clinical research that is advancing the understanding and exploitation of the neurotoxins and is both up to date and authoritative.

Clinical Applications of Botulinum Neurotoxin
Author : Keith A. Foster
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-08
ISBN 10 : 149390261X
Pages : 196 pages
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Currently, there are tremendous advances being made in understanding the basic science of both the structure and function of botulinum neurotoxins. This knowledge is opening up opportunities in regard to both therapeutic uses and treatment and protection options for civil and bio-defense applications. This volume fully evaluates the status of neurotoxin research and exploitation. The book is a multi-authored collection of chapters written by the leading authorities responsible for the current scientific and clinical research that is advancing the understanding and exploitation of the neurotoxins and is both up to date and authoritative.

Botulinum Neurotoxin and Tetanus Toxin
Author : Lance Simpson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
ISBN 10 : 0323141609
Pages : 436 pages
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Botulinum Neurotoxin and Tetanus Toxin covers the mechanism of action, pathogenesis, and treatment of clostridial neurotoxins. The book is organized into four parts encompassing 18 chapters that discuss the origin, structure, pharmacology, toxicology, immunology, assays, and clinical issues of botulinum and tetanus neurotoxins. The introductory part of the book discusses the discovery and production of neurotoxins in various strains of Clostridium bacteria. This text also describes how specific bacteriophages and plasmids mediate the pathogenicity of some types of Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium tetani. The subsequent part provides an overview of issues related to toxin binding, including toxins that may serve as models for botulinum and tetanus neurotoxins. Discussions on the peripheral and central aspects of poisoning transport in the central nervous system and on the antagonistic drugs for clostridial neurotoxins are provided. The third part of the book addresses the antibodies against botulinum neurotoxin. Bioassay in mice and highly sensitive immunoassays, such as reversed passive hemagglutination, reversed passive latex agglutination, radioimmunoassay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, are presented. The concluding part covers the animal models for these toxins and discusses the diagnosis and treatment of botulism and tetanus in human. The clinical use of Clostridium botulinum toxin type A in ocular and neuromuscular disease is also examined. This book will be of value to protein chemists, microbiologists, virologists, pharmacologists, immunologists, and clinicians.

Mechanism of Action of Botulinum Neurotoxin: Unexpected Consequences
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2018
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Abstract: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is a widely used therapeutic in part because its mechanism of action is much wider than initially expected. Since BoNT is taken up more avidly in active presynaptic terminals, there is some selectivity for weakening muscles involved in frequent involuntary movements. BoNT blocks gamma motoneurons as well as alpha motoneurons, hence reducing afferent spindle activity which appears to have a favorable effect. Some BoNT is retrogradely transported in the motor axons, leading at least to reduction in recurrent inhibition mediated by the Renshaw cell. There are also central nervous system changes after BoNT injections and these may be due to brain plasticity. Highlights: The mechanism of action of BoNT is more than a simple decrease of neuromuscular transmission. BoNT injection leads to reduced spindle afferent activity, changing spinal reflexes. There is some functional consequence to retrograde transport of BoNT. Cortical changes after BoNT injection may be due to brain plasticity.

Botulinum Toxin E-Book
Author : Joseph Jankovic,Alberto Albanese,M. Zouhair Atassi,J. Oliver Dolly,Mark Hallett,Nathaniel H. Mayer
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2009-02-18
ISBN 10 : 1437711197
Pages : 512 pages
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The new, therapeutically-focused Botulinum Toxin presents comprehensive, cross-disciplinary guidance on current practices, covering more than 100 non-cosmetic conditions that occur in neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, pain medicine, ophthalmology, gastroenterology, urology, orthopedics, and surgery. International contributors review the current understanding of the biology and cellular mechanisms along with relevant research so you can easily apply them to the pathophysiology of the numerous disorders that botulinum toxin is used to treat—such as botulinum toxin applications for the treatment of cranial-cervical dystonias, motor disorders in cerebral palsy, bruxism and temporomandibular disorders, headache, overactive bladder, chronic pelvic pain syndromes, arthritis joint pain, and wound healing. With discussions of the latest in approved treatment practices as well as new and emerging uses, you’ll get in-depth management guidance on the application of the toxin. Provides clinical applications of botulinum toxin for over 100 disorders for immediate access and easy reference during practice and treatment. Covers a broad array of hot topics, including botulinum toxin applications for the treatment of cranial-cervical dystonias, motor disorders in cerebral palsy, bruxism and temporomandibular disorders, headache, overactive bladder, chronic pelvic pain syndromes, arthritis joint pain, and wound healing. Focuses on approved uses with expert advice on thoroughly tested applications but also discusses new and emerging applications to expose you to additional treatment options. Presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date material available so you get all the information you need from this one resource. Offers the cross-disciplinary guidance of the best world-class expertise through an authoritative, international group of authors who demonstrate the applications of botulinum toxin across various specialties.

Botulinum Neurotoxins
Author : Andreas Rummel,Thomas Binz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-14
ISBN 10 : 3642335705
Pages : 324 pages
GET BOOK!

The extremely potent substance botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) has attracted much interest in diverse fields. Originally identified as cause for the rare but deadly disease botulism, military and terrorist intended to misuse this sophisticated molecule as biological weapon. This caused its classification as select agent category A by the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention and the listing in the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. Later, the civilian use of BoNT as long acting peripheral muscle relaxant has turned this molecule into an indispensable pharmaceutical world wide with annual revenues >$1.5 billion. Also basic scientists value the botulinum neurotoxin as molecular tool for dissecting mechanisms of exocytosis. This book will cover the most recent molecular details of botulinum neurotoxin, its mechanism of action as well as its detection and application.

Hyperhidrosis and Botulinum Toxin in Dermatology
Author : Oliver Philip Kreyden,Roland Böni,Günter Burg
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2002
ISBN 10 : 3805573065
Pages : 254 pages
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In this publication a comprehensive overview on the pathophysiology and treatment of hyperhidrosis with a focus on the new therapy with botulinum toxin is given by renowned experts from Europe and the USA. In the first part the pathophysiology of hyperhidrosis, rare forms of sweating and their symptoms, as well as the different topical and surgical treatments for focal hyperhidrosis are discussed. The second part deals with botulinum toxin. Besides a historic survey of the drug the reader is introduced to the pharmacological particularities and the different modalities of treatment for focal hyperhidrosis. Complications and side effects of the therapy are presented as well. The final chapter is reserved for other dermatological indications like anal fissure and wrinkles.

Botulinum Neurotoxins for Head and Neck Disorders
Author : Andrew Blitzer,Brian E. Benson,Diana N. Kirke
Publisher : Thieme
Release Date : 2020-03-21
ISBN 10 : 1684200962
Pages : 226 pages
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The most comprehensive, state-of-the-art guide available on the use of botulinum neurotoxin for head & neck disorders! Senior author Andrew Blitzer is an internationally renowned pioneer on the use of botulinum neurotoxin for functional disorders, with unparalleled expertise on this topic. Joined by esteemed co-editors Brian Benson and Diana Kirke, with multidisciplinary contributors, Botulinum Neurotoxin for Head and Neck Disorders Second Edition fills a gap in the medical literature. The unique textbook focuses on the use of botulinum neurotoxins for functional disorders of the head and neck, though with some aesthetic indications. The second edition reflects the latest advances and understanding of existing and emerging applications for botulinum neurotoxins, including new treatment paradigms, revised pharmacology, and an updated review of the literature in all chapters. Twenty superbly illustrated chapters cover the management of hyperfunctional, pain, and hypersecretory syndromes of the head and neck. Hyperfunctional motor disorders are discussed in chapters focused on blepharospasm, facial dystonia, Meige syndrome, oromandibular dystonia, spasmodic dysphonia (laryngeal dystonia), and cervical dystonia. Specific treatment approaches for pain are addressed in chapters on migraine and chronic daily tension headaches, temporomandibular disorders, and trigeminal neuralgia. The treatment of autonomic nervous system disorders is covered in chapters dedicated to Frey syndrome, facial hyperhydrosis, and sialorrhea. Key Features A 30-year review of spasmodic dysphonia data includes new insights encompassing comprehensive treatment, management and outcomes results, and neuropathophysiology A new chapter details the emerging role of botulinum neurotoxin to treat radiation-induced spasm and pain Updates on the management of palatal myoclonus, temporomandibular joint disorder, and sialorrhea An impressive compendium of professional injection videos, including a new video on sialorrhea and an updated migraine video Clinical pearls throughout the book focus on best practices, how to avoid pitfalls, and achieving the most optimal outcomes This is a must-have resource for otolaryngologists–head and neck surgeons, neurologists, dentists, pain specialists, physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists, and others health professionals who use botulinum neurotoxin to treat motor, sensory, and autonomic disorders of the head and neck region.

Botulinum Toxin for Asians
Author : Kyle K Seo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-27
ISBN 10 : 9811002045
Pages : 182 pages
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This book, containing more than 400 photos and illustrations, provides practical guidelines for the cosmetic use of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) in Asians. The differences in BTA treatment of Asians and Caucasians with respect to applicable dose, injection methods, anatomic significance, and indications are clearly described. It is explained how the optimal dose and injection sites for the treatment of wrinkles differ from the guidelines advocated in North America and Europe. Detailed consideration is given to the rapidly expanding role that BTA treatment is playing in facial and body contouring based on leveraging the mechanism of disuse muscle atrophy. Examples that are particularly relevant in Asians include treatment of hypertrophy of the masseter and temporalis muscles and calf muscle reduction. Further chapters are devoted to the use of BTA in the treatment of hyperhidrosis and the intradermal injection of BTA. The book will be an excellent resource for all dermatologists, plastic surgeons, cosmetic Physicians, and other clinicians who employ BTA in Asian patients.

Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy
Author : Daniel Truong,Dirk Dressler,Mark Hallett,Christopher Zachary
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-01-23
ISBN 10 : 1107654335
Pages : 304 pages
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Fully updated throughout, the second edition of the Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy provides practical guidance on the use of Botox in a wide variety of disorders. New chapters have been added on the use of botulinum toxin in wound healing, in focal hand dystonia and in thoracic outlet syndrome, as well as others. There are new chapters on the use of botulinum toxins in conjunction with ultrasound guidance. Using clear line-drawings the Manual describes the relevant injection sites for each condition and gives comparative dosage tables for the various formulations of toxins used in different muscle groups. Throughout the emphasis is on technique and the book can be used as both a teaching aid and in bedside guidance. The manual will be of use to neurologists, otolaryngologists, urologists, ophthalmologists, dermatologists, internists, pain management specialists, rehabilitation specialists and plastic surgeons, and any other clinicians discovering the potential of botulinum toxin.

Botulinum Toxin in Aesthetic Medicine
Author : Mauricio de Maio,Berthold Rzany
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 3540340947
Pages : 136 pages
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This book surveys the use of botulinum toxin A in aesthetic medicine, including patient selection and evaluation, as well as rules and requirements. A section with tips and tricks makes this an invaluable resource for practicing dermatologists and plastic surgeons.

Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Pain Disorders
Author : Bahman Jabbari
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-23
ISBN 10 : 1493925016
Pages : 246 pages
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This book provides an authoritative overview of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) treatment menus for 14 pain categories with an evidence based literature review on each pain disorder, illustrative figures along with brief video clips showing the techniques and patient interviews. Introductory chapters cover basic information about the mechanism, function and the analgesic effects of the BoNTs based on the data derived from animal studies. Clinical chapters define pain in conditions such as post-herpetic and post-traumatic neuralgias, plantar fasciitis, low back pain, post-surgical pain syndromes and migraine in detail, provide discussion of current modes of treatment and updated information on BoNT therapy. Each chapter also includes illustrative case histories. Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Pain Disorders will prove an invaluable resource for clinicians and researchers involved in the treatment of pain disorders including neurologists, pain medicine specialists, anesthesiologists, internists, those conducting research in pharmacology and toxicology as well as students in these areas.

Functional Detection of Botulinum Neurotoxin Serotypes A-F by Monoclonal Neoepitope-specific Antibodies
Author : Laura von Berg
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2018
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Botulinum Toxin in Clinical Dermatology
Author : Anthony V. Benedetto
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-01-13
ISBN 10 : 0203495055
Pages : 326 pages
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Botulinum Toxin in Clinical Dermatology explores botulinum toxin, from its early recognition as a food borne toxin to its current form as a pharmaceutical injectible. This high quality, well-illustrated, practical manual presents the latest on the clinical use of the different types of botulinum toxins available and presents in a clear and concise way all the pertinent and up-to-date information on how to inject botulinum toxin and avoid complications. Packed with clinical photographs and scientific drawings, each chapter addresses a different aspect of the topic. This is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference for cosmetic injections of botulinum toxin for removal of facial and neck wrinkles.

Botulinum Toxin in Painful Diseases
Author : Wolfgang H. Jost
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2003-01-01
ISBN 10 : 3805575009
Pages : 173 pages
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The exceptionally successful history of botulinum toxin and its likely future has hardly an equivalent. Initially, it was used in strabismus, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm, later also in focal dystonia and spasticity and it has been shown to effectively treat wrinkles, hyperhidrosis and a great number of ensuing indications. By treating symptoms or disorders associated with pain, its analgesic effect was first noticed. The efficacy and reasons for this side effect have since been investigated and a number of models explaining the mode of action have been presented. However, even if we know that botulinum toxin undoubtedly helps in certain pain syndromes, there is still much work to do to identify the major ones, define the optimum dose and the preferred site of injection. Indicating current positions and kindling the growing interest in this extraordinary therapeutic agent this book presents a timely overview on pain management with botulinum toxin. Thus, it will be of great interest especially for anesthesiologists and neurologists in their clinical work and medical research.

Botulinum Toxin in Urology
Author : Michael B. Chancellor,Christopher P. Smith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-24
ISBN 10 : 9783642035807
Pages : 207 pages
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Bladder injection of onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity has recently been approved by regulatory agencies in several EU countries and by the FDA in the United States. This is the first book to focus on the practical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the genitourinary tract. It covers in detail applications of BoNT in the bladder and the prostate and pelvic floor, with reviews of the latest clinical series and techniques in both adults and children. Appendices containing easy-to-read instructions for patients undergoing bladder and prostate BoNT injections are included, in addition to procedural guidelines for nursing staff. The book is written in a concise, clinically relevant style by two leading pioneers in the field, who were the first to undertake comprehensive basic research into the mechanisms underlying the efficacy and potential uses of BoNT within the lower urinary tract.

Botulinum Neurotoxins for Head and Neck Disorders
Author : Andrew Blitzer,Brian E. Benson,Joel Guss
Publisher : Thieme
Release Date : 2012-03-28
ISBN 10 : 1604065869
Pages : 248 pages
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Learn expert injection techniques with this multimedia reference guide to the therapeutic uses of botulinum neurotoxin Containing detailed injection instructions, Botulinum Neurotoxin for Head and Neck Disorders and the associated how-to videos offer otolaryngologists, neurologists, pain specialists, and others a complete guide to the management of motor, sensory and autonomic disorders of the head and neck region with botulinum neurotoxin. It covers treatment methods for conditions ranging from hyperfunctional motor disorders (dystonia, tremor, dysphagia), to afferent pain disorders (temporomandibular joint disorder, migraine, trigeminal neuralgia) to autonomic disorders (hypersalivation, Frey's syndrome). In each of the indications, the written material reviews the effects of the toxin on the nervous system, central pain thresholds, and central motor pathways. Special Features: Reviews the pharmacology, indications, mechanisms of action, and technique for each use of botulinum neurotoxin Provides detailed information on the anatomy, treatment methods, follow-up care, and possible complications for each disorder Includes online access to professionally produced videos in which Dr. Blitzer demonstrates injection techniques for the disorders in the book Contains vivid, full color illustrations and photographs that clarify information in the text Focusing specifically on injection techniques for the therapeutic uses of botulinum neurotoxin for treating head and neck disorders, this manual fills an important gap in the literature. It gives clinicians current, authoritative, and in-depth information on administering botulinum neurotoxin most effectively for the head and neck disorders of their patients.

Therapeutic Uses of Botulinum Toxin
Author : Grant Cooper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-05
ISBN 10 : 1597452475
Pages : 238 pages
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This volume outlines and examines current understanding of botulinum toxin and its various therapeutic applications. It presents therapeutic uses across a variety of medical subspecialties and patient populations. Each chapter focuses on a particular symptom and explains how botulinum toxin is currently used for treatment. Coverage also examines questions of immunity and explores economic issues. Written by leaders in their fields respected for their progressive approach to treatment, the book encourages responsible research into new and novel uses of botulinum toxin.