A Complex and Growing Field The study of vascularization in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM) and its applications is an emerging field that could revolutionize medical approaches for organ and tissue replacement, reconstruction, and regeneration. Designed specifically for researchers in TERM fields, Vascularization: Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering provides a broad overview of vascularization in TERM applications. This text summarizes research in several areas, and includes contributions from leading experts in the field. It defines the difficulties associated with multicellular processes in vascularization and cell-source issues. It presents advanced biomaterial design strategies for control of vascular network formation and in silico models designed to provide insight not possible in experimental systems. It also examines imaging methods that are critical to understanding vascularization in engineered tissues, and addresses vascularization issues within the context of specific tissue applications. This text is divided into three parts; the first section focuses on the basics of vascularization. The second section provides general approaches for promoting vascularization. The final section presents tissue and organ-specific aspects of vascularization in regenerative medicine. Presents Areas of Substantial Clinical and Societal Impact The material contains research and science on the process of vessel assembly with an emphasis on methods for controlling the process for therapeutic applications. It describes the tissue and organ-specific aspects of vascularization in regenerative medicine, and refers to areas such as bone tissue engineering, vascularization of encapsulated cells, adipose tissue, bone and muscle engineering. It also provides a mechanistic understanding of the process and presentation of experimental and computational approaches that facilitate the study of vascular assembly, and includes enabling technologies such as nanotechnology, drug delivery, stem cells, microfluidics, and biomaterial design that are optimized for supporting the formation of extensive vascular networks in regenerative medicine. A guide for researchers developing new methods for modulating vessel assembly, this text can also be used by senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses focused on TERM.
This book describes the fundamental biology and mechanics of the vasculature and examines how this knowledge has underpinned the development of new clinical modalities, including endovascular treatment and vascularization of reconstructed tissue for regenerative medicine. Vascular engineering is a multidisciplinary field integrating vascular biology, hemodynamics, biomechanics, tissue engineering, and medicine. Each chapter offers insights into the dynamics of the circulatory system and explains how the impact of related disease conditions — atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial ischemia, and cerebral infarction — has generated a focus on developing expertise to both maintain and treat the vascular system. As a comprehensive book in this expanding area, Vascular Engineering serves as a valuable resource for clinicians as well as academics and professionals working in biophysics, biomedical engineering, and nano and microrheology. Graduate students in these subject areas will also find this volume insightful.
Advances in Tissue Engineering is a unique volume and the first of its kind to bring together leading names in the field of tissue engineering and stem cell research. A relatively young science, tissue engineering can be seen in both scientific and sociological contexts and successes in the field are now leading to clinical reality. This book attempts to define the path from basic science to practical application. A contribution from the UK Stem Cell Bank and opinions of venture capitalists offer a variety of viewpoints, and exciting new areas of stem cell biology are highlighted. With over fifty stellar contributors, this book presents the most up-to-date information in this very topical and exciting field. Contents:Tissue Engineering: Past, Present and Future:An Introduction (R M Nerem)Cells for Tissue Engineering:A Brief Introduction to Different Cell Types (L Buttery & K M Shakesheff)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: International Policy and Regulation (M Allyse & S Minger)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Derivation and Culture (E L Stephenson et al.)Stem Cells Differentiation (P V Guillot & W Cui)Marrow Stem Cells (D G Phinney)Cord Blood Stem Cells — Potentials and Realities (C P McGuckin & N Forraz)Fat Stem Cells (J M Gimble et al.)Control of Adult Stem Cell Function in Bioengineered Artificial Niches (M P Lutolf & H M Blau)Stem Cell Immunology (A P Hollander & D C Wraith)Development of a Design of Experiment Methodology: Applications to the Design and Analysis of Experiments (M Lim & A Mantalaris)Banking Stem Cell Lines for Future Therapies (G N Stacey & C J Hunt)Materials:Synthetic Biomaterials as Cell-Responsive Artificial Extracellular Matrices (M P Lutolf & J A Hubbell)Bioactive Composite Materials for Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds (S Verrier & A R Boccaccini)Aggregation of Cells Using Biomaterials and Bioreactors (Z Bayoussef & K M Shakesheff)Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering (J S Stephens-Altus & J L West)Microscale Technologies for Tissue Engineering (A Khademhosseini et al.)Non-Invasive Methods to Monitor Tissue Re-Modelling: Biosensors(T Cass)Tissue-Engineering Monitoring Using Microdialysis (Z-H Li et al.)Characterisation of Tissue Engineering Constructs by Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray Micro-Computed Tomography (μCT) (I Notingher & J R Jones)Role of Stem Cell Imaging in Regenerative Medicine (G Passacquale & K Bhakoo)Biotechnology Sector:Lessons Learnt (N L Parenteau et al.)The Promise of Stem Cells: A Venture Capital Perspective (C Prescott)Tissue Engineering Products:Cell Expansion, Cell Encapsulation, 3D Cultures (J M Polak & A Mantalaris)Bioreactor Engineering: Regenerating the Dynamic Cell Microenvironment (T Dvir & S Cohen)UK Regulatory Issues: The View from the Researcher (C Munro & N Harris)Tissue Repair:Stem Cell Therapy: Past, Present, and Future (F Baron & R Storb)Tissue Engineered Skin Comes of Age? (S MacNeil)Liver Repair (N Levicar et al.)Tissue Engineering for Tooth Regeneration (I A Diakonov & P Sharpe)Urogenital Repair (A Atala)Cardiac Repair:Basic Science (S E Harding)Cardiac Repair Clinical Trials (A Green & E Alton)Myocardial Recovery Following LVAD Support (R S George & E J Birks)Osteoarticular Repair:Animal Models (E A Horner et al.)In Vitro 3D Human Tissue Models for Osteochondral Diseases (S Ghosh & D L Kaplan)Application of Tissue Engineering for Craniofacial Reconstruction (D M Gupta et al.)Clinical Trials (A K Haudenschild & M H Hedrick)Lung Repair:Tissue Engineering for the Respiratory Epithelium: Is There a Future for Stem Cell Therapy in the Lung? (V Besnard & J A Whitsett)The Artificial Lung (A N Maurer & G Matheis) Readership: Stem cell researchers, clinicians, surgeons and biotechnology companies. Keywords:Stem Cells;Tissue Engineering;Regenerative Medicine;BiomaterialsKey Features:Discusses in-depth a topical subject, treated with the very latest informationWritten by leading contributors in the field, with the world-renowned Professor Dame Julia Polak as the lead editorContains an array of color diagrams and illustrationsDiffers from competing titles in that its coverage ranges from the basic science of stem cells and biomaterials to clinical applications, policy issues, views from the commercial sector and many others
Regenerative medicine is broadly defined as the repair or replacement of damaged cells, tissues and organs. It is a multidisciplinary effort in which technologies derive from the fields of cell, developmental and molecular biology; chemical and material sciences (i.e. nanotechnology); engineering; surgery; transplantation; immunology; molecular genetics; physiology; and pharmacology. As regenerative medicine technologies continue to evolve and expand across the boundaries of numerous scientific disciplines, they remain at the forefront of the translational research frontier with the potential to radically alter the treatment of a wide variety of disease and dysfunction. This book will draw attention to the critical role that pharmacological sciences will undeniably play in the advancement of these treatments. This book is invaluable for advanced students, postdoctoral fellows, researchers new to the field of regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, and experienced investigators looking for new research avenues. The first state-of-the-art book in this rapidly evolving field of research.
Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers
|Author||: Wolfgang Holnthoner,Andrea Banfi,James Kirkpatrick,Heinz Redl|
|Release Date||: 2018-02-25|
|ISBN 10||: 9783319545844|
|Pages||: 400 pages|
This reference work presents the basic principles of angiogenesis induction, including the roles of signaling factors such as hypoxia-inducible factors, biophysical stimulation and angiogenic cells. The book also covers lymphogenesis induction. Both the established fundamentals in the field as well as new trends in the vascularization of engineered tissues are discussed. These include pre-vascularization strategies using preparation of channeled scaffolds and preparation of decellularized blood vessel trees, approaches to inducing formation of microvasculature and approaches to inducing the growth of vascular networks. The authors expand on these concepts with current studies of dual-level approaches to engineer vascularized tissue composites. The book concludes with a discussion of current clinical approaches and the use of vascular grafts in the context of providing clinical practice with new tissue engineering strategies.
First published in 1943, Vitamins and Hormones is the longest-running serial published by Academic Press. The Editorial Board now reflects expertise in the field of hormone action, vitamin action, X-ray crystal structure, physiology and enzyme mechanisms. Under the capable and qualified editorial leadership of Dr. Gerald Litwack, Vitamins and Hormones continues to publish cutting-edge reviews of interest to endocrinologists, biochemists, nutritionists, pharmacologists, cell biologists and molecular biologists. Others interested in the structure and function of biologically active molecules like hormones and vitamins will, as always, turn to this series for comprehensive reviews by leading contributors to this and related disciplines. This volume focuses on stem cell regulators. Longest running series published by Academic Press Contributions by leading international authorities
The European Society for Engineering and Medicine (ESEM) aims at bridging the gap between engineering and medicine and biology. It promotes cultural and scientific exchanges between the engineering and the medical/biological fields. This primer consists of a series of `First Step' chapters in engineering and is principally presented for those with a medical or biology background who intend to start a MSc programme in biomedical engineering and for medics or biologists who wish to understand a particular technology. It will also serve as a reference for biomedical engineers.
Polymers have emerged as one of the most innovative classes of materials in modern materials science, leading to new applications in medicine and pharmacy. This book offers a convincing and understandable approach to polymer biomaterial devices being used in various areas related to biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. The polymer materials finding application as biomaterials are discussed and described in detail pertaining to the areas of artificial implants, orthopedics, ocular devices, dental implants, drug delivery systems, burns and wounds.
Vasculogenesis is the process of new blood vessel formation during embryonic development of the cardiovascular system. This is followed by formation of a vascular tree and finally the cardiovascular system with the myriad of blood vessels that nourish all tissues and organs. Angiogenesis, on the other hand is the process by which new blood vessels take shape from existing blood vessels by "sprouting" of endothelial cells thus expanding the vascular tree. Both scenarios are based on activation, migration, proliferation and maturation of unique precursor cells. The study of blood vessel formation is an essential component of embryonic development, congenital malformations, degenerative diseases, inflammation and cancer and thus has widespread appeal to the biomedical field. Moreover, scientists are now harnessing this information for the purpose of building living blood vessel substitutes for replacement of diseased arteries and veins. This book highlights novel advances in the field of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, including embryogenesis and development, regulation of progenitor cells, cancer and blood vessel regeneration. We consider this book a good initial source of information for graduate students, medical students and scientists interested in the intricacies of blood vessel formation, maturation, disease and replacement.
An international team of experts critically review the recent progress in basic and applied research in angiogenesis. Their cutting-edge discussion ranges from the stimulation and repression of angiogenesis to the discovery of novel targets and the use angiotherapy in the clinic. They also detail the fundamental concepts in the physiology and pathophysiology of angiogenesis and evaluate the potential of angiotherapy in the management of angiogenic disease, highlighting some of the angiogenics and antiangiogenics both in development and in clinical trials.
Novel injectable materials for non-invasive surgical procedures are becoming increasingly popular. An advantage of these materials include easy deliverability into the body, however the suitability of their mechanical properties must also be carefully considered. Injectable biomaterials covers the materials, properties and biomedical applications of injectable materials, as well as novel developments in the technology. Part one focuses on materials and properties, with chapters covering the design of injectable biomaterials as well as their rheological properties and the mechanical properties of injectable polymers and composites. Part two covers the clinical applications of injectable biomaterials, including chapters on drug delivery, tissue engineering and orthopaedic applications as well as injectable materials for gene delivery systems. In part three, existing and developing technologies are discussed. Chapters in this part cover such topics as environmentally responsive biomaterials, injectable nanotechnology, injectable biodegradable materials and biocompatibility. There are also chapters focusing on troubleshooting and potential future applications of injectable biomaterials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Injectable biomaterials is a standard reference for materials scientists and researchers working in the biomaterials industry, as well as those with an academic interest in the subject. It will also be beneficial to clinicians. Comprehensively examines the materials, properties and biomedical applications of injectable materials, as well as novel developments in the technology Reviews the design of injectable biomaterials as well as their rheological properties and the mechanical properties of injectable polymers and composites Explores clinical applications of injectable biomaterials, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, orthopaedic applications and injectable materials for gene delivery systems