biocontrol agents and secondary metabolites

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Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites
Author : Sudisha Jogaiah
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-12-01
ISBN 10 : 0128230940
Pages : 726 pages
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Biocontrol and Secondary Metabolites: Applications and Immunization for Plant Growth and Protection covers established and updated research on emerging trends in plant defense signaling in, and during, stress phases. Other topics cover growth at interface as a sustainable way of life and the context of human welfare and conservation of fungi as a group of organisms. Further, the book explores induced systemic resistance using biocontrol agents and/or secondary metabolites as a milestone for sustainable agricultural production, thus providing opportunities for the minimization or elimination of the use of fungicides. Presents an overview on mechanisms by which plants protect themselves against herbivory and pathogenic microbes Identifies the use of immunization as a popular and effective alternative to chemical pesticides Explores how these fungi help crop plants in better uptake of soil nutrients, increase soil fertility, produce growth promoting substances, and secrete metabolites that act as bio-pesticides

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms
Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Chetan Keswani,M. S. Reddy,Estibaliz Sansinenea,Carlos García-Estrada
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-04-15
ISBN 10 : 9811358621
Pages : 404 pages
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Recent changes in the pattern of agricultural practices from use of hazardous pesticides to natural (organic) cultivation has brought into focus the use of agriculturally important microorganisms for carrying out analogous functions. The reputation of plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms (PGPRs) is due to their antagonistic mechanisms against most of the fungal and bacterial phytopathogens. The biocontrol potential of agriculturally important microorganisms is mostly attributed to their bioactive secondary metabolites. However, low shelf life of many potential agriculturally important microorganisms impairs their use in agriculture and adoption by farmers. The focal theme of this book is to highlight the potential of employing biosynthesized secondary metabolites (SMs) from agriculturally important microorganisms for management of notorious phytopathogens, as a substitute of the currently available whole organism formulations and also as alternatives to hazardous synthetic pesticides. Accordingly, we have incorporated a comprehensive rundown of sections which particularly examine the SMs synthesized, secreted and induced by various agriculturally important microorganisms and their applications in agriculture. Section 1 includes discussion on biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites from fungal biocontrol agents. This section will cover the various issues such as development of formulation of secondary metabolites, genomic basis of metabolic diversity, metabolomic profiling of fungal biocontrol agents, novel classes of antimicrobial peptides. The section 1 will also cover the role of these secondary metabolites in antagonist-host interaction and application of biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites for management of plant diseases. Section 2 will discuss the biosynthesized secondary metabolites from bacterial PGPRs, strain dependent effects on plant metabolome profile, bio-prospecting various isolates of bacterial PGPRs for potential secondary metabolites and non-target effects of PGPR on microbial community structure and functions. Section 3 encompasses synthesis of antimicrobial secondary metabolites from beneficial endophytes, bio-prospecting medicinal and aromatic hosts and effect of endophytic SMs on plants under biotic and biotic stress conditions.

Endophytes and Secondary Metabolites
Author : Sumita Jha
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-09-28
ISBN 10 : 9783319904832
Pages : 720 pages
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This reference work presents an authoritative review of endophytes and their applications to human welfare. Endophytes have become a class of interesting and curious microorganisms due to their intimate intra- and intercellular association with plants for competence, survival and reproduction. They can be bacteria or fungi, and they are usually non-pathogenic to their host. Endophytes have important applications in agriculture and industry, namely, they can help with plant growth, act as biocontrol agents and biosurfactant and secondary metabolite producers, and they are also rich sources of bioactive natural products. Novel and beneficial effects of endophytes are constantly emerging, and this book, divided into four sections, provides readers with the latest developments in this fast expanding field. In the first section, readers will discover the biology of the major groups of endophytes, followed by a summary of conventional and molecular tools for endophytes’ identification in Section II. The production of high-value metabolites by endophytes will be explored in the third section of this book, and in the final section, readers will find several case studies, examples and prospects for endophytes’ application in agriculture and industry. Written by leading international authors, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership, from students and researchers in the field of botany, biotechnology and agriculture to professionals interested in the production and applications of endophytic metabolites.

Secondary Metabolites in Soil Ecology
Author : Petr Karlovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-01-03
ISBN 10 : 9783540745433
Pages : 294 pages
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Microbiologists and soil scientists will find this study compelling reading. It focuses on the role of bacterial, fungal and plant secondary metabolites in soil ecosystems. Our understanding of the biological function of secondary metabolites is surprisingly limited, considering our knowledge of their structural diversity and pharmaceutical activity. This book reviews functional aspects of secondary metabolite production, with a focus on interactions among soil organisms.

Secondary Metabolites
Author : Ramasamy Vijayakumar,Suresh S.S. Raja
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-09-05
ISBN 10 : 1789236428
Pages : 148 pages
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This book consists of an introductory overview of secondary metabolites, which are classified into four main sections: microbial secondary metabolites, plant secondary metabolites, secondary metabolites through tissue culture technique, and regulation of secondary metabolite production. This book provides a comprehensive account on the secondary metabolites of microorganisms, plants, and the production of secondary metabolites through biotechnological approach like the plant tissue culture method. The regulatory mechanisms of secondary metabolite production in plants and the pharmaceutical and other applications of various secondary metabolites are also highlighted. This book is considered as necessary reading for microbiologists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, and botanists who are doing research in secondary metabolites. It should also be useful to MSc students, MPhil and PhD scholars, scientists, and faculty members of various science disciplines.

Plant Defence: Biological Control
Author : Jean Michel Mérillon,Kishan Gopal Ramawat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-10-03
ISBN 10 : 9789400719330
Pages : 412 pages
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To meet the challenge of feeding ever increasing human population, efficient, economical and environment friendly disease control methods are required. Pests are responsible for heavy crop losses and reduced food supplies, poorer quality of agricultural products, economic hardship for growers and processor. Generally, chemical control methods are neither always economical nor are they effective and may have associated unwanted health, safety and environmental risks. Biological control involves use of beneficial microorganism to control plant pathogens and diseases they cause and offers an environmental friendly approach to the effective management of plant diseases. This book provides a comprehensive account of interaction of host and its pathogens, induced host resistance, development of biological control agents for practical applications, the underlying mechanism and signal transduction. The book is useful to all those working in academia or industry related to crop protection.

Working Document on the Risk Assessment of Secondary Metabolites of Microbial Biocontrol Agents
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2018
ISBN 10 : 9789264506442
Pages : 132 pages
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This working document has been prepared to address the assessment of secondary metabolites of microbial biocontrol agents. The main focus of this working document is the assessment of the hazards and risk of secondary metabolites produced during the manufacturing of microbial pest control products and after their application in the field. This document addresses a number of important topics for secondary metabolites, including concerns that microbial pest control products could be associated with known or as yet uncharacterised 'new' secondary metabolites. A background document is available as an annex to help provide clarity on issues and terminology related to secondary metabolites of microbial biocontrol agents. This document may also form the basis of a future OECD Guidance Document on the subject.

Secondary Metabolites in Soil Ecology
Author : Petr Karlovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-01-03
ISBN 10 : 9783540745433
Pages : 294 pages
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Microbiologists and soil scientists will find this study compelling reading. It focuses on the role of bacterial, fungal and plant secondary metabolites in soil ecosystems. Our understanding of the biological function of secondary metabolites is surprisingly limited, considering our knowledge of their structural diversity and pharmaceutical activity. This book reviews functional aspects of secondary metabolite production, with a focus on interactions among soil organisms.

Isolation and Structure Elucidation of Bioactive Secondary Metabolites from Microbial Sources
Author : Kate J. Graham
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1994
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 222 pages
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Microbial organisms often produce biologically active and chemically intriguing secondary metabolites. To isolate and characterize compounds of novel activity and structure, bioassay- guided fractionations were employed on a variety of natural products sources. Active compounds were characterized by spectroscopic analysis and X-ray diffraction methods. As a result of these studies, six projects were completed, resulting in the purification of a diverse range of compounds containing activity in a variety of assays. A coumarin and parahydroxyphenylethanol were determined to possess phytotoxic activity from fungal pathogens. Two novel C-glycosidic compounds from a bacterial plant pathogen were found to be the first low molecular weight elicitors of the hypersensitive response in plants. A verticillin of the epi-polythiodiketopiperazine class isolated from a soil fungus was discovered to be responsible for inhibition of ras farnesylation transferase. Leafcutter ants were found to be deterred by the presence of a novel sesqualterpenoid in epiphylls. Finally, inhibitors of the PDGF receptor were isolated and characterized from a lichen.

Microbial Secondary Metabolites: Recent Developments and Technological Challenges
Author : Bhim Pratap Singh,Mostafa E. Rateb,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli,Wen-Jun Li
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-08-02
ISBN 10 : 2889459012
Pages : 329 pages
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Research on microbes plays an essential role in the improvement of biotechnological and biomedical areas. It has turned into a subject of expanding significance as new organisms and their related biomolecules are being characterized for several applications in health and agriculture. Microbial biomolecules confer the ability of microbes to cope with a range of adverse conditions. However, these biomolecules have several advantages over the plant origin, which makes them a suitable target in drug discovery and development. The reasons could be that microbial sources can be genetically engineered to enhance the production of desired natural production by large-scale fermentation. The interaction between microbes and their biotic and abiotic environment is fundamental to numerous processes taking place in the biosphere. The natural environments and hosts of these microorganisms are extremely diverse being reflected by the fact that microbes are widespread and occur in nearly every biological community on Earth. This metabolic versatility makes microbes interesting objects for a range of economically important biotechnological applications. Most of the biotechniques are established but inefficient genetic engineering strategies are still a bottleneck for selected microbe producing industrial scale biomolecules. Therefore, untapped microbial biodiversity and related metablomics, give a noteworthy wellspring of biologicals for the advancement of meds, immunizations, enhanced plants and for other natural applications. The present eBook volume contains articles on microbial secondary metabolites, microbial biosynthetic potential including biosynthetic gene expression, and metagenomics obtained from microorganism isolated unique from habitats like marine sources, endophytes, thermal springs, deserts, etc.

The Fungal Kingdom
Author : Joseph Heitman,Barbara J. Howlett,Pedro W. Crous,Eva H. Stukenbrock,Timothy Yong James,Neil A. R. Gow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-07-10
ISBN 10 : 1555819583
Pages : 1136 pages
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Fungi research and knowledge grew rapidly following recent advances in genetics and genomics. This book synthesizes new knowledge with existing information to stimulate new scientific questions and propel fungal scientists on to the next stages of research. This book is a comprehensive guide on fungi, environmental sensing, genetics, genomics, interactions with microbes, plants, insects, and humans, technological applications, and natural product development.

Fungi As Biocontrol Agents
Author : T. M. Butt,C. Jackson,N. Magan
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2001
ISBN 10 : 9781845933005
Pages : 390 pages
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There is increasing interest in the use of fungi for the control of pests, weeds and diseases. This book brings together perspectives from pathology, ecology, genetics, physiology, production technology, to address the use of fungi as biological control agents.