bio based materials and biotechnologies for eco efficient construction

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Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C. W. Tsang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release Date : 2020-03-02
ISBN 10 : 0128194812
Pages : 630 pages
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Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals.

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-01-11
ISBN 10 : 0081002092
Pages : 464 pages
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Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Construction Biotechnology
Author : Volodymyr Ivanov,Viktor Stabnikov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-10-20
ISBN 10 : 9811014450
Pages : 317 pages
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This book presents the first comprehensive text on construction biomaterials and bioprocesses. It details aspects of construction biotechnology, a new interdisciplinary area involving applications of environmental and industrial microbiology and biotechnology in geotechnical and civil engineering. It also critically reviews all existing and potential construction biotechnology processes. It discusses a number of topics including the biotechnological production of new construction materials such as self-healing concrete, construction biocomposites, construction bioplastics, and biotechnological admixtures to cement. It also addresses construction-related processes like biocementation, bioclogging, soil surface fixation and biosealing, microbial cements and grouts, the biocoating of construction material surfaces, the microbiology and biosafety of the construction environment, the prevention of biocorrosion as well as biodeterioration and biofouling in civil engineering. Biomediated precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and iron compounds as carbonates, phosphates, sulphides, and silicate minerals in soil for its clogging and strengthening are considered from geotechnical, chemical, and microbiological points of view. It offers an overview of the basic microbiology that will enable civil engineers to perform the construction biogeochemical processes. Design principles and considerations for different field implementations are discussed from a practical point of view. The book can be used as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students in biotechnology, civil engineering and environmental engineering as well as a reference book for researchers and practitioners working in this new interdisciplinary area.

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency
Author : F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-02-04
ISBN 10 : 3319275054
Pages : 484 pages
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This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials
Author : Dennis Jones,Christian Brischke
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-07-07
ISBN 10 : 0081009925
Pages : 650 pages
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Performance of Bio-based Building Materials provides guidance on the use of bio-based building materials (BBBM) with respect to their performance. The book focuses on BBBM currently present on the European market. The state-of-the-art is presented regarding material properties, recommended uses, performance expectancies, testing methodology, and related standards. Chapters cover both ‘old and traditional’ BBBM since quite a few of them are experiencing a comeback on the market. Promising developments that could become commercial in the near future are presented as well. The book will be a valuable reference resource for those working in the bio-based materials research community, architects and agencies dealing with sustainable construction, and graduate students in civil engineering. Takes a unique approach to bio-based materials and presents a broad overview of the topics on relevant areas necessary for application and promotion in construction Contains a general description, notable properties related to performance, and applications Presents standards that are structured according to performance types

Biobased Smart Polyurethane Nanocomposites
Author : Niranjan Karak
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2017-08-08
ISBN 10 : 1788011805
Pages : 360 pages
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Polyurethane nanocomposites present an attractive and sustainable way for designing smart materials that can be used in packaging, health and energy applications. Biobased Smart Polyurethane Nanocomposites brings together the most recent research in the field from the basic concepts through to their applications. Special emphasis is given to sustainable biodegradable polyurethane nanocomposites with hyperbranched architecture. The book introduces biobased polyurethanes and the nanomaterials that can be used as nanocomposites followed by the resulting polyurethane nanocomposites. The second part then explores important applications in paints and surface coatings, shape memory, self-healing, self-cleaning, biomaterials and packaging materials. Written by a leading expert on polyurethane nanocomposites, the book is a great introduction to this smart material and its applications.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies
Author : Enrico Benetto,Kilian Gericke,Mélanie Guiton
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-07-03
ISBN 10 : 3319669818
Pages : 520 pages
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This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

Bio-aggregate-based Building Materials
Author : Sofiane Amziane,Laurent Arnaud
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-02-05
ISBN 10 : 111857706X
Pages : 336 pages
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Using plant material as raw materials for construction is arelatively recent and original topic of research. This bookpresents an overview of the current knowledge on the materialproperties and environmental impact of construction materials madefrom plant particles, which are renewable, recyclable and easilyavailable. It focuses on particles and as well on fibers issuedfrom hemp plant, as well as discussing hemp concretes. The bookbegins by setting the environmental, economic and social context ofagro-concretes, before discussing the nature of plant-basedaggregates and binders. The formulation, implementation andmechanical behavior of such building materials are the subject ofthe following chapters. The focus is then put upon the hygrothermalbehavior and acoustical properties of hempcrete, followed by theuse of plant-based concretes in structures. The book concludes withthe study of life-cycle analysis (LCA) of the environmentalcharacteristics of a banked hempcrete wall on a woodenskeleton. Contents 1. Environmental, Economic and Social Context of Agro-Concretes,Vincent Nozahic and Sofiane Amziane. 2. Characterization of Plant-Based Aggregates. VincentPicandet. 3. Binders, Gilles Escadeillas, Camille Magniont, Sofiane Amzianeand Vincent Nozahic. 4. Formulation and Implementation, Christophe Lanos, FlorenceCollet, Gérard Lenain and Yves Hustache. 5. Mechanical Behavior, Laurent Arnaud, Sofiane Amziane, VincentNozahic and Etienne Gourlay. 6. Hygrothermal Behavior of Hempcrete, Laurent Arnaud, Driss Samriand Étienne Gourlay. 7. Acoustical Properties of Hemp Concretes, Philippe Glé,Emmanuel Gourdon and Laurent Arnaud. 8. Plant-Based Concretes in Structures: Structural Aspect –Addition of a Wooden Support to Absorb the Strain, Philippe Munozand Didier Pipet. 9. Examination of the Environmental Characteristics of a BankedHempcrete Wall on a Wooden Skeleton, by Lifecycle Analysis:Feedback on the LCA Experiment from 2005, Marie-Pierre Boutin andCyril Flamin. About the Authors Sofiane Amziane is Professor and head of the Civil Engineeringdepartment at POLYTECH Clermont-Ferrand in France. He is also incharge of the research program dealing with bio-based buildingmaterials at Blaise Pascal University (Institut Pascal, ClermontFerrand, France). He is the secretary of the RILEM TechnicalCommittee 236-BBM dealing with bio-based building materials and theauthor or co-author of over one hundred papers in scientificjournals such as Cement and Concrete Research, Composite Structuresor Construction Building Materials as well as internationalconferences. Laurent Arnaud is a Bridges, Waters and Forestry Engineer(Ingénieur des Ponts, Eaux et Forêts) and researcher atJoseph Fourier University in Grenoble, France. He is also Professorat ENTPE (Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l’Etat).Trained in the field of mechanical engineering, his research hasbeen directed toward the characterization and development of newmaterials for civil engineering and construction. He is head of theinternational committee at RILEM – BBM, as well as the authorof more than one hundred publications, and holder of aninternational invention patent.

Biobased Products and Industries
Author : Charis M. Galanakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-01-23
ISBN 10 : 0128201533
Pages : 434 pages
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Biobased Products and Industries fills the gap between academia and industry by covering all the important aspects of biobased products and their relevant industries in one single reference. Highlighting different perspectives of the bioeconomy, EU relevant projects, as well as the environmental impact of biobased materials and sustainability, the book covers biobased polymers, plastics, nanocomposites, packaging materials, electric devices, biofuels, textiles, consumer goods, and biocatalysis for the decarboxylation and decarboxylation of biobased molecules, including biobased products from alternative sources (algae) and the biobased production of chemicals through metabolic engineering. Focusing on the most recent advances in the field, the book also analyzes the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products. Highlights the important aspects of biobased products as well as their relevant industries in one single reference Focuses on the most recent advances in the field, analyzing the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products Provides an ideal resource for anyone dealing with bioresource technology, biomass valorization and new products development

Start-Up Creation
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen,Claes G. Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov,Habil Arturas Kaklauskas,Stephen Makonin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-05-14
ISBN 10 : 0081005490
Pages : 510 pages
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Start-Up Creation: The Smart Eco-efficient Built Environment provides a state-of-the-art review on high-technology applications and explains how these can be applied to improve the eco-efficiency of the built environment. Divided into four main parts, the book explains the key factors behind successful startup companies that grow from university research, including the development of a business plan, the importance of intellectual property, necessary entrepreneurial skills, and innovative thinking. Part Two presents the latest research findings on nano and bio-based technologies and their application and use to the energy efficiency of the built environment. Part Three focuses on the use of genetic algorithms, Big Data, and the Internet of Things applications. Finally, the book ends with an entire section dedicated to App development using selected case studies that illustrate their application and use for monitoring building energy-efficiency. Presents a definitive guide for startups that arise from college and university research, and how the application of advanced technologies can be applied to the built environment Includes case studies on new advanced technologies and apps development Links startup creation to the eco-efficient built environment through software applications

Bio-based Materials for Food Packaging
Author : Shakeel Ahmed
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-05
ISBN 10 : 981131909X
Pages : 303 pages
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This book provides an overview of the lastest developments in biobased materials and their applications in food packaging. Written by experts in their respective research domain, its thirteen chapters discuss in detail fundamental knowledge on bio based materials. It is intended as a reference book for researchers, students, research scholars, academicians and scientists seeking biobased materials for food packaging applications.

Biomass, Biopolymer-Based Materials, and Bioenergy
Author : Deepak Verma,Elena Fortunati,Siddharth Jain,Xiaolei Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-01-12
ISBN 10 : 0081024274
Pages : 558 pages
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Biomass, Biopolymer-Based Materials and Bioenergy: Construction, Biomedical and Other Industrial Applications covers a broad range of material types, including natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, particulate composites, fiberboard, wood fiber composites, and plywood composite that utilize natural, renewable and biodegradable agricultural biomass. In terms of bioenergy, the authors explore not only the well-known processing methods of biofuels, but also the kinetics of biofuels production pathways, a techno-economic analysis on biomass gasification, and biomass gasification with further upgrading into diesel additives and hybrid renewable energy systems for power generation. Further chapters discuss advanced techniques for the development of biomass-based composites, biopolymer-based composites, biomass gasification, thermal kinetic design and techno-economic analysis of biomass gasification. By introducing these topics, the book highlights a totally new research theme in biopolymer-based composite materials and bioenergy. Covers a broad range of different research fields, including biopolymer and natural fiber reinforcement used in the development of composites Demonstrates key research themes in materials science and engineering, including materials processing, polymer science, biofuel processing, and thermal and kinetic studies Presents valuable information for those working in research and development departments, and for graduate students (Masters and PhDs)

Bio-Based Plastics
Author : Stephan Kabasci
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-10-02
ISBN 10 : 1118676734
Pages : 392 pages
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The field of bio-based plastics has developed significantly in the last 10 years and there is increasing pressure on industries to shift existing materials production from petrochemicals to renewables. Bio-based Plastics presents an up-to-date overview of the basic and applied aspects of bioplastics, focusing primarily on thermoplastic polymers for material use. Emphasizing materials currently in use or with significant potential for future applications, this book looks at the most important biopolymer classes such as polysaccharides, lignin, proteins and polyhydroxyalkanoates as raw materials for bio-based plastics, as well as materials derived from bio-based monomers like lipids, poly(lactic acid), polyesters, polyamides and polyolefines. Detailed consideration is also given to the market and availability of renewable raw materials, the importance of bio-based content and the aspect of biodegradability. Topics covered include: Starch Cellulose and cellulose acetate Materials based on chitin and chitosan Lignin matrix composites from natural resources Polyhydroxyalkanoates Poly(lactic acid) Polyesters, Polyamides and Polyolefins from biomass derived monomers Protein-based plastics Bio-based Plastics is a valuable resource for academic and industrial researchers who are interested in new materials, renewable resources, sustainability and polymerization technology. It will also prove useful for advanced students interested in the development of bio-based products and materials, green and sustainable chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials science. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

The Biobased Economy
Author : Hans Langeveld,Johan Sanders,Marieke Meeusen
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 0415631327
Pages : 416 pages
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The impending threats of catastrophic climate change and peak oil are driving our society towards increased use of biomass for energy, chemical compounds and other materials – the beginnings of a biobased economy. As alternative development models for the biobased economy emerge, we need to determine potential applications, their perspectives and possible impacts as well as policies that can steer technological and market development in such a way that our objectives are met. Currently, it is still far from clear what will be the most sustainable routes to follow, which technologies should be included, and how their development will affect, and be affected by, research, public opinion and policy and market forces. This groundbreaking work, edited by a group of leading researchers originally from Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands, sets out to unpick the complex systems in play. It provides an illuminating framework for how policy and market players could and should drive the development of a biobased economy that is effective, sustainable, fair and cost efficient. Starting with a state-of-the-art overview of major biobased technologies, including biorefinery and technologies for the production of biofuels, biogas, biomass feedstocks for chemistry and bioplastics, it discusses how different actor groups interact through policy and markets. Information from case studies is used to demonstrate how the potential of the biobased economy in different parts of the world, such as North America, Europe, and emerging economies like China and Brazil can be realised using research, debate, policy and commercial development. The result is an essential resource for all those working in or concerned with biobased industries, their policy or research.

Biobased Industrial Products
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Biobased Industrial Products
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2000-02-16
ISBN 10 : 9780309175401
Pages : 162 pages
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Petroleum-based industrial products have gradually replaced products derived from biological materials. However, biologically based products are making a comeback--because of a threefold increase in farm productivity and new technologies. Biobased Industrial Products envisions a biobased industrial future, where starch will be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils will become a routine component in lubricants and detergents. Biobased Industrial Products overviews the U.S. land resources available for agricultural production, summarizes plant materials currently produced, and describes prospects for increasing varieties and yields. The committee discusses the concept of the biorefinery and outlines proven and potential thermal, mechanical, and chemical technologies for conversion of natural resources to industrial applications. The committee also illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased products through existing examples, as well as products still on the drawing board, and it identifies priorities for research and development.

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites
Author : Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080454344
Pages : 640 pages
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Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Bio-Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials
Author : Gianluca Tondi,Thomas Schnabel
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-05-20
ISBN 10 : 303928925X
Pages : 568 pages
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With daily signals, Nature is communicating us that its unconscious wicked exploitation is no more sustainable. Our socio-economic system focuses on production increasing without considering the consequences. We are intoxicating ourselves on a daily bases just to allow the system to perpetuate itself. The time to switch into more natural solutions is come and the scientific community is ready to offer more natural product with comparable performance then the market products we are used to deal with. This book collects a broad set of scientific examples in which research groups from all over the world, aim to replace fossil fuel-based solutions with biomass derived materials. In here, some of the most innovative developments in the field of bio-materials are reported considering topics which goes from biomass valorization to the synthesis of high preforming bio-based materials.

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites
Author : Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080454344
Pages : 640 pages
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Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Bioeconomy
Author : Iris Lewandowski
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-12-11
ISBN 10 : 3319681524
Pages : 356 pages
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability. The authors are ideally situated to elaborate on the diverse aspects of the bioeconomy. They have acquired in-depth experience of interdisciplinary research through the university’s focus on “Bioeconomy”, its contribution to the Bioeconomy Research Program of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, and its participation in the German Bioeconomy Council. With the number of bioeconomy-related projects at European universities rising, this book will provide graduate students and researchers with background information on the bioeconomy. It will familiarize scientific readers with bioeconomy-related terms and give scientific background for economists, agronomists and natural scientists alike.

Industrialization of Biology
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Industrialization of Biology: A Roadmap to Accelerate the Advanced Manufacturing of Chemicals
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2015-06-29
ISBN 10 : 0309316553
Pages : 167 pages
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The tremendous progress in biology over the last half century - from Watson and Crick's elucidation of the structure of DNA to today's astonishing, rapid progress in the field of synthetic biology - has positioned us for significant innovation in chemical production. New bio-based chemicals, improved public health through improved drugs and diagnostics, and biofuels that reduce our dependency on oil are all results of research and innovation in the biological sciences. In the past decade, we have witnessed major advances made possible by biotechnology in areas such as rapid, low-cost DNA sequencing, metabolic engineering, and high-throughput screening. The manufacturing of chemicals using biological synthesis and engineering could expand even faster. A proactive strategy - implemented through the development of a technical roadmap similar to those that enabled sustained growth in the semiconductor industry and our explorations of space - is needed if we are to realize the widespread benefits of accelerating the industrialization of biology. Industrialization of Biology presents such a roadmap to achieve key technical milestones for chemical manufacturing through biological routes. This report examines the technical, economic, and societal factors that limit the adoption of bioprocessing in the chemical industry today and which, if surmounted, would markedly accelerate the advanced manufacturing of chemicals via industrial biotechnology. Working at the interface of synthetic chemistry, metabolic engineering, molecular biology, and synthetic biology, Industrialization of Biology identifies key technical goals for next-generation chemical manufacturing, then identifies the gaps in knowledge, tools, techniques, and systems required to meet those goals, and targets and timelines for achieving them. This report also considers the skills necessary to accomplish the roadmap goals, and what training opportunities are required to produce the cadre of skilled scientists and engineers needed.