balancing regional greenhouse gas budgets

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The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy
Author : Riccardo Valentini,Franco Miglietta
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-12-29
ISBN 10 : 364232424X
Pages : 211 pages
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The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.

The Budget of the United States Government
Author : United States
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2015
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Grassland Carbon Sequestration
Author : M. T. Abberton,Richard Theodore Conant,Caterina Batello
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 338 pages
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This book profiles 13 contributions by some of the world's most active scientists on the subject of measuring soil carbon in grassland systems and sustainable grassland management practices. While many different aspects of carbon sequestration in grasslands are covered, many gaps in our knowledge are also revealed, and it is hoped that this book will promote discussion, prompt further research, contribute to develop global and national grassland strategies and contribute to sustainable production intensification.

The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 240 pages
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Accompanying CD-ROM contains full text of book and appendixes. Cf. menu frames of CD-ROM.

Land Use Change and Balances of Greenhouse Gases in Colombian Tropical Savannas
Author : Marco Antonio Rondon
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2000
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 422 pages
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Rainfall-induced soil surface sealing was found to reduce the exchange of gases between the soil and the atmosphere under laboratory conditions. Field studies found that induced soil compaction decreased methane oxidation rate from soils.

Year of the Ocean Discussion Papers
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1998
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe
Author : Han Dolman,Riccardo Valentini,A. Freibauer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-06-06
ISBN 10 : 0387765700
Pages : 390 pages
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This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture
Author : Todd S. Rosenstock,Mariana C. Rufino,Klaus Butterbach-Bahl,Lini Wollenberg,Meryl Richards
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-23
ISBN 10 : 3319297945
Pages : 203 pages
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​​This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective
Author : László Haszpra
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-29
ISBN 10 : 9789048199501
Pages : 393 pages
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Human induced global climate change is the biggest challenge humankind faces today. Increasing amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases play a crucial role in the evolution of the climate. Without the understanding of the contributing processes, feedbacks and interactions we cannot predict the future changes and develop effective mitigation strategies. To decrease the uncertainty of the global studies detailed regional studies are needed surveying the regional characteristics of the atmospheric greenhouse gas budget and the influencing factors. Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective covers a coherent subset of the Hungarian climate change oriented research that is directly related to greenhouse gases. Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the anthropogenic contribution of Hungary to the greenhouse gas budget of the atmosphere. The studies call the attention to the regional properties which may modulate the European scale or global picture on the variation of atmospheric greenhouse gases.

The Budget of the United States Government
Author : United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Climate Change
Author : The Royal Society,National Academy of Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2014-02-26
ISBN 10 : 0309302021
Pages : 36 pages
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Climate Change: Evidence and Causes is a jointly produced publication of The US National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society. Written by a UK-US team of leading climate scientists and reviewed by climate scientists and others, the publication is intended as a brief, readable reference document for decision makers, policy makers, educators, and other individuals seeking authoritative information on the some of the questions that continue to be asked. Climate Change makes clear what is well-established and where understanding is still developing. It echoes and builds upon the long history of climate-related work from both national academies, as well as on the newest climate-change assessment from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It touches on current areas of active debate and ongoing research, such as the link between ocean heat content and the rate of warming.

The Role of Boreal Forests and Forestry in the Global Carbon Budget
Author : International Boreal Forest Research Association. Conference,Cindy Shaw,Michael J. Apps,Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2002
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 326 pages
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