The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.
|Author||: Han Dolman,Riccardo Valentini,A. Freibauer|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2008-06-06|
|ISBN 10||: 0387765700|
|Pages||: 390 pages|
This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.
This book profiles 13 contributions by some of the world's most active scientists on the subject of measuring soil carbon in grassland systems and sustainable grassland management practices. While many different aspects of carbon sequestration in grasslands are covered, many gaps in our knowledge are also revealed, and it is hoped that this book will promote discussion, prompt further research, contribute to develop global and national grassland strategies and contribute to sustainable production intensification.
Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines
|Release Date||: 2007|
|Pages||: 240 pages|
|Author||: Marco Antonio Rondon|
|Release Date||: 2000|
|Pages||: 422 pages|
Rainfall-induced soil surface sealing was found to reduce the exchange of gases between the soil and the atmosphere under laboratory conditions. Field studies found that induced soil compaction decreased methane oxidation rate from soils.
Coverage: 1982- current; updated: monthly. This database covers current ecology research across a wide range of disciplines, reflecting recent advances in light of growing evidence regarding global environmental change and destruction. Major ares of subject coverage include: Algae/lichens, Animals, Annelids, Aquatic ecosystems, Arachnids, Arid zones, Birds, Brackish water, Bryophytes/pteridophytes, Coastal ecosystems, Conifers, Conservation, Control, Crustaceans, Ecosyst em studies, Fungi, Grasses, Grasslands, High altitude environments, Human ecology, Insects, Legumes, Mammals, Management, Microorganisms, Molluscs, Nematodes, Paleo-ecology, Plants, Pollution studies, Reptiles, River basins, Soil, TAiga/tundra, Terrestrial ecosystems, Vertebrates, Wetlands, Woodlands.
Conclusions and recommendations of conference working groups. Background. Global distribution of the major soils and land cover types. Exchange of greenhouse gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Estimating the effect of changing land use on transpiration and evaporation. The effect changing land cover on the surface energy balance. Remote sensing techniques for monitoring of vegetation, and for estimating evapotranspiration and phytomass production . Soil processes and properties involved in the production of greenhouse gases, with special relevance to soil taxonomic systems. Geography. Quantification of soil and change in their properties. Modelling global terrestrial sources and sinkes of CO2 with special reference to soil organic matter. Biotic sources of nitous oxide(N2O) in the context of the global budget of nitrous oxide. Soil and land use related sources and sinks of methane(CH4) in the context of the global methane budget. Gas flux measurement techiques with special reference to techniques suitable for measurements over large ecologically uniform areas. Analysis of vegetation changes using satellite data. Global data bases for evaluating trace gas sources and sinks. The effect of land use change on net radiation and its partitioning into heat fluxes. Quantification of regional dry and wet canopy evaporation. Concluding ramarks. Extended abstracts. Greenhouse gas fluxes; carbon dioxide. Grenhouse gas fluxes; methane., Grenhouse gas fluxes; nitrous oxide. Methods. Partitioning of solar energy. Soil moisture.
|Author||: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Climate Research Committee,Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate|
|Publisher||: National Academies Press|
|Release Date||: 2005-03-25|
|ISBN 10||: 9780309133500|
|Pages||: 222 pages|
Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Earthâ€™s energy balance. These climate drivers or "forcings" include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Earthâ€™s history has varied from "snowball" conditions with global ice cover to "hothouse" conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current knowledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.
Water Resources and Coastal Management presents a comprehensive and unique collection of articles which provide an interdisciplinary perspective on the science and management of global coastal resources. This important volume comprises five main sections. Part I reviews basic scientific concepts and underpinning knowledge of the processes at work in this dynamic environment. Part II considers how the natural variability of coastal zone environments has been unsustainably exacerbated by development and exploitation of such resources. Parts III and IV focus upon the various aspects of the management response options that could or have been deployed both in developed and developing countries. Finally, Part V examines the management issues that surround regional seas and their, often international, resource regions.
The International Peat Society IPS established a joint IPS Working Group on Peatlands and Climate Change in the end of the year 2005. The Working Group’s task was to compile information into a summary of available knowledge to help the IPS and other actors to understand the role of peatlands and peat within the current context of global climate change.
|Author||: International Boreal Forest Research Association. Conference,Cindy Shaw,Michael J. Apps,Northern Forestry Centre (Canada)|
|Release Date||: 2002|
|Pages||: 326 pages|
Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. FAO conducted a detailed analysis of GHG emissions at multiple stages of various livestock supply chains, including the production and transport of animal feed, on-farm energy use, emissions from animal digestion and manure decay, as well as the post-slaughter transport, refrigeration and packaging of animal products. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestocks contribution to global warming as well as the sectors potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.
|Author||: Werner Alexander Kurz,Canada-British Columbia Partnership Agreement on Forest Resource Development: FRDA II.,British Columbia. Ministry of Forests,Canadian Forest Service|
|Release Date||: 1996|
|Pages||: 62 pages|
The Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector is a national-scale model of forest sector carbon pools and fluxes. This model has been applied to conduct a retrospective analysis of the carbon budget of British Columbia forests for 1920-1989. This report details the assumptions behind the model and the data sources for historic disturbances such as wildfire, forest insects, and different types of harvesting. It then presents model results for biomass and soil carbon pools, carbon fluxes, changes in forest age-class structure, and the model's sensitivity to a change in the assumption that biomass can decline in the overmature growth phase. The appendix includes a summary of a workshop examining the retrospective analysis.