Aviation Fuels provides up-to-date data on fuel effects on combustion performance and use of alternative fuels in aircraft. This book covers the latest advances on aviation fuel technologies, including alternative fuels, feedstocks and manufacturing processes, combustion performance, chemical modeling, and the technical, environmental, economic and political challenges for implementing the use of alternative fuels for aviation. Aviation fuel and combustion researchers, academics, and program managers for aviation technologies will value this comprehensive overview and summary on the present status of aviation fuels. Presents an overview on all relevant fields of aviation fuels, including production, approval and combustion (including emissions) Discusses the environmental impacts and carbon footprint of alternative fuels Features a chapter on electric flight and how its implementation will impact the aviation industry
|Release Date||: 1945|
|Pages||: 75 pages|
|Author||: Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Materials Advisory Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council|
|Publisher||: National Academies Press|
|Release Date||: 1997-09-18|
|ISBN 10||: 0309553423|
|Pages||: 126 pages|
The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.
|Author||: American Society for Testing and Materials|
|Release Date||: 1973|
|Pages||: 506 pages|
For technical readers in the aviation and fuel industries, and in testing laboratories, explores the history and philosophy of the thermal stability of aviation fuel, and considerations during the fuel's manufacture, storage and transport, use, and assessment. The 13 papers, representing a number of
Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch
|Author||: O. C. Blade|
|Release Date||: 1953|
|Pages||: 15 pages|
|Author||: R. G. Davies|
|Release Date||: 1970|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Aircraft emissions currently account for ~3.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions. The number of passenger miles has increased by 5% annually despite 9/11, two wars and gloomy economic conditions. Since aircraft have no viable alternative to the internal combustion engine, improvements in aircraft efficiency and alternative fuel development become essential. This book comprehensively covers the relevant issues in green aviation. Environmental impacts, technology advances, public policy and economics are intricately linked to the pace of development that will be realized in the coming decades. Experts from NASA, industry and academia review current technology development in green aviation that will carry the industry through 2025 and beyond. This includes increased efficiency through better propulsion systems, reduced drag airframes, advanced materials and operational changes. Clean combustion and emission control of noise, exhaust gases and particulates are also addressed through combustor design and the use of alternative fuels. Economic imperatives from aircraft lifetime and maintenance logistics dictate the drive for "drop-in" fuels, blending jet-grade and biofuel. New certification standards for alternative fuels are outlined. Life Cycle Assessments are used to evaluate worldwide biofuel approaches, highlighting that there is no single rational approach for sustainable buildup. In fact, unless local conditions are considered, the use of biofuels can create a net increase in environmental impact as a result of biofuel manufacturing processes. Governmental experts evaluate current and future regulations and their impact on green aviation. Sustainable approaches to biofuel development are discussed for locations around the globe, including the US, EU, Brazil, China and India.
|Author||: R. P. Lindstedt|
|Release Date||: 1997|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
International air and marine travel have been left to one side in past negotiations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but unless something is done, emissions from this segment of the world economy will form a progressively larger percentage of the total, especially as emissions fall in other activities. Will Sustainability Fly? broadens and contextualizes the knowledge resource available to academics, policy makers, air industry leaders and stakeholders, and interested members of the public. The book focuses on fuel, providing background in technical and policy terms, from the broadest reliable sources of information available, for the necessary discourse on society's reaction to the evolving aviation emissions profile.
|Author||: Jag J. Singh|
|Release Date||: 1990|
|Pages||: 40 pages|
Introduces the reader to the production of the products in arefinery • Introduces the reader to the types of test methodsapplied to petroleum products, including the need forspecifications • Provides detailed explanations for accuratelyanalyzing and characterizing modern petroleum products • Rewritten to include new and evolving testmethods • Updates on the evolving test methods and new testmethods as well as the various environmental regulations arepresented
Examines all stages of fuel production, from feedstocks tofinished products Exploring chemical structures and properties, this book shedsnew light on the current science and technology of producing energyefficient and environmentally friendly fuels. Moreover, it explainsthe role of fuel-additives in the production cycle. This expertlywritten and organized guide to fuels and fuel-additives alsopresents requirements, rules and regulations, including US and EUstandards governing automotive emissions, fuel quality andspecifications, alternate fuels, biofuels, antioxidants, depositcontrol detergents/dispersants, stabilizers, corrosion inhibitors,and polymeric fuel-additives. Fuels and Fuel-Additives covers all stages and facets ofthe production of engine fuels as well as heating and fuel oils.The book begins with a quick portrait of the future of fuels andfuel production. Then, it sets forth the regulations controllingexhaust gas emissions and fuel quality from around the world. Next,the book covers: Processing of engine fuels derived from crude oil, includingthe production of blending components Production of alternative fuels Fuel-additives for automotive engines Blending of fuels Key properties of motor fuels and their effects on engines andthe environment Aviation fuels The final chapter of the book deals with fuel oils and marinefuels. Each chapter is extensively referenced, providing a gatewayto the primary and secondary literature in the field. At the end ofthe book, a convenient glossary defines all the key terms used inthe book. Examining the full production cycle from feedstocks to finalproducts, Fuels and Fuel-Additives is recommended forstudents, engineers, and scientists working in fuels and energyproduction.