autophagy cancer other pathologies inflammation immunity infection and aging

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Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-12-28
ISBN 10 : 0128094273
Pages : 430 pages
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Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is an eleven volume series that discusses in detail all aspects of autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. This series discusses the characterization of autophagosome-enriched vaccines and its efficacy in cancer immunotherapy. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to cellular processes while also inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Examines whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor or cell death pathway or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation Features recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, including atherosclerosis and CNS tumors, and their development and treatment Includes chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-12-17
ISBN 10 : 0128029528
Pages : 418 pages
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Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 8 Autophagy and Human Diseases, concentrates on the role of Autophagy in human diseases, including tumorigenesis. The diseases discussed include melanoma, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. Loss of autophagy in the central nervous system causes neurodegeneration (Alzheimers disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkin’s disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). Melanoma is one of the most serious diseases in humans. Autophagy plays a key role in the anticancer response to Chemotherapy. However, autophagy can increase or decrease the effectiveness of chemotherapy. The reasons for these contradictory effects are explained. Autophagy also plays a role in idiopathic inflammatory diseases, infection, and immunity. An explanation is given how autophagy is closely linked to control of innate and adaptive immune responses in host defense in part by regulating cytokine production. The role of autophagy in cutaneous malignant melanoma is discussed in detail and expression of Beclin 1 and LC3 autophagic genes in melanoma is included to explain the molecular mechanisms underlying this very serious disease, which tends to metastasize to the brain. The effect of the treatment of this disease using Terfenadine through the induction of autophagy and apoptosis is also included. Autophagy and apoptosis are two main mechanisms involved in programmed cell death. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-12-26
ISBN 10 : 0124055346
Pages : 432 pages
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Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and up-to-date, this book offers a valuable guide to these cellular processes whilst encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 3 explores the role of autophagy in specific diseases and developments, including: Crohn’s Disease, Gaucher Disease, Huntington’s Disease, HCV infection, osteoarthritis, and liver injury. A full section is devoted to in-depth exploration of autophagy in tumor development and cancer. Finally, the work explores the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis, with attention to the ways in which autophagy regulates apoptosis, and the ways in which autophagy has been explored in Lepidoptera, elucidating the use of larval midgut as a model for such exploration. From these well-developed foundations, researchers, translational scientists, and practitioners may work to better implement more effective therapies against some of the most devastating human diseases. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-14
ISBN 10 : 0128094281
Pages : 370 pages
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Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging, Volume 10 offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes, while encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. This is the tenth volume of the multivolume series that discusses, in detail, almost all aspects of the autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. Volume 10 of the Autophagy series discusses the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth through apoptosis and autophagy. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Contains a direct focus on the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation States recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-04-08
ISBN 10 : 012802951X
Pages : 430 pages
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Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging: Volume 9: Human Diseases and Autophagosome offers a valuable guide to both cellular processes while helping researchers explore their potentially important connections. Volume 9 emphasizes the role of autophagy in diseases, such as leukemia, antifungal and antibacterial immunity, and transplantation. This volume also explains, in detail, the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the formation of autophagosomes, including the progression of omegasomes to autophagosomes. This information is important because one of the major functions of autophagy is to degrade and eliminate excessive, old, and harmful materials from the cell. Autophagosomes receive these materials (cellular cargo) and transport them to lysosomes for degradation. Lysosomes contain the digestive enzymes (hydrolases) that breakdown proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, etc. (self-digestion). To further explain this phenomenon, the role of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the formation of autophagosomes is discussed. ULK1 and Beclin 1 proteins are also important in the initial formation of autophagosomes, and are also discussed. Because much of the early research in this area was carried out using yeast cells, the role of Golgi complex in the autophagosome formation in these cells is explained. This volume also includes an explanation of the role of the autophagy-related gene ATG5 in cancer (e.g., gastrointestinal cancer). Paradoxically, autophagy is a “double-edged sword because it eliminates some pathogens, whereas it can be used by some intracellular pathogens to multiply and cause infection. This book is an asset to newcomers, providing a concise overview of the role of autophagy in necrosis and inflammation, while also serving as an excellent reference for more experienced scientists and clinicians. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death emphasizes autophagy in diseases, such as leukemia Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation States recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Autophagy in Current Trends in Cellular Physiology and Pathology
Author : Nikolai Gorbunov,E. Marion Schneider
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-11-10
ISBN 10 : 9535127268
Pages : 526 pages
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Autophagy in Current Trends in Cellular Physiology and Pathology is addressed to one of the fundamental molecular mechanisms - autophagy- evolutionarily adopted by cells for processing of unnecessary or malfunctioned constituents and shaping intracellular structures, adjusting them to environmental conditions, aging, disease, neoplasia, and damages over their life period. Particular attention is paid to autophagy-mediated barrier processes of selective sequestration and recycling of impaired organelles and degradation of invading microorganisms, that is, the processes sustaining intrinsic resistance to stress, tissue degeneration, toxic exposures, and infections. The presented topics encompass personal experience and visions of the chapter contributors and the editors; the book chapters include a broad analysis of literature on biology of autophagy.

Autophagy in Health and Disease
Author : Roberta A. Gottlieb
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-31
ISBN 10 : 0123851025
Pages : 240 pages
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Autophagy in Health and Disease offers an overview of the latest research in autophagy with a translational emphasis. This publication takes scientific research in autophagy a step further and offers integrated content with advancements in autophagy from cell biology and biochemical research to clinical treatments. A necessary reference for the bookshelf of medical and scientific researchers and students, Autophagy in Health and Disease presents high quality, reputable information on autophagy, allowing the reader quick access to the most applicable information. Discusses current understanding of the roles of autophagy in health and disease Covers the background of autophagy, the development of tools and therapeutics to measure and modulate autophagy, and autophagy in tissues and disease processes Features an accompanying website with figures and tables

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-07-29
ISBN 10 : 0124055354
Pages : 360 pages
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Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series

Fast Start
Author : Dan Vadnais
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2019-12-24
ISBN 10 : 9781650206790
Pages : 27 pages
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What is different from a normal "Water Fast" vs. an "Autophagy Fast" is explained giving you the tools needed to supercharge your fast. In "Fast Start," Dan Vadnais (Fasting Expert, Author & Speaker) will guide you through completing your first 72 hour "Autophagy Fast" in a safe, healthy, way. Topics covered in this book are The Benefits, How to Prepare, What to Get, How To Do The Fast, Breaking the Fast & Bonus Material & Tips. Support groups and links are provided for more support to work with the author is online communities, retreats, events & more.

Handbook on Immunosenescence
Author : Tamas Fulop,Claudio Franceschi,Katsuiki Hirokawa,Graham Pawelec
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-02-27
ISBN 10 : 1402090633
Pages : 1693 pages
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This authoritative handbook covers all aspects of immunosenescence, with contributions from experts in the research and clinical areas. It examines methods and models for studying immunosenescence; genetics; mechanisms including receptors and signal transduction; clinical relevance in disease states including infections, autoimmunity, cancer, metabolic syndrome, neurodegenerative diseases, frailty and osteoporosis; and much more.

Autophagy
Author : Karin Eberhart,Ozlem Oral,Devrim Gozuacik
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-29
ISBN 10 : 012806918X
Pages : 360 pages
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Autophagy is a cellular degradation and recycling pathway contributing to cell survival under stressful conditions (e.g., starvation and growth factor deprivation). Depending on the cellular context, excessive autophagy might sometimes lead to a non-apoptotic programmed death, namely autophagic cell death. Studies using various pharmacological agents and substances with anticancer properties revealed a role for autophagy in cancer cell elimination. In this chapter, we will document and analyze the contribution of autophagy to cell death activated by various anticancer agents. The chapter will be limited to cases where blockage of autophagy using chemical inhibitors or genetic approaches resulted in the survival of cancer cells during drug treatment – hence, to examples of autophagy-related or autophagic cell death (ACD). In other words, in studies that will be discussed here, autophagy seemed to play a rate-limiting role in cellular demise, irrespective of the downstream executionary event. Paradoxically, autophagy was reported to play a prosurvival role (i.e., inhibition of autophagy potentiated cell death) in other cancer cell types treated with similar drugs, underlining the cellular context dependence of ACD. Usage of drugs downregulating anti-autophagic pathways (e.g., mTORC1 and AKT pathways) or stimulating dissociation of the key autophagy protein BECN1 (Beclin 1 protein) from an inhibitory complex with BCL-2 proteins as monotherapy or combination treatment seemed to strongly activate ACD and to overcome the death resistance of cancer cells in several cases. Yet death execution mechanisms downstream of autophagy have been revealed to be multiple. In addition to lysosomal degradation-mediated mechanisms, apoptosis, necroptosis, or lysosomal membrane permeabilization were involved in autophagy-related cell death. Nevertheless, the study and exploitation of autophagy and ACD certainly has the potential to give rise to novel and effective treatment strategies, especially in cancer types that are refractory to conventional chemotherapy and associated with poor prognosis.

Autophagy Regulation of Innate Immunity
Author : Jun Cui
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-14
ISBN 10 : 981150606X
Pages : 203 pages
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This book discusses novel concepts and discoveries concerning the regulation of innate immunity by autophagy and autophagy-related proteins. In the past decade, there have been major advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of autophagy and its physiological functions. This book highlights emerging studies on the underlying mechanisms of autophagy regulation of innate immunity, including inflammation, antiviral immunity and anti-bacterial responses and the signaling pathways that prompt or inhibit the initiation and progression of related diseases. It also offers new ideas and strategies for future drugs based on manipulating autophagy, especially selective autophagy mediated by cargo receptors. Providing a comprehensive overview of the autophagy regulation of innate immunity, it is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in the fields of immunology, cell biology and translational medicine.