ascend ai processor architecture and programming

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Ascend AI Processor Architecture and Programming
Author : Xiaoyao Liang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-07-29
ISBN 10 : 012823489X
Pages : 308 pages

Ascend AI Processor Architecture and Programming: Principles and Applications of CANN offers in-depth AI applications using Huawei’s Ascend chip, presenting and analyzing the unique performance and attributes of this processor. The title introduces the fundamental theory of AI, the software and hardware architecture of the Ascend AI processor, related tools and programming technology, and typical application cases. It demonstrates internal software and hardware design principles, system tools and programming techniques for the processor, laying out the elements of AI programming technology needed by researchers developing AI applications. Chapters cover the theoretical fundamentals of AI and deep learning, the state of the industry, including the current state of Neural Network Processors, deep learning frameworks, and a deep learning compilation framework, the hardware architecture of the Ascend AI processor, programming methods and practices for developing the processor, and finally, detailed case studies on data and algorithms for AI. Presents the performance and attributes of the Huawei Ascend AI processor Describes the software and hardware architecture of the Ascend processor Lays out the elements of AI theory, processor architecture, and AI applications Provides detailed case studies on data and algorithms for AI Offers insights into processor architecture and programming to spark new AI applications

Deep Learning Systems
Author : Andres Rodriguez
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2020-10-26
ISBN 10 : 1681739674
Pages : 265 pages

This book describes deep learning systems: the algorithms, compilers, and processor components to efficiently train and deploy deep learning models for commercial applications. The exponential growth in computational power is slowing at a time when the amount of compute consumed by state-of-the-art deep learning (DL) workloads is rapidly growing. Model size, serving latency, and power constraints are a significant challenge in the deployment of DL models for many applications. Therefore, it is imperative to codesign algorithms, compilers, and hardware to accelerate advances in this field with holistic system-level and algorithm solutions that improve performance, power, and efficiency. Advancing DL systems generally involves three types of engineers: (1) data scientists that utilize and develop DL algorithms in partnership with domain experts, such as medical, economic, or climate scientists; (2) hardware designers that develop specialized hardware to accelerate the components in the DL models; and (3) performance and compiler engineers that optimize software to run more efficiently on a given hardware. Hardware engineers should be aware of the characteristics and components of production and academic models likely to be adopted by industry to guide design decisions impacting future hardware. Data scientists should be aware of deployment platform constraints when designing models. Performance engineers should support optimizations across diverse models, libraries, and hardware targets. The purpose of this book is to provide a solid understanding of (1) the design, training, and applications of DL algorithms in industry; (2) the compiler techniques to map deep learning code to hardware targets; and (3) the critical hardware features that accelerate DL systems. This book aims to facilitate co-innovation for the advancement of DL systems. It is written for engineers working in one or more of these areas who seek to understand the entire system stack in order to better collaborate with engineers working in other parts of the system stack. The book details advancements and adoption of DL models in industry, explains the training and deployment process, describes the essential hardware architectural features needed for today's and future models, and details advances in DL compilers to efficiently execute algorithms across various hardware targets. Unique in this book is the holistic exposition of the entire DL system stack, the emphasis on commercial applications, and the practical techniques to design models and accelerate their performance. The author is fortunate to work with hardware, software, data scientist, and research teams across many high-technology companies with hyperscale data centers. These companies employ many of the examples and methods provided throughout the book.

Understanding Computer Information Systems
Author : Paul W. Ross,H. Paul Hiduk,H. Willis Means
Publisher : West Group
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 : 9780314934376
Pages : 204 pages

The Art of Multiprocessor Programming
Author : Maurice Herlihy,Nir Shavit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 0123973376
Pages : 508 pages

Revised and updated with improvements conceived in parallel programming courses, The Art of Multiprocessor Programming is an authoritative guide to multicore programming. It introduces a higher level set of software development skills than that needed for efficient single-core programming. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the new principles, algorithms, and tools necessary for effective multiprocessor programming. Students and professionals alike will benefit from thorough coverage of key multiprocessor programming issues. This revised edition incorporates much-demanded updates throughout the book, based on feedback and corrections reported from classrooms since 2008 Learn the fundamentals of programming multiple threads accessing shared memory Explore mainstream concurrent data structures and the key elements of their design, as well as synchronization techniques from simple locks to transactional memory systems Visit the companion site and download source code, example Java programs, and materials to support and enhance the learning experience

Secure Processors Part I
Author : Victor Costan,Ilia Lebedev,Srinivas Devadas
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2017-07-13
ISBN 10 : 9781680833003
Pages : 268 pages

This manuscript is the first in a two part survey and analysis of the state of the art in secure processor systems, with a specific focus on remote software attestation and software isolation. This manuscript first examines the relevant concepts in computer architecture and cryptography, and then surveys attack vectors and existing processor systems claiming security for remote computation and/or software isolation. This work examines in detail the modern isolation container (enclave) primitive as a means to minimize trusted software given practical trusted hardware and reasonable performance overhead. Specifically, this work examines in detail the programming model and software design considerations of Intel's Software Guard Extensions (SGX), as it is an available and documented enclave-capable system. Part II of this work is a deep dive into the implementation and security evaluation of two modern enclave-capable secure processor systems: SGX and MIT's Sanctum. The complex but insufficient threat model employed by SGX motivates Sanctum, which achieves stronger security guarantees under software attacks with an equivalent programming model. This work advocates a principled, transparent, and well-scrutinized approach to secure system design, and argues that practical guarantees of privacy and integrity for remote computation are achievable at a reasonable design cost and performance overhead.

Principles of Synthetic Intelligence
Author : Joscha Bach
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2009-04-06
ISBN 10 : 9780199708109
Pages : 400 pages

From the Foreword: "In this book Joscha Bach introduces Dietrich Dörner's PSI architecture and Joscha's implementation of the MicroPSI architecture. These architectures and their implementation have several lessons for other architectures and models. Most notably, the PSI architecture includes drives and thus directly addresses questions of emotional behavior. An architecture including drives helps clarify how emotions could arise. It also changes the way that the architecture works on a fundamental level, providing an architecture more suited for behaving autonomously in a simulated world. PSI includes three types of drives, physiological (e.g., hunger), social (i.e., affiliation needs), and cognitive (i.e., reduction of uncertainty and expression of competency). These drives routinely influence goal formation and knowledge selection and application. The resulting architecture generates new kinds of behaviors, including context dependent memories, socially motivated behavior, and internally motivated task switching. This architecture illustrates how emotions and physical drives can be included in an embodied cognitive architecture. The PSI architecture, while including perceptual, motor, learning, and cognitive processing components, also includes several novel knowledge representations: temporal structures, spatial memories, and several new information processing mechanisms and behaviors, including progress through types of knowledge sources when problem solving (the Rasmussen ladder), and knowledge-based hierarchical active vision. These mechanisms and representations suggest ways for making other architectures more realistic, more accurate, and easier to use. The architecture is demonstrated in the Island simulated environment. While it may look like a simple game, it was carefully designed to allow multiple tasks to be pursued and provides ways to satisfy the multiple drives. It would be useful in its own right for developing other architectures interested in multi-tasking, long-term learning, social interaction, embodied architectures, and related aspects of behavior that arise in a complex but tractable real-time environment. The resulting models are not presented as validated cognitive models, but as theoretical explorations in the space of architectures for generating behavior. The sweep of the architecture can thus be larger-it presents a new cognitive architecture attempting to provide a unified theory of cognition. It attempts to cover perhaps the largest number of phenomena to date. This is not a typical cognitive modeling work, but one that I believe that we can learn much from." --Frank E. Ritter, Series Editor Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition-- they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or treat perception and motivation as isolated modules. The first architecture to cover cognition more broadly is PSI theory, developed by Dietrich Dorner. By integrating motivation and emotion with perception and reasoning, and including grounded neuro-symbolic representations, PSI contributes significantly to an integrated understanding of the mind. It provides a conceptual framework that highlights the relationships between perception and memory, language and mental representation, reasoning and motivation, emotion and cognition, autonomy and social behavior. It is, however, unfortunate that PSI's origin in psychology, its methodology, and its lack of documentation have limited its impact. The proposed book adapts Psi theory to cognitive science and artificial intelligence, by elucidating both its theoretical and technical frameworks, and clarifying its contribution to how we have come to understand cognition.

High-Performance Embedded Computing
Author : Wayne Wolf
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-26
ISBN 10 : 9780080475004
Pages : 544 pages

Over the past several years, embedded systems have emerged as an integral though unseen part of many consumer, industrial, and military devices. The explosive growth of these systems has resulted in embedded computing becoming an increasingly important discipline. The need for designers of high-performance, application-specific computing systems has never been greater, and many universities and colleges in the US and worldwide are now developing advanced courses to help prepare their students for careers in embedded computing. High-Performance Embedded Computing: Architectures, Applications, and Methodologies is the first book designed to address the needs of advanced students and industry professionals. Focusing on the unique complexities of embedded system design, the book provides a detailed look at advanced topics in the field, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumption. Fundamental challenges in embedded computing are described, together with design methodologies and models of computation. HPEC provides an in-depth and advanced treatment of all the components of embedded systems, with discussions of the current developments in the field and numerous examples of real-world applications. Covers advanced topics in embedded computing, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumption Provides in-depth coverage of networks, reconfigurable systems, hardware-software co-design, security, and program analysis Includes examples of many real-world embedded computing applications (cell phones, printers, digital video) and architectures (the Freescale Starcore, TI OMAP multiprocessor, the TI C5000 and C6000 series, and others)

Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations
Author : Vladan Devedžic
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2006-04-11
ISBN 10 : 1402081510
Pages : 484 pages

Artificial Intelligence and Innovations (AIAI) will interest researchers, IT professionals and consultants by examining technologies and applications of demonstrable value. The conference focused on profitable intelligent systems and technologies. AIAI focuses on real world applications; therefore authors should highlight the benefits of AI technology for industry and services. Novel approaches solving business and industrial problems, using AI, will emerge from this conference.

Mind Design II
Author : John Haugeland
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 1997
ISBN 10 : 9780262082594
Pages : 476 pages

Mind Design deals with the "how" of mind (thinking and intellect) rather than the essence of what mind is. It can be likened to the reverse engineering of psychology. This revised and enlarged edition contains additional new essays.

Secure Processors Part II
Author : Victor Costan,Ilia Lebedev,Srinivas Devadas
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2017-07-13
ISBN 10 : 9781680833027
Pages : 128 pages

This manuscript is the second in a two part survey and analysis of the state of the art in secure processor systems, with a specific focus on remote software attestation and software isolation. The first part established the taxonomy and prerequisite concepts relevant to an examination of the state of the art in trusted remote computation: attested software isolation containers (enclaves). This second part extends Part I's description of Intel's Software Guard Extensions (SGX), an available and documented enclave-capable system, with a rigorous security analysis of SGX as a system for trusted remote computation. This part documents the authors' concerns over the shortcomings of SGX as a secure system and introduces the MIT Sanctum processor developed by the authors: a system designed to offer stronger security guarantees, lend itself better to analysis and formal verification, and offer a more straightforward and complete threat model than the Intel system, all with an equivalent programming model. This two part work advocates a principled, transparent, and wellscrutinized approach to system design, and argues that practical guarantees of privacy and integrity for remote computation are achievable at a reasonable design cost and performance overhead.

Computer & Control Abstracts
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1996
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Dissertation Abstracts International
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1986
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Algorithm Design
Author : Jon Kleinberg,Éva Tardos
Publisher : Pearson Higher Ed
Release Date : 2012-02-28
ISBN 10 : 0133072525
Pages : 864 pages

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Algorithm Design introduces algorithms by looking at the real-world problems that motivate them. The book teaches students a range of design and analysis techniques for problems that arise in computing applications. The text encourages an understanding of the algorithm design process and an appreciation of the role of algorithms in the broader field of computer science. August 6, 2009 Author, Jon Kleinberg, was recently cited in the New York Times for his statistical analysis research in the Internet age.

Documentation Abstracts
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1991
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

AI Pioneers in Investment Management
Author : Larry Cao
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2019
ISBN 10 : 9781942713784
Pages : 329 pages

Effective Computation in Physics
Author : Anthony Scopatz,Kathryn D. Huff
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release Date : 2015-06-25
ISBN 10 : 1491901586
Pages : 552 pages

More physicists today are taking on the role of software developer as part of their research, but software development isn’t always easy or obvious, even for physicists. This practical book teaches essential software development skills to help you automate and accomplish nearly any aspect of research in a physics-based field. Written by two PhDs in nuclear engineering, this book includes practical examples drawn from a working knowledge of physics concepts. You’ll learn how to use the Python programming language to perform everything from collecting and analyzing data to building software and publishing your results. In four parts, this book includes: Getting Started: Jump into Python, the command line, data containers, functions, flow control and logic, and classes and objects Getting It Done: Learn about regular expressions, analysis and visualization, NumPy, storing data in files and HDF5, important data structures in physics, computing in parallel, and deploying software Getting It Right: Build pipelines and software, learn to use local and remote version control, and debug and test your code Getting It Out There: Document your code, process and publish your findings, and collaborate efficiently; dive into software licenses, ownership, and copyright procedures

Programming Neural Networks with Encog 3 in C#
Author : Jeff Heaton
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2011
ISBN 10 : 9781604390261
Pages : 240 pages

This book focuses on using the neural network capabilities of Encog with the C# programming language. The reader is shown how to use classification, regression, and clustering to gain new insights into data.

The Singularity Is Near
Author : Ray Kurzweil
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date : 2005-09-22
ISBN 10 : 9781101218884
Pages : 672 pages

“Startling in scope and bravado.” —Janet Maslin, The New York Times “Artfully envisions a breathtakingly better world.” —Los Angeles Times “Elaborate, smart and persuasive.” —The Boston Globe “A pleasure to read.” —The Wall Street Journal One of CBS News’s Best Fall Books of 2005 • Among St Louis Post-Dispatch’s Best Nonfiction Books of 2005 • One of’s Best Science Books of 2005 A radical and optimistic view of the future course of human development from the bestselling author of How to Create a Mind and The Age of Spiritual Machines who Bill Gates calls “the best person I know at predicting the future of artificial intelligence” For over three decades, Ray Kurzweil has been one of the most respected and provocative advocates of the role of technology in our future. In his classic The Age of Spiritual Machines, he argued that computers would soon rival the full range of human intelligence at its best. Now he examines the next step in this inexorable evolutionary process: the union of human and machine, in which the knowledge and skills embedded in our brains will be combined with the vastly greater capacity, speed, and knowledge-sharing ability of our creations. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Cyberfeminism and Artificial Life
Author : Sarah Kember,Professor of New Technologies of Communication Sarah Kember
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2003
ISBN 10 : 9780415240277
Pages : 257 pages

Examining the construction, manipulation and re-definition of life in contemporary technoscientific culture, this book aims to re-focus concern on the ethics rather than on the 'nature' of artificial life.

OSPF Complete Implementation
Author : John Moy
Publisher : Addison-Wesley
Release Date : 2000-09-28
ISBN 10 : 0133757501
Pages : 393 pages

Written by the creator of the OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) protocol, this book demonstrates the protocol in action with a complete OSPF implementation. It shows how the protocol's theory is realized in a real-time distributed software system, reveals many of the finer points of OSPF, and offers experienced-based optimization and porting techniques. The implementation described and examined in this book is written in C++ and designed with porting in mind. The book details the software architecture of the implementation and describes in-depth key OSPF functions, illustrated by numerous code samples. It also includes a guide to porting OSPF software to different environments, with an explanation of the software layer between the OSPF implementation and the operating system. In addition, two sample ports are included–a routing daemon for Linux and an OSPF routing simulator for Linux and Windows. Key topics covered include: Implementation architecture, including I/O, data flow, and data structures Porting considerations, including handling different types of CPU chips AVL trees, Patricia trees, priority queues, timers, and logging messages The IP routing table Link-state database, including aging LSAs Neighbor discovery and the neighbor state machine Synchronization of link-state databases through the flooding algorithm Hierarchy Routing calculations, including intra-area, inter-area, and external routes An implementation of the Multicast Extensions to OSPF (MOSPF) Configuration and monitoring, including cryptographic authentication Host wiretapping Together, OSPF: Anatomy of an Internet Routing Protocol and OSPF Complete Implementation provide an in-depth view into the theory and inner workings of OSPF, and the knowledge you need to make full use of this important protocol in Internet-based applications.