applied statistics for environmental science with r

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Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R
Author : Abbas F. M. Al-Karkhi,Wasin A. A. Alqaraghuli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-09-13
ISBN 10 : 0128186232
Pages : 240 pages

Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R presents the theory and application of statistical techniques in environmental science and aids researchers in choosing the appropriate statistical technique for analyzing their data. Focusing on the use of univariate and multivariate statistical methods, this book acts as a step-by-step resource to facilitate understanding in the use of R statistical software for interpreting data in the field of environmental science. Researchers utilizing statistical analysis in environmental science and engineering will find this book to be essential in solving their day-to-day research problems. Includes step-by-step tutorials to aid in understanding the process and implementation of unique data Presents statistical theory in a simple way without complex mathematical proofs Shows how to analyze data using R software and provides R scripts for all examples and figures

Statistical Data Analysis Explained
Author : Clemens Reimann,Peter Filzmoser,Robert Garrett,Rudolf Dutter
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-08-31
ISBN 10 : 1119965284
Pages : 362 pages

Few books on statistical data analysis in the natural sciences are written at a level that a non-statistician will easily understand. This is a book written in colloquial language, avoiding mathematical formulae as much as possible, trying to explain statistical methods using examples and graphics instead. To use the book efficiently, readers should have some computer experience. The book starts with the simplest of statistical concepts and carries readers forward to a deeper and more extensive understanding of the use of statistics in environmental sciences. The book concerns the application of statistical and other computer methods to the management, analysis and display of spatial data. These data are characterised by including locations (geographic coordinates), which leads to the necessity of using maps to display the data and the results of the statistical methods. Although the book uses examples from applied geochemistry, and a large geochemical survey in particular, the principles and ideas equally well apply to other natural sciences, e.g., environmental sciences, pedology, hydrology, geography, forestry, ecology, and health sciences/epidemiology. The book is unique because it supplies direct access to software solutions (based on R, the Open Source version of the S-language for statistics) for applied environmental statistics. For all graphics and tables presented in the book, the R-scripts are provided in the form of executable R-scripts. In addition, a graphical user interface for R, called DAS+R, was developed for convenient, fast and interactive data analysis. Statistical Data Analysis Explained: Applied Environmental Statistics with R provides, on an accompanying website, the software to undertake all the procedures discussed, and the data employed for their description in the book.

Applied Statistics in Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Sciences
Author : Barry Glaz,Kathleen M. Yeater
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-01-22
ISBN 10 : 0891183590
Pages : 672 pages

Better experimental design and statistical analysis make for more robust science. A thorough understanding of modern statistical methods can mean the difference between discovering and missing crucial results and conclusions in your research, and can shape the course of your entire research career. With Applied Statistics, Barry Glaz and Kathleen M. Yeater have worked with a team of expert authors to create a comprehensive text for graduate students and practicing scientists in the agricultural, biological, and environmental sciences. The contributors cover fundamental concepts and methodologies of experimental design and analysis, and also delve into advanced statistical topics, all explored by analyzing real agronomic data with practical and creative approaches using available software tools. IN PRESS! This book is being published according to the “Just Published” model, with more chapters to be published online as they are completed.

Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R
Author : Song S. Qian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-11-03
ISBN 10 : 1498728731
Pages : 536 pages

Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition, connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. Using examples from published works in the ecological and environmental literature, the book explains the approach to solving a statistical problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. It includes many examples to illustrate the statistical methods and presents R code for their implementation. The emphasis is on model interpretation and assessment, and using several core examples throughout the book, the author illustrates the iterative nature of statistical inference. The book starts with a description of commonly used statistical assumptions and exploratory data analysis tools for the verification of these assumptions. It then focuses on the process of building suitable statistical models, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression trees, generalized linear models, and multilevel models. It also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, and provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed models. The second edition also includes a complete critique of a threshold model. Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the process of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.

Foundational and Applied Statistics for Biologists Using R
Author : Ken A. Aho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-03-09
ISBN 10 : 1439873399
Pages : 618 pages

Full of biological applications, exercises, and interactive graphical examples, Foundational and Applied Statistics for Biologists Using R presents comprehensive coverage of both modern analytical methods and statistical foundations. The author harnesses the inherent properties of the R environment to enable students to examine the code of complica

Statistics and Data with R
Author : Yosef Cohen,Jeremiah Y. Cohen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-11-20
ISBN 10 : 047072188X
Pages : 618 pages

R, an Open Source software, has become the de facto statistical computing environment. It has an excellent collection of data manipulation and graphics capabilities. It is extensible and comes with a large number of packages that allow statistical analysis at all levels – from simple to advanced – and in numerous fields including Medicine, Genetics, Biology, Environmental Sciences, Geology, Social Sciences and much more. The software is maintained and developed by academicians and professionals and as such, is continuously evolving and up to date. Statistics and Data with R presents an accessible guide to data manipulations, statistical analysis and graphics using R. Assuming no previous knowledge of statistics or R, the book includes: A comprehensive introduction to the R language. An integrated approach to importing and preparing data for analysis, exploring and analyzing the data, and presenting results. Over 300 examples, including detailed explanations of the R scripts used throughout. Over 100 moderately large data sets from disciplines ranging from Biology, Ecology and Environmental Science to Medicine, Law, Military and Social Sciences. A parallel discussion of analyses with the normal density, proportions (binomial), counts (Poisson) and bootstrap methods. Two extensive indexes that include references to every R function (and its arguments and packages used in the book) and to every introduced concept.

Biometry for Forestry and Environmental Data
Author : Lauri Mehtatalo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-05-27
ISBN 10 : 0429530773
Pages : 412 pages

Biometry for Forestry and Environmental Data with Examples in R focuses on statistical methods that are widely applicable in forestry and environmental sciences, but it also includes material that is of wider interest. Features: · Describes the theory and applications of selected statistical methods and illustrates their use and basic concepts through examples with forestry and environmental data in R. · Rigorous but easily accessible presentation of the linear, nonlinear, generalized linear and multivariate models, and their mixed-effects counterparts. Chapters on tree size, tree taper, measurement errors, and forest experiments are also included. · Necessary statistical theory about random variables, estimation and prediction is included. The wide applicability of the linear prediction theory is emphasized. · The hands-on examples with implementations using R make it easier for non-statisticians to understand the concepts and apply the methods with their own data. Lot of additional material is available at The book is aimed at students and researchers in forestry and environmental studies, but it will also be of interest to statisticians and researchers in other fields as well.

Applied Statistical Genetics with R
Author : Andrea S. Foulkes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-04-28
ISBN 10 : 038789554X
Pages : 252 pages

Statistical genetics has become a core course in many graduate programs in public health and medicine. This book presents fundamental concepts and principles in this emerging field at a level that is accessible to students and researchers with a first course in biostatistics. Extensive examples are provided using publicly available data and the open source, statistical computing environment, R.

Applied Statistics
Author : Dieter Rasch,Rob Verdooren,Jürgen Pilz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-08-14
ISBN 10 : 1119551544
Pages : 512 pages

Instructs readers on how to use methods of statistics and experimental design with R software Applied statistics covers both the theory and the application of modern statistical and mathematical modelling techniques to applied problems in industry, public services, commerce, and research. It proceeds from a strong theoretical background, but it is practically oriented to develop one's ability to tackle new and non-standard problems confidently. Taking a practical approach to applied statistics, this user-friendly guide teaches readers how to use methods of statistics and experimental design without going deep into the theory. Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R includes chapters that cover R package sampling procedures, analysis of variance, point estimation, and more. It follows on the heels of Rasch and Schott's Mathematical Statistics via that book's theoretical background—taking the lessons learned from there to another level with this book’s addition of instructions on how to employ the methods using R. But there are two important chapters not mentioned in the theoretical back ground as Generalised Linear Models and Spatial Statistics. Offers a practical over theoretical approach to the subject of applied statistics Provides a pre-experimental as well as post-experimental approach to applied statistics Features classroom tested material Applicable to a wide range of people working in experimental design and all empirical sciences Includes 300 different procedures with R and examples with R-programs for the analysis and for determining minimal experimental sizes Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R will appeal to experimenters, statisticians, mathematicians, and all scientists using statistical procedures in the natural sciences, medicine, and psychology amongst others.

Advanced Statistics with Applications in R
Author : Eugene Demidenko
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-11-12
ISBN 10 : 1118387988
Pages : 880 pages

Advanced Statistics with Applications in R fills the gap between several excellent theoretical statistics textbooks and many applied statistics books where teaching reduces to using existing packages. This book looks at what is under the hood. Many statistics issues including the recent crisis with p-value are caused by misunderstanding of statistical concepts due to poor theoretical background of practitioners and applied statisticians. This book is the product of a forty-year experience in teaching of probability and statistics and their applications for solving real-life problems. There are more than 442 examples in the book: basically every probability or statistics concept is illustrated with an example accompanied with an R code. Many examples, such as Who said π? What team is better? The fall of the Roman empire, James Bond chase problem, Black Friday shopping, Free fall equation: Aristotle or Galilei, and many others are intriguing. These examples cover biostatistics, finance, physics and engineering, text and image analysis, epidemiology, spatial statistics, sociology, etc. Advanced Statistics with Applications in R teaches students to use theory for solving real-life problems through computations: there are about 500 R codes and 100 datasets. These data can be freely downloaded from the author's website This book is suitable as a text for senior undergraduate students with major in statistics or data science or graduate students. Many researchers who apply statistics on the regular basis find explanation of many fundamental concepts from the theoretical perspective illustrated by concrete real-world applications.

Learn R for Applied Statistics
Author : Eric Goh Ming Hui
Publisher : Apress
Release Date : 2018-11-30
ISBN 10 : 1484242009
Pages : 243 pages

Gain the R programming language fundamentals for doing the applied statistics useful for data exploration and analysis in data science and data mining. This book covers topics ranging from R syntax basics, descriptive statistics, and data visualizations to inferential statistics and regressions. After learning R’s syntax, you will work through data visualizations such as histograms and boxplot charting, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics such as t-test, chi-square test, ANOVA, non-parametric test, and linear regressions. Learn R for Applied Statistics is a timely skills-migration book that equips you with the R programming fundamentals and introduces you to applied statistics for data explorations. What You Will Learn Discover R, statistics, data science, data mining, and big data Master the fundamentals of R programming, including variables and arithmetic, vectors, lists, data frames, conditional statements, loops, and functions Work with descriptive statistics Create data visualizations, including bar charts, line charts, scatter plots, boxplots, histograms, and scatterplots Use inferential statistics including t-tests, chi-square tests, ANOVA, non-parametric tests, linear regressions, and multiple linear regressions Who This Book Is For Those who are interested in data science, in particular data exploration using applied statistics, and the use of R programming for data visualizations.

Statistical Methods in Water Resources
Author : D.R. Helsel,R.M. Hirsch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1993-03-03
ISBN 10 : 9780080875088
Pages : 546 pages

Data on water quality and other environmental issues are being collected at an ever-increasing rate. In the past, however, the techniques used by scientists to interpret this data have not progressed as quickly. This is a book of modern statistical methods for analysis of practical problems in water quality and water resources. The last fifteen years have seen major advances in the fields of exploratory data analysis (EDA) and robust statistical methods. The 'real-life' characteristics of environmental data tend to drive analysis towards the use of these methods. These advances are presented in a practical and relevant format. Alternate methods are compared, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of each as applied to environmental data. Techniques for trend analysis and dealing with water below the detection limit are topics covered, which are of great interest to consultants in water-quality and hydrology, scientists in state, provincial and federal water resources, and geological survey agencies. The practising water resources scientist will find the worked examples using actual field data from case studies of environmental problems, of real value. Exercises at the end of each chapter enable the mechanics of the methodological process to be fully understood, with data sets included on diskette for easy use. The result is a book that is both up-to-date and immediately relevant to ongoing work in the environmental and water sciences.

Modern Applied Statistics with S-PLUS
Author : William N. Venables,Brian D. Ripley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
ISBN 10 : 1475727194
Pages : 549 pages

A guide to using the power of S-PLUS to perform statistical analyses, providing both an introduction to the program and a course in modern statistical methods. Readers are assumed to have a basic grounding in statistics, thus the book is intended for would-be users, as well as students and researchers using statistics. Throughout, the emphasis is on presenting practical problems and full analyses of real data sets, with many of the methods discussed being modern approaches to topics such as linear and non-linear regression models, robust and smooth regression methods, survival analysis, multivariate analysis, tree-based methods, time series, spatial statistics, and classification. This second edition is intended for users of S-PLUS 3.3, or later, and covers both Windows and UNIX. It treats the recent developments in graphics and new statistical functionality, including bootstraping, mixed effects linear and non-linear models, factor analysis, and regression with autocorrelated errors. The authors have written several software libraries which enhance S-PLUS, and these, plus all the datasets used, are available on the Internet.

Applied Bayesian Statistics
Author : Mary Kathryn Cowles
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-01-04
ISBN 10 : 1461456967
Pages : 232 pages

This book is based on over a dozen years teaching a Bayesian Statistics course. The material presented here has been used by students of different levels and disciplines, including advanced undergraduates studying Mathematics and Statistics and students in graduate programs in Statistics, Biostatistics, Engineering, Economics, Marketing, Pharmacy, and Psychology. The goal of the book is to impart the basics of designing and carrying out Bayesian analyses, and interpreting and communicating the results. In addition, readers will learn to use the predominant software for Bayesian model-fitting, R and OpenBUGS. The practical approach this book takes will help students of all levels to build understanding of the concepts and procedures required to answer real questions by performing Bayesian analysis of real data. Topics covered include comparing and contrasting Bayesian and classical methods, specifying hierarchical models, and assessing Markov chain Monte Carlo output. Kate Cowles taught Suzuki piano for many years before going to graduate school in Biostatistics. Her research areas are Bayesian and computational statistics, with application to environmental science. She is on the faculty of Statistics at The University of Iowa.

Easy Statistics for Food Science with R
Author : Abbas F. M. Alkarkhi,Wasin A. A. Alqaraghuli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-09-18
ISBN 10 : 0128142634
Pages : 228 pages

Easy Statistics for Food Science with R presents the application of statistical techniques to assist students and researchers who work in food science and food engineering in choosing the appropriate statistical technique. The book focuses on the use of univariate and multivariate statistical methods in the field of food science. The techniques are presented in a simplified form without relying on complex mathematical proofs. This book was written to help researchers from different fields to analyze their data and make valid decisions. The development of modern statistical packages makes the analysis of data easier than before. The book focuses on the application of statistics and correct methods for the analysis and interpretation of data. R statistical software is used throughout the book to analyze the data. Contains numerous step-by-step tutorials help the reader to learn quickly Covers the theory and application of the statistical techniques Shows how to analyze data using R software Provides R scripts for all examples and figures

Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and Stan
Author : Franzi Korner-Nievergelt,Tobias Roth,Stefanie von Felten,Jérôme Guélat,Bettina Almasi,Pius Korner-Nievergelt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-04-04
ISBN 10 : 0128016787
Pages : 328 pages

Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and STAN examines the Bayesian and frequentist methods of conducting data analyses. The book provides the theoretical background in an easy-to-understand approach, encouraging readers to examine the processes that generated their data. Including discussions of model selection, model checking, and multi-model inference, the book also uses effect plots that allow a natural interpretation of data. Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and STAN introduces Bayesian software, using R for the simple modes, and flexible Bayesian software (BUGS and Stan) for the more complicated ones. Guiding the ready from easy toward more complex (real) data analyses ina step-by-step manner, the book presents problems and solutions—including all R codes—that are most often applicable to other data and questions, making it an invaluable resource for analyzing a variety of data types. Introduces Bayesian data analysis, allowing users to obtain uncertainty measurements easily for any derived parameter of interest Written in a step-by-step approach that allows for eased understanding by non-statisticians Includes a companion website containing R-code to help users conduct Bayesian data analyses on their own data All example data as well as additional functions are provided in the R-package blmeco

An R Companion for Applied Statistics I
Author : Danney Rasco
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release Date : 2020-01-28
ISBN 10 : 1071806300
Pages : 256 pages

An R Companion for Applied Statistics I: Basic Bivariate Techniques breaks the language of the R software down into manageable chunks in order to help students learn how to use it. R is a powerful, flexible, and free tool. However, the flexibility—which eventually becomes a great asset—can make the initial learning curve appear steep. This book introduces a few key aspects of the R tool. As readers become comfortable with these aspects, they develop a foundation from which to more thoroughly explore R and the packages available for it. This introduction does not explain every possible way to analyze data or perform a specific type of analysis. Rather, it focuses on the analyses that are traditionally included in an undergraduate statistics course and provides one or two ways to run these analyses in R. Datasets and scripts to run the examples are provided on an accompanying website. The book has been designed to be an R companion to Warner's Applied Statistics I, Third Edition, and includes end-of-chapter instructions for replicating the examples from that book in R. However, this text can also be used as a stand-alone R guide, without reference to the Warner text.

Statistical Methods for Environmental Epidemiology with R
Author : Roger D. Peng,Francesca Dominici
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-12-15
ISBN 10 : 9780387781679
Pages : 144 pages

As an area of statistical application, environmental epidemiology and more speci cally, the estimation of health risk associated with the exposure to - vironmental agents, has led to the development of several statistical methods and software that can then be applied to other scienti c areas. The stat- tical analyses aimed at addressing questions in environmental epidemiology have the following characteristics. Often the signal-to-noise ratio in the data is low and the targets of inference are inherently small risks. These constraints typically lead to the development and use of more sophisticated (and pot- tially less transparent) statistical models and the integration of large hi- dimensional databases. New technologies and the widespread availability of powerful computing are also adding to the complexities of scienti c inves- gation by allowing researchers to t large numbers of models and search over many sets of variables. As the number of variables measured increases, so do the degrees of freedom for in uencing the association between a risk factor and an outcome of interest. We have written this book, in part, to describe our experiences developing and applying statistical methods for the estimation for air pollution health e ects. Our experience has convinced us that the application of modern s- tistical methodology in a reproducible manner can bring to bear subst- tial bene ts to policy-makers and scientists in this area. We believe that the methods described in this book are applicable to other areas of environmental epidemiology, particularly those areas involving spatial{temporal exposures.

Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering
Author : Miguel F. Acevedo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-12-07
ISBN 10 : 1466592214
Pages : 557 pages

Providing a solid foundation for twenty-first-century scientists and engineers, Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering guides readers in learning quantitative methodology, including how to implement data analysis methods using open-source software. Given the importance of interdisciplinary work in sustain

Author : Steven P. Millard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-10-16
ISBN 10 : 1461484561
Pages : 291 pages

This book describes EnvStats, a new comprehensive R package for environmental statistics and the successor to the S-PLUS module EnvironmentalStats for S-PLUS (first released in 1997). EnvStats and R provide an open-source set of powerful functions for performing graphical and statistical analyses of environmental data, bringing major environmental statistical methods found in the literature and regulatory guidance documents into one statistical package, along with an extensive hypertext help system that explains what these methods do, how to use these methods, and where to find them in the environmental statistics literature. EnvStats also includes numerous built-in data sets from regulatory guidance documents and the environmental statistics literature. This book shows how to use EnvStats and R to easily: * graphically display environmental data * plot probability distributions * estimate distribution parameters and construct confidence intervals on the original scale for commonly used distributions such as the lognormal and gamma, as well as do this nonparametrically * estimate and construct confidence intervals for distribution percentiles or do this nonparametrically (e.g., to compare to an environmental protection standard) * perform and plot the results of goodness-of-fit tests * compute optimal Box-Cox data transformations * compute prediction limits and simultaneous prediction limits (e.g., to assess compliance at multiple sites for multiple constituents) * perform nonparametric estimation and test for seasonal trend (even in the presence of correlated observations) * perform power and sample size computations and create companion plots for sampling designs based on confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, prediction intervals, and tolerance intervals * deal with non-detect (censored) data * perform Monte Carlo simulation and probabilistic risk assessment * reproduce specific examples in EPA guidance documents EnvStats combined with other R packages (e.g., for spatial analysis) provides the environmental scientist, statistician, researcher, and technician with tools to “get the job done!”