Carpets have been made throughout the world for hundreds of years. The manufacture of carpets has evolved over time and continues to improve in all areas. This book provides an overview of the developments and innovations within this area, whilst covering the many different types of carpet that are manufactured. Advances in carpet manufacture begins by covering the different types and requirements of carpets, along with the structure and properties of the carpet fibres and yarns that are used. The remainder of the book is dedicated to the developments that have occurred in the manufacture of carpets. Topics include the advances in carpet weaving and the reduction of static in carpets. A selection of carpet types are discussed, including wool carpets, textile sports surfaces and handmade carpets. With the variety of topics covered and its international team of contributors, this book is a valuable and informative reference for technologists in the carpet and associated industries. Provides an overview of recent developments and innovations in carpet manufacture Covers the structure and properties of different carpet fibres and yarns Examines advances in carpet weaving
Advances in Carpet Manufacture, Second Edition, discusses the manufacture of carpets, an industry that has evolved over hundreds of years, also exploring the new changes and developments in textile science and manufacturing technology that occur every day. This updated edition provides revised, expanded and updated coverage of carpet manufacturing processes and applications. The book begins by reviewing the different types of carpets and their applications, also exploring the structure and properties of carpet materials. Carpet manufacturing techniques are then reviewed, including a new chapter on tufting and yarn manufacturing techniques, and design and manufacture for handmade carpets. Subsequent chapters review the development of carpets with important properties, including new chapters on carpets for acoustics and sound absorption, carpets with increased fire retardancy and those with antimicrobial and soil-resist finishes. With the variety of topics covered and its international team of contributors, the book offers a valuable and informative reference for technologists in the carpet and associated industries. However, it is also a great resource for researchers and students working in applied textile sciences. Presented by an expert editor with many years of experience in both academic textile research and industry Provides new research, technologies and other developments in carpet manufacture for academics and developers seeking to update their knowledge Includes a strong focus on industry needs and developing areas with market potential
Carpet manufacture has undergone huge changes over the past few decades: a wider range of carpet fibres has become available and a wealth of new, advanced technologies has been adopted by this global industry. Carpet manufacture addresses the serious lack of information in this important area. After a review of the rich and colourful history of the industry from 400 BC to the start of the new millennium, the book concentrates on current carpet technology, from fibres to finishing. The author examines all aspects of manufacture, from selection of the raw materials to the principles of designing. The sophisticated techniques involved in weaving, needling, tufting and other manufacturing methods are also covered. The book also discusses handmade carpets and rugs. Carpet manufacture concludes with an extensive discussion of carpet performance assessment and testing, and the production of carpets for specialist locations such as sporting arenas and in transportation.
This book includes a carefully-chosen and edited selection of 23 papers from the Ecotextile 2004 Conference held at the University of Bolton. Ecotextiles is divided into five main parts. Part one deals with recycling and use of waste as raw materials in such areas as clothing and carpet manufacture. Part two discusses sustainability and eco-design with papers on improved design, use of sustainable fibres and manufacturing techniques. Part three reviews sustainable development and renewables, including discussion of topics such as composites made from textile waste. Part four considers waste management in such areas as dyeing and effluent treatment. The final part of the book assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques. As pressure from governments and consumers continues to grow, Ecotextiles is a valuable reference for the textile industry on best practice in sustainable production. A key guide to best practice in sustainable production Includes expert reviews of current developments in recycling, sustainable production and process optimisation Assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques
This book combines Von Moody's original work and research in the carpet industry with the well respected 1986 textile source book, Textile Fibers, Dyes, Finishes, and Processes: A Concise Guide, by Howard L. Needles to produce a unique practical guide on all aspects of the preparation, manufacture, and performance of carpet. It addresses the structure and properties of fiber, carpet construction, coatings, dyes, finishes, performance, and recycling, among other topics. This volume is an indispensable reference for all practitioners in the carpet industry.
Andrew Ure (1778-1857) was a professor at the University of Glasgow and an enthusiast for the Industrial Revolution’s new systems of manufacturing. As we know, a consequence of these new developments was the redundancy of many workers, just as we are experiencing today with ‘downsizing’ and ‘reengineering’. This study details the creation of the general education system as an answer to the need for less self-willed and intractable workmen, which were unfit to become "components of a mechanical system". In our times of permanent technological revolution, this is an excellent insight into the roots of industrial progress. Understanding rural workers' shock and their need to readapt to a new urban, factorial reality, and the white collar workers’ dilemma of social security or entrepreneurship is achieved by this fascinating and important book.
Advanced Textile Engineering Materials is written to educate readers about the use of advanced materials in various textile applications. In the first part, the book addresses recent advances in chemical finishing, and also highlights environmental issues in textile sectors. In the second part, the book provides a compilation of innovative fabrication strategies frequently adopted for the mechanical finishing of textiles. The key topics are • Smart textiles • Functional modifications • Protective textiles • Conductive textiles • Coated/laminated textiles • Antimicrobial textiles • Environmental aspects in textiles • Textile materials in composites • 3-D woven preforms for composite reinforcement • Evolution of soft body armor
One of the greatest challenges for the apparel industry is to produce garments that fit customers properly. Anthropometry, Apparel Sizing and Design addresses the need for improved characterization of our populations in order to tailor garments according to size, weight, and shape of consumers. This book reviews techniques in anthropometry, sizing system developments, and their applications to clothing design. Part one considers a range of anthropometric methods. The text discusses the range of sizing systems, including data mining techniques, useful for bridging the gap between ergonomists and designers. Chapters examine three-dimensional anthropometric methods and multivariate and bivariate analysis for identifying key body dimensions. Part two then explains how to analyze anthropometric data to develop appropriate sizing systems. Here, the book discusses classification and clustering of human body shapes, the importance of national surveys, and using the data obtained to ensure inclusive design strategies. The book covers sizing systems developed for particular groups, apparel size designation, and the potential for international standardization. It considers the advantages of 3D body scanning and computer-aided design, and the use of body motion analysis to address ease allowance requirements of apparel. With its distinguished editors and international contributors, this work is an essential reference, particularly due to the specific combination of aspects of anthropometry and the sizing of clothing, for researchers, garment designers, students, and manufacturers in the clothing and fashion industry. Reviews techniques in anthropometry, sizing system developments, and their applications to clothing design Examines 3D anthropometric methods and multivariate and bivariate analysis for identifying key body dimensions Covers sizing systems developed for particular groups, apparel size designation, and the potential for international standardization