Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding process intensification (PI) and developing successful PI solutions and applications in chemical process, civil, environmental, energy, pharmaceutical, biological, and biochemical systems. Process intensification is a chemical and process design approach that leads to substantially smaller, cleaner, safer, and more energy efficient process technology. It improves process flexibility, product quality, speed to market and inherent safety, with a reduced environmental footprint. This book represents a valuable resource for engineers working with leading-edge process technologies, and those involved research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems. No other reference covers both the technology and application of PI, addressing fundamentals, industry applications, and including a development and implementation guide Covers hot and high growth topics, including emission prevention, sustainable design, and pinch analysis World-class authors: Colin Ramshaw pioneered PI at ICI and is widely credited as the father of the technology
The first guide to compile current research and frontline developments in the science of process intensification (PI), Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant illustrates the design, integration, and application of PI principles and structures for the development and optimization of chemical and industrial plants. This volume updates professionals on emerging PI equipment and methodologies to promote technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and presents clear examples illustrating the implementation and application of specific process-intensifying equipment and methods in various commercial arenas.
In recent years bioprocessing has increased in popularity and importance, however, bioprocessing still poses various important techno-economic and environmental challenges, such as product yields, excessive energy consumption for separations in highly watery systems, batch operation or the downstream processing bottlenecks in the production of biopharmaceutical products. Many of those challenges can be addressed by application of different process intensification technologies discussed in the present book. The first book dedicated entirely to this area, Intensification of Biobased Processes provides a comprehensive overview of modern process intensification technologies used in bioprocessing. The book focusses on four different categories of biobased products: bio-fuels and platform chemicals; cosmeceuticals; food products; and polymers and advanced materials. It will cover various intensification aspects of the processes concerned, including (bio)reactor intensification; intensification of separation, recovery and formulation operations; and process integration. This is an invaluable source of information for researchers and industrialists working in chemical engineering, biotechnology and process engineering.
This book will provide researchers and graduate students with an overview of the recent developments and applications of process intensification in chemical engineering. It will also allow the readers to apply the available intensification techniques to their processes and specific problems. The content of this book can be readily adopted as part of special courses on process control, design, optimization and modelling aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students. This book will be a useful resource for researchers in process system engineering as well as for practitioners interested in applying process intensification approaches to real-life problems in chemical engineering and related areas.
|Author||: Kenneth L Nash,Gregg J Lumetta|
|Release Date||: 2011-03-15|
|ISBN 10||: 0857092278|
|Pages||: 512 pages|
Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment processes. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers in this field. A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment
This book describes the current state of the art in the retrofit of existing distillation processes using advanced distillation techniques. Highlighting concept and practical application rather than theory, it emphasizes the use of advanced process integration and intensification techniques, such as multi-effect distillation, heat pump assisted distillation, thermally coupled distillation, dividing wall column, reactive distillation, and innovative hybrid systems. As a thermal separation method, distillation is one of the most important and widely used technologies in the chemical process industry. While it has many advantages, one major drawback is its large energy requirement, which can significantly influence overall plant profitability. The increasing cost of energy has forced industry to reduce its energy requirement, but simultaneously there has been a need to increase capacity and output due to heightened demand. To accomplish this, the retrofit of distillation processes to increase efficiency and output has become a crucial issue. This book describes the use of advanced process integration and process intensification techniques to carry out effective distillation retrofit. Written by leading researchers in distillation process, process integration, process intensification, and process retrofit, the book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary advanced distillation techniques which can be employed in grass-root systems and retrofit. It is a valuable source of information for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, practicing process designers and chemical engineers.
Intensified processes have found widespread application in the chemical and petrochemical industries. The use of intensified systems allows for a reduction of operating costs and supports the “greening” of chemical processes. However, the design of intensified equipment requires special methodologies. This book describes the fundamentals and applications of these design methods, making it a valuable resource for use in both industry and academia.
Process intensification (PI) is a chemical and process design approach that leads to substantially smaller, cleaner, safer and more energy-efficient process technology. A hot topic across the chemical and process industries, this is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding and developing successful PI solutions that deliver savings and efficiencies. It will appeal to engineers working with leading-edge process technologies and those involved research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems. * Shows chemical and process engineers how to apply process intensification to their system, process or operation * A hard-working reference and user guide to the technology AND application of PI, covering fundamentals, industry applications, supplemented by a development and implementation guide * Leading author team, including Professor Colin Ramshaw, developer of the HiGee high-gravity distillation process at ICI, widely credited as the instigator of PI principles
Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering: Volume 2B, Separation Processes, Sixth Edition, covers distillation and gas absorption, illustrating applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer. Several techniques, including adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic membrane separations and process intensification are comprehensively covered and explored. Presents content converted from textbooks into fully revised reference material Provides content that ranges from foundational to technical Includes new additions, such as emerging applications, numerical methods and computational tools
|Author||: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development|
|Release Date||: 2010|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Chemical Engineering Volume 2 covers the properties of particulate systems, including the character of individual particles and their behaviour in fluids. Sedimentation of particles, both singly and at high concentrations, flow in packed and fluidised beads and filtration are then examined. The latter part of the book deals with separation processes, such as distillation and gas absorption, which illustrate applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer introduced in Chemical Engineering Volume 1. In conclusion, several techniques of growing importance - adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic and membrane separations, and process intensification - are described. A logical progression of chemical engineering concepts, volume 2 builds on fundamental principles contained in Chemical Engineering volume 1 and these volumes are fully cross-referenced Reflects the growth in complexity and stature of chemical engineering over the last few years Supported with further reading at the end of each chapter and graded problems at the end of the book
Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research.
Process synthesis and process intensification arebecomingstate-of-the-art scientific fields that provide the methods and tools to improve process technologies in terms of high energy efficiency, low capital investment, low emissions, improved safety, and less hazardous byproducts to achieve sustainable products and processes. The book covers manufacturing processes from both fossil- and biomass-based feedstocks for graduate students.
|Author||: Dimitrios Tsaoulidis|
|Release Date||: 2015-09-09|
|ISBN 10||: 3319225871|
|Pages||: 170 pages|
The present work focuses on the development of intensified small-scale extraction units for spent nuclear fuel reprocessing using advanced process engineering with combined experimental and modelling methodologies. It discusses a number of novel elements, such as the intensification of spent fuel reprocessing and the use of ionic liquids as green alternatives to organic solvents. The use of ionic liquids in two-phase liquid-liquid separation is new to the Multiphase Flow community, and has proved to be challenging, especially in small channels, because of the surface and interfacial properties involved, which are very different to those of common organic solvents. Numerical studies have been also performed to couple the hydrodynamics at small scale with the mass transfer. The numerical results, taken together with scale-up studies, are used to evaluate the applicability of the small-scale units in reprocessing large volumes of nuclear waste.
|Author||: Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate,Mariana Ortiz Sanchez,Pisarenko Yury Andrianovich|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2019-12-20|
|ISBN 10||: 1000751252|
|Pages||: 194 pages|
This book describes, analyses and discusses the main principles, phenomena and design strategies of reactive separation processes with an emphasis on the intensification as a basis of the sustainability. Different reactive separation processes are explained in detail to show the phenomena and with the purpose of understanding when their use allows advantages based on the output results. Case examples are analysed and the perspective of these processes in the future is discussed. The overall sustainability of reactive separation processes in the industry is also explained separately.
|Release Date||: 2020-01-09|
|ISBN 10||: 0128131969|
|Pages||: 4252 pages|
Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials
The need to reduce pollution and the waste of energy and resources imposes a wider diffusion of environmentally friendly membrane systems. The expanding domain of membrane operations demands tailored materials with unprecedented performances and resistanc
Process intensification aims for increasing efficiency and sustainability of (bio-)chemical production processes. This book presents strategies for improving fluid separation such as reactive distillation, reactive absorption and membrane assisted separations. The authors discuss computer simulation, model development, methodological approaches for synthesis and the design and scale-up of final industrial processes.
|Author||: Bharat A. Bhanvase,Rajendra P. Ugwekar|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2016-10-14|
|ISBN 10||: 1315342227|
|Pages||: 370 pages|
In this valuable volume, new and original research on various topics on chemical engineering and technology is presented on modeling and simulation, material synthesis, wastewater treatment, analytical techniques, and microreactors. The research presented here can be applied to technology in food, paper and pulp, polymers, petrochemicals, surface coatings, oil technology aspects, among other uses. The book is divided into five sections: modeling and simulation environmental applications materials and applications processes and applications analytical methods Topics include: modeling and simulation of chemical processes process integration and intensification separation processes advances in unit operations and processes chemical reaction engineering fuel and energy advanced materials CFD and transport processes wastewater treatment The valuable research presented here will be of interest to researchers, scientists, industry practitioners, as well as upper-level students.
The proposed book will be divided into three parts. The chapters in Part I provide an overview of certain aspect of process retrofitting. The focus of Part II is on computational techniques for solving process retrofit problems. Finally, Part III addresses retrofit applications from diverse process industries. Some chapters in the book are contributed by practitioners whereas others are from academia. Hence, the book includes both new developments from research and also practical considerations. Many chapters include examples with realistic data. All these feature make the book useful to industrial engineers, researchers and students.