The field of brain imaging is developing at a rapid pace and has greatly advanced the areas of cognitive and clinical neuroscience. The availability of neuroimaging techniques, especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic source imaging (MSI) has brought about breakthroughs in neuroscience.To obtain comprehensive information about the activity of the human brain, different analytical approaches should be complemented. Thus, in "intermodal multimodality" imaging, great efforts have been made to combine the highest spatial resolution (MRI, fMRI) with the best temporal resolution (MEG or EEG). "Intramodal multimodality" imaging combines various functional MRI techniques (e.g., fMRI, DTI, and/or morphometric/volumetric analysis). The multimodal approach is conceptually based on the combination of different noninvasive functional neuroimaging tools, their registration and cointegration. In particular, the combination of imaging applications that map different functional systems is useful, such as fMRI as a technique for the localization of cortical function and DTI as a technique for mapping of white matter fiber bundles or tracts.This booklet gives an insight into the wide field of multimodal imaging with respect to concepts, data acquisition, and postprocessing. Examples for intermodal and intramodal multimodality imaging are also demonstrated.Table of Contents: Introduction / Neurological Measurement Techniques and First Steps of Postprocessing / Coordinate Transformation / Examples for Multimodal Imaging / Clinical Aspects of Multimodal Imaging / References / Biography
|Author||: Exarchos, Themis P.,Papadopoulos, Athanasios,Fotiadis, Dimitrios I.|
|Publisher||: IGI Global|
|Release Date||: 2009-04-30|
|ISBN 10||: 1605663158|
|Pages||: 598 pages|
"This book includes state-of-the-art methodologies that introduce biomedical imaging in decision support systems and their applications in clinical practice"--Provided by publisher.
|Author||: Jeffrey Tweedale,Lakhmi C. Jain|
|Release Date||: 2013-12-13|
|ISBN 10||: 3642420176|
|Pages||: 305 pages|
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2012, held in San Sebastian, Spain, in September 2012. The 21 revised papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 254 submissions. Topics of interest include the exploitation of AI techniques, most recent research in information technologies and dynamic ontologies.
The only textbook written specifically for physicians training and practising in this developing medical subspecialty.
|Author||: S. Kamaledin Setarehdan,Sameer Singh|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2001-12-11|
|ISBN 10||: 9781852333898|
|Pages||: 636 pages|
Medical imaging is an important topic and plays a key role in robust diagnosis and patient care. It has experienced an explosive growth over the last few years due to imaging modalities such as X-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and ultrasound. This book focuses primarily on model-based segmentation techniques, which are applied to cardiac, brain, breast and microscopic cancer cell imaging. It includes contributions from authors working in industry and academia, and presents new material.
Over the last decade, some of the greatest achievements in the field of neuroimaging have been related to remarkable advances in magnetic resonance techniques, including diffusion, perfusion, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. Such techniques have provided valuable insights into tissue microstructure, microvasculature, metabolism and brain connectivity. Previously available mostly in research environments, these techniques are now becoming part of everyday clinical practice in a plethora of clinical MR systems. Nevertheless, despite growing interest and wider acceptance, there remains a lack of a comprehensive body of knowledge on the subject, exploring the intrinsic complexity and physical difficulty of the techniques. This book focuses on the basic principles and theories of diffusion, perfusion, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. It also explores their clinical applications and places emphasis on the associated artifacts and pitfalls with a comprehensive and didactic approach. This book aims to bridge the gap between research applications and clinical practice. It will serve as an educational manual for neuroimaging researchers and radiologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and physicists with an interest in advanced MR techniques. It will also be a useful reference text for experienced clinical scientists who wish to optimize their multi-parametric imaging approach.
|Author||: D. Jude Hemanth|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|ISBN 10||: 9811553297|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Covers all MR spectroscopy techniques and their clinical applications in neurological disorders, malignancies and musculoskeletal diseases.
Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord is the first book focused on quantitative MRI techniques with specific application to the human spinal cord. This work includes coverage of diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetization transfer imaging, relaxometry, functional MRI, and spectroscopy. Although these methods have been successfully used in the brain for the past 20 years, their application in the spinal cord remains problematic due to important acquisition challenges (such as small cross-sectional size, motion, and susceptibility artifacts). To date, there is no consensus on how to apply these techniques; this book reviews and synthesizes state-of-the-art methods so users can successfully apply them to the spinal cord. Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord introduces the theory behind each quantitative technique, reviews each theory’s applications in the human spinal cord and describes its pros and cons, and suggests a simple protocol for applying each quantitative technique to the spinal cord. Chapters authored by international experts in the field of MRI of the spinal cord Contains “cooking recipes —examples of imaging parameters for each quantitative technique—designed to aid researchers and clinicians in using them in practice Ideal for clinical settings
|Author||: Dorina Papageorgiou,George Christopoulos,Stelios Smirnakis|
|Publisher||: BoD – Books on Demand|
|Release Date||: 2014-05-31|
|ISBN 10||: 9535112031|
|Pages||: 680 pages|
The brain is the most complex computational device we know, consisting of highly interacting and redundant networks of areas, supporting specific brain functions. The rules by which these areas organize themselves to perform specific computations have only now started to be uncovered. Advances in non-invasive neuroimaging technologies have revolutionized our understanding of the functional anatomy of cortical circuits in health and disease states, which is the focus of this book. The first section of this book focuses on methodological issues, such as combining functional MRI technology with other brain imaging modalities. The second section examines the application of brain neuroimaging to understand cognitive, visual, auditory, motor and decision-making networks, as well as neurological diseases. The use of non-invasive neuroimaging technologies will continue to stimulate an exponential growth in understanding basic brain processes, largely as a result of sustained advances in neuroimaging methods and applications.
|Author||: Winfried A. Willinek|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2012-05-15|
|ISBN 10||: 1455744166|
|Pages||: 297 pages|
Information for neuroimaging specialists includes a "Diagnostic Checklist or “Clinical Recommendations along with tables presenting recommended MR sequences and protocols. The primary focus of the issue is 3.0T; one article specifically deals with 7T and higher fields are mentioned sporadically throughout. Topics include: Tumor High-Field MR; Stroke High-Field MR; High-Field MR of Inflammation; Vascular Disorders: MR Angiography of Brain Vessels, MR Angiography of Neck Vessels, and Perfusion Imaging; Plaque Imaging; Neurodegenerative Disease; Epilepsy Imaging; Head and Neck Oncology Applications; Pediatric High-Field Imaging; Spine High-Field Imaging; Ultra High-Field Imaging; Future Perspectives on High-Field MR
This concise and comprehensive review uniquely contains all the information required to perform and interpret clinical MR perfusion imaging.
|Author||: Praveen Ballabh|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2014-02-22|
|ISBN 10||: 0323296211|
|Pages||: 321 pages|
The 16 articles in this issue draw on the expertise of internationally recognized experts who have collectively provided cross-cutting reviews with a broad perspective on the current state of the field. The authors have provided succinct, up-to-date clinical perspectives and highlight current controversies and future challenges. As a result, this issue is a cutting-edge compendium of this complex and fast-moving field. Throughout the issue, the reader is encouraged to acquire a more comprehensive perspective by drawing connections between earlier and later articles that are thematically grouped around issues dealing with pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy. This issue underscores the vital importance of continued support to encourage and nurture collaboration among clinicians and scientists.
Concise yet comprehensive, Clinical Neurology, Fourth Edition builds on the success of three previous editions in helping medical students, junior doctors, and practicing physicians acquire an improved understanding of the principles of neurology. The fourth edition has been fully revised and updated to take into account current developments in the investigation and treatment of neurological disorders. It retains a clinical focus, emphasizing the basic skills of history taking and neurological examination throughout. This edition presents expanded coverage of neurophysiology and motor neurone disease. Authored and edited by leading figures in neurology, this book is an indispensable introduction to the field of clinical neurology, for use in training and study as well as in the clinical setting.
Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging is a comprehensive volume that focuses on the newest fields of MRI from functional and metabolic mapping to the latest applications of neuro-interventional techniques. Each chapter offers critical discussions regarding available methods and the most recent advances in neuroimaging, including such topics as the use of diffusion and perfusion MRI in the early detection of stroke, the revolutionary advent of high-speed MRI for non-invasively mapping cortical responses to task activation paradigms, and the principles and applications of contrast agents. The chapters also discuss how these new advances are applied to problems in patients ranging in age from the newborn to the elderly, as well as disease states ranging from metabolic encephalopathy to cardiovascular disorders and stroke. Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging will be a valuable text/reference for residents, research fellows, and clinicians in radiology, neuroradiology, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Basic relevant information on methodologies used in neurological disease models can be extremely hard to find. Originally published in 2006, this important reference work contains 30 chapters from over 60 internationally recognized scientists and covers every major methodology and disease model used in neuroscience research. Divided into two major sections, the first deals with general methodologies in neuroscience research covering topics from animal welfare and ethical issues to surgical procedures, post-operative care and behavioral testing. Section two covers every major disease model including traumatic brain injury, ischemia and stroke, to Parkinson's, motor neurone disease, epilepsy and sleep disorders. Delivering critical methodological information and describing small animal models for almost all major neurological diseases, this book forms an essential reference for anyone working in neuroscience, from beginning students to experienced researchers and medical professionals.
|Author||: Jay J. Pillai|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2014-11-13|
|ISBN 10||: 0323323847|
|Pages||: 193 pages|
Editor Jay J. Pillai and authors review important areas in Clinical Applications of Functional MRI. Articles will include: Blood Oxygen Level Dependent Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Presurgical Planning; Visual Mapping Using Blood Oxygen Level Dependent Functional MRI; Applications of BOLD fMRI and DTI in Epilepsy; Pretherapeutic fMRI in Children; BOLD fMRI for Presurgical Planning; Brain Tensor Imaging for Brain Malformations: Does it Help?; Technical Considerations for fMRI Analysis; Special Considerations/Technical Limitations of BOLD fMRI; The Economics of Functional MRI: Clinical and Research; Memory Assessment in the Clinical Context Using fMRI: A Critical Look at the State of the Field; Resting State BOLD fMRI for Pre-surgical Planning, and more!
It was only in 1980 that the first recognisable magnetic resonance images of the human brain were published, by Moore and Holland from Nottingham University in England. There then followed a number of clinical trials of brain imaging, the most notable from the Hammersmith Hospital in London using a system designed by EMI, the original manufacturers of the first CT machines. A true revolution in medicine has ensued; in only a few years there are thousands of scanning units, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has assumed a central importance in medical investigation. It is an extraordinary fact that within a few years of development, the esoteric physics of nuclear spin, angular momentum, and magnetic vector precession were harnessed to provide exquisite images of living anatomy; modem science has no greater tribute. That indisputable king of neurology and the oldest of recorded conditions, epilepsy, has not been untouched by the new technology; indeed, it is our view that the introduction of MRI of electroencephalography (EEG) in the late has been as important to epilepsy as was that 1930s. Now, for the first time, the structural and aetiological basis of the condition is susceptible to thorough investigation, and MRI can provide structural detail to parallel the functional detail of EEG. MRI has the same potential as had EEG over 50 years ago, to provide a new level of understanding of the basic mechanisms, the clinical features and the treatment of epilepsy.
|Author||: John William Grinstead|
|Release Date||: 2005|
|Pages||: 254 pages|
Written by Lane F. Donnelly, MD, recipient of the Society of Pediatric Radiology’s 2009 Singleton-Taybi Award for professional lifetime dedication to medical education, "Pediatric Imaging: The Fundamentals" makes it remarkably simple to learn how to safely perform and accurately interpret pediatric imaging studies. Ideal for residents and practitioners alike, this reader-friendly text emphasizes advanced imaging applications—including neuro applications—while nearly 400 high-quality, clinically relevant digital images (nearly 100 in color) clearly demonstrate essential concepts, techniques, and interpretation skills. Full-chapter coverage of current breakthroughs in PET/CT, MR sleep studies, fetal imaging, and more, ensure that you have the latest information available at your fingertips. Offers full-chapter coverage of current breakthroughs in PET/CT, MR sleep studies, fetal imaging, and more, ensuring that you have the latest information at your fingertips. Emphasizes advanced imaging applications, including neuro applications. Highlights the basic anatomy needed to understand this complex subspecialty. Provides an in-depth discussion of patient safety issues to help you gain a basic understanding of radiology and its effect on the pediatric patient. Presents information in a reader-friendly format through lists, tables, and images that makes reference quick and easy. Includes nearly 650 high-quality, clinically relevant digital images that clearly demonstrate essential concepts, techniques, and interpretation skills.