a history of active and passive vaccination

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Do Vaccines Cause That?!
Author : Martin G. Myers,Diego Pineda
Publisher : i4ph
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 0976902710
Pages : 268 pages

Almost 70% of parents who refuse to vaccinate their children do so because they believe vaccines may cause harm. Indeed vaccines have been blamed for causing asthma, autism, diabetes, and many other conditions most of which have causes that are incompletely understood. Do Vaccines Cause That?! A Guide for Evaluating Vaccine Safety Concerns provides parents with clearly understandable, science-based information about vaccines, immunization, and vaccine safety.

Basic Microbiology and Infection Control for Midwives
Author : Elisabeth Presterl,Magda Diab-El Schahawi,Jacqui S. Reilly
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-12-26
ISBN 10 : 3030020266
Pages : 210 pages

This book provides an evidence-based, practical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of the most frequent fungal infections in a general hospital. It offers a comprehensive overview of the basic medical and scientific background of fungal infections and carefully explains and discusses epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation. Readers will acquire a good and clear perception of invasive fungal infections, including diagnosis and treatment. This user-friendly resource not only serves as a valuable tool in clinical management, but also provides the basis for further research questions and studies in this particular field. It will be a useful companion for midwives as well as for doctors, medical and pharmacy students, nurses and other healthcare professionals.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine E-Book
Author : Jill M. Baren,Steven G. Rothrock,John Brennan,Lance Brown
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2007-10-24
ISBN 10 : 1437710301
Pages : 1352 pages

This authoritative reference equips you with the essential knowledge to provide comprehensive and effective care to children in an emergency setting. From age-specific diagnoses and chief complaints through developmental considerations and psychosocial issues, this text guides you through the full range of medical and surgical conditions commonly encountered when treating pediatric emergencies. The use of full color throughout, diagnostic algorithms, text boxes, charts, clinical pearls and pitfalls, and other visual features ensure the book will make crucial clinical information easy to find and apply. Tap into expert guidance on all aspects of pediatric emergency medicine, from the physical exam and usual and unusual presentations through to disposition criteria and transfer issues. Access step-by-step guidance on administering critical life support interventions and providing effective diagnostic and therapeutic ambulatory care. Quickly review specific treatment protocols for various emergency settings, including general emergency departments, community hospitals, tertiary care centers, EMS and transport, and triage. Find information fast with or without a known diagnosis, with content organized both by chief complaints and by specific diagnoses. Better understand how problems present differently in infants, children, and adolescents with age-specific diagnoses. Identify and manage the psychosocial issues surrounding pediatric patients, including major depression and suicidality, sexual and physical abuse, child neglect, and violence. Easily absorb key information with the aid of text boxes, algorithms, clinical pearls, and pitfalls. Retrieve information easily with a consistent templated format.

Public Health Law
Author : Larry Ogalthorpe Gostin,Lawrence O. Gostin
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date : 2000
ISBN 10 : 9780520226487
Pages : 491 pages

The first comprehensive treatment of public health law by the nation's leading expert in the field. In his research and teaching, Gostin has defined the field of public health law; this book represents the culmination of his research and thinking on the subject.

Clinical Virology
Author : Douglas D. Richman,Richard J. Whitley,Frederick G. Hayden
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-07-10
ISBN 10 : 1555819435
Pages : 1489 pages

The essential reference of clinical virology Virology is one of the most dynamic and rapidly changing fields of clinical medicine. For example, sequencing techniques from human specimens have identified numerous new members of several virus families, including new polyomaviruses, orthomyxoviruses, and bunyaviruses. Clinical Virology, Fourth Edition, has been extensively revised and updated to incorporate the latest developments and relevant research. Chapters written by internationally recognized experts cover novel viruses, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, organized into two major sections: Section 1 provides information regarding broad topics in virology, including immune responses, vaccinology, laboratory diagnosis, principles of antiviral therapy, and detailed considerations of important organ system manifestations and syndromes caused by viral infections. Section 2 provides overviews of specific etiologic agents and discusses their biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis of disease causation, clinical manifestations, laboratory diagnosis, and management. Clinical Virology provides the critical information scientists and health care professionals require about all aspects of this rapidly evolving field.

Basic Science in Obstetrics and Gynaecology E-Book
Author : Phillip Bennett,Catherine Williamson
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2014-04-10
ISBN 10 : 0702048712
Pages : 400 pages

A textbook covering the basic sciences relevant to obstetrics and gynaecology at a level suitable for doctors specialising in the field . The chapters match the syllabus of the specialist UK exam - the MRCOG Part 1 This new edition completely revised and updated to cover all the basic science required for the new MRCOG Part 1 exam. Genetics covered by two new chapters: Structure and function of the genome; and Clinical genetics. Extensive revision of immunology, statistics and evidence-based health. Many new illustrations, particularly in anatomy and immunology. New editorial team, plus nearly 50% new contributors. New self-assessment section written in the style of the new exam. This new edition completely revised and updated to cover all the basic science required for the new MRCOG Part 1 exam. Genetics covered by two new chapters: Structure and function of the genome; and Clinical genetics. Extensive revision of immunology, statistics and evidence-based health. Many new illustrations, particularly in anatomy and immunology. New editorial team, plus nearly 50% new contributors. New self-assessment section written in the style of the new exam.

Vaccines for Veterinarians E-Book
Author : Ian R. Tizard
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2019-11-19
ISBN 10 : 0323683002
Pages : 336 pages

Both a theoretical text and a practical handbook, Vaccines for Veterinarians is the first of its kind to bring the basic science of animal vaccination and the practical details of vaccine use together in one single volume. From the first chapter on the history of vaccination and the triumph of rinderpest eradication to the last chapter on the rapidly emerging field of cancer vaccines, this book offers a truly comprehensive grounding in established and emerging vaccines for both major and minor species. Specific topics include viral vectored vaccines, DNA-plasmid vaccines, RNA vaccines, reverse vaccinology, the complexities of adjuvant use, vaccine failures and adverse events, vaccine production and regulation, robotic vaccination machines, contraceptive and production-enhancing vaccines, and so much more. At a time when resistance to human vaccination is receiving much publicity, this evidence-based book is the ideal counter to ill-informed speculation — serving as a timely reminder that vaccination is essential for the control of infectious diseases in animals. Well-respected and experienced veterinary author, Ian Tizard, provides expert guidance on the topic of vaccinations and immunology in veterinary medicine. Expert Consult site offers an online version of the book, making it easy to search the entire book electronically. The latest information on viral vectored vaccines keeps you up-to-date on the topic as well as the properties and relative advantages of currently used vectors in animal vaccines. Survey of vaccine responses covers the different mechanisms by which the immune system responds to different types of vaccines. Inclusion of the latest vaccine technologies discusses the advantages and disadvantages of DNA-plasmid vaccines, RNA vaccines, and more. Coverage of adverse events and hypersensitivities includes the best ways to treat them and report them. Coverage of passive immunization discusses the growing use of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies in veterinary medicine. Coverage of immunotherapy includes recent improvements and new products in both active and passive immunotherapy against animal cancers.

GI/Liver Secrets Plus E-Book
Author : Peter R McNally
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2010-03-19
ISBN 10 : 0323082785
Pages : 800 pages

GI/Liver Secrets Plus, 4th Edition, by Peter R. McNally, DO, FACP, FACG - a volume in the popular Secrets Series® - uses a convenient Q&A approach to provide rapid reference and review of today's most common GI and liver disorders and their management. An expanded size and layout, user-friendly two-color page layout, question-and-answer approach, and list of the "Top 100 GI/Liver Secrets" make it a perfect concise board review tool and a handy clinical reference. Updated coverage throughout equips you with all of the most current and essential knowledge in the field. Uses bulleted lists, tables, boxes, short answers, and a highly detailed index to expedite reference. Includes Key Points and memory aids in each chapter that make it perfect for board review or clinical reference. Covers all of today's most common GI and liver disorders and their management. Features the new "Secrets PLUS" format - with an expanded size and layout, more information, and more visual elements - for easier review and an overall enhanced reference experience. Contains new images and illustrations to provide more detail and offer a clearer picture of what is seen in practice. Incorporates revisions throughout to provide you with an up-to-date overview of gastroenterology and hepatology, including new chapters on Esophageal and Stomach Pathology, Pathology of the Lower GI Tract, Gastroesophageal Reflux and Esophageal Hernias, and Surgery of Achalasia and Esophageal Cancer. Offers reorganized and expanded sections covering the bowels and colon for more specific and easier reference: Small and Large Bowel Disorders; Colon Disorders; and General Symptoms and Conditions.

Author : Stanley A. Plotkin,Walter A. Orenstein,Paul A. Offit
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2017-09-01
ISBN 10 : 9780323357616
Pages : 329 pages

Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease
Author : Graham Foster,K Rajender Reddy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-09-22
ISBN 10 : 1444319604
Pages : 272 pages

Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease is a practicalup-to-date handbook providing answers to the questions andchallenges that arise in day-to-day practice. Each short chapter addresses a different topic and providesevidence-based guidance on subjects ranging from optimizing currentmanagement through to special management problems and noveltreatments. This book is suitable for all medical professionals involved inthe care of patients with viral liver disease: established andtrainee hepatologists, pediatric hepatologists, pathologists,radiologists, transplant surgeons and nurse specialists

Sexually Transmitted Infections - E-book
Author : Bhushan Kumar,Somesh Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2014-02-10
ISBN 10 : 8131229785
Pages : 1422 pages

Covers all aspects (historical, epidemiological, diagnostic, clinical, preventative, public health and medico-legal) of STIs in complete detail with a special emphasis on STIs in special groups—migrants, homosexuals, and sexually abused. Covers basic and laboratory sciences extensively to blend with the basics required by the clinician for proper understanding of the disease process. Clinical photographs, illustrations, photographs of specimens and cultures, histopathology, flow charts and line diagrams are given extensively throughout the text to make relevant clinical situation self-explanatory. Has very useful and practical information for even the clinician in the periphery, where the investigative component is either non-existent or very basic and many new drugs are not available or unaffordable. Management of HIV in adults and children in resource-poor countries has been covered extensively along with syndromic management of STIs. This enables a physician to choose from approaches in a particular situation depending upon the available means—laboratory or therapeutic. Covers sexual dysfunction in both men and women and the basics of human sexual behavior and sexual health. Section Editors and Contributors from all continents of the world have made this a truly global reference book. It is a useful reference text for epidemiologists, public health experts, clinicians, microbiologists, health workers, social organizations and counselors working in the field of STIs, sexual health, and HIV.

Drugs for Pregnant and Lactating Women E-Book
Author : Carl P. Weiner,Catalin Buhimschi
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2009-05-11
ISBN 10 : 1437721362
Pages : 1120 pages

Drugs for Pregnant and Lactating Women, 2nd Edition, by Carl P. Weiner, MD, MBA, FACOG, and Catalin Buhimschi, MD, is a must-have reference that details how virtually all of today’s drugs and herbal supplements interact with pregnancy and lactation. Updated thoroughly and covering nearly 2,000 substances, the new edition explains whether each drug is FDA-approved for use by expecting or nursing mothers...is known to be safe for use...or is known to pose a danger. An alphabetical organization by both trade and generic name...a special index listing drugs by category...and an easy-to-read page format make reference more efficient. Describes each substance's mechanism of action, side effects, drug-drug interactions, dosage, cost of therapy, and degree of safety during pregnancy or lactation, providing the thorough details you need to choose the most effective course of treatment. Indicates not only whether the FDA has approved a drug based on clinical trials, but also whether the drug is generally considered to be safe in the absence of FDA approval. Includes over-the-counter drugs and alternative medications as well as prescription drugs, to give you a broad background of available drugs. Features an alphabetical organization by both trade and generic name...a special index listing drugs by category...and an easy-to-read page format that make reference more efficient. Uses an eye-catching icon to highlight known teratogens. Examines new drugs that have been introduced to the market since the publication of the previous edition, and presents revised or new information for all current listings, to keep you current. Provides drug interaction information to make you aware of the possible implications of using more than one drug in combination. Includes international drug names to give this reference an international perspective.

Rapid Virus Diagnosis
Author : P. S. Gardner,J. McQuillin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2014-06-28
ISBN 10 : 1483192172
Pages : 332 pages

Rapid Virus Diagnosis: Application of Immunofluorescence presents developments in immunofluorescence as a technique for the diagnosis of virus infections. It discusses the effective and rapid methods for the diagnosis of virus infections. It addresses the application of fluorescent antibody techniques to the diagnosis and the investigation of virus infections and the assessment of their value both to the clinician and to the virologist. Some of the topics covered in the book are the fluorescence microscopy; nature of fluorescence; filter systems; transmitted light microscopy; interference filters for transmitted light microscopy; lamp centration and alignment of microscope; contrast-fluorescence condensers; photomicrography; and choice of microscope. The culture of viruses for production of antiserum is fully covered. The selection of cell lines or tissues for virus culture is discussed in detail. The text describes in depth the fluorescent antibody staining techniques. The preparation of specimens from respiratory infections is presented completely. A chapter is devoted to the respiratory syncytial virus. Another section focuses on the analysis influenza virus, paramyxoviruses, and picornaviruses. The book can provide useful information to doctors, virologists, students, and researchers.

Comprehensive Pharmacy Review
Author : Leon Shargel,Alan H. Mutnick,Paul F. Souney,Larry N. Swanson
Publisher : Lippincott Raven
Release Date : 2001
ISBN 10 : 9780781721479
Pages : 1171 pages

This thoroughly-updated edition features contributions from more than 24 specialists, and reflects the current progress in pharmacy education and practice. Written for pharmacy students who are preparing for the NAPLEX test, and for pharmacy undergraduates and professionals who need detailed summaries of pharmacy subjects, this study guide covers chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmacy practice, drug therapy, and other topics. A separate booklet of simulated NAPLEX exams supplements this review, and provides reliable test practice. Chapters are organized to parallel the pharmacy curriculum and appear in outline form for easy use. Appendices include prescription dispensing information, common prescription drugs, and general pharmacy references. It can be used by a diverse group of readers, including the following: Matriculating pharmacy students who often require such a text in their freshman year to help them prepare for course examinations / Instructors and preceptors who can use the chapter outlines to help organize courses and plan specific lectures / Professional pharmacists who can use a convenient handbook of pharmacy facts and up-to-date information

Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2012
Author : Fred F. Ferri
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-05-04
ISBN 10 : 0323081061
Pages : 1568 pages

With the 2012 edition of Ferri’s Clinical Advisor, you can access current diagnostic and therapeutic information on more than 700 common medical conditions faster and more effectively than ever before. Dr. Fred F. Ferri’s popular "5 books in 1" format provides quick guidance on Acute Coronary Syndromes, Biceps Tendonitis, H1N1 Influenza, Infertility, Metastic Brain Tumors, Postpartum Follow-up, Small Bowel Obstruction, Social Anxiety Disorder, Stuttering and much more. At www.expertconsult.com, you can search the complete contents and download patient education guides in both English and Spanish. Rapidly find the answers you need with separate sections on diseases and disorders, differential diagnosis, clinical algorithms, laboratory results, and clinical preventive services, plus an at-a-glance format that uses cross-references, outlines, bullets, tables, boxes, and algorithms to expedite reference. Review normal values and interpret results for more than 200 lab tests. Confidently perform more than 60 procedures using step-by-step, how-to instructions covering ICD-9 and CPT codes, indications, contraindications, and complications. Get the billing codes you need, including ICD-9-CM codes, to expedite insurance reimbursements. Improve your practice’s efficiency with cost-effective referral and consultation guidelines. Make informed clinical decisions with updated evidence-based medicine references. Identify and treat a broader range of disorders with coverage of 24 new topics, 75 new tables, and 60 new algorithms as well as 7 new Laboratory Tests and 2 new Clinical Practice Guidelines tables. Ensure the best patient encounters and outcomes with 86 new downloadable Patient Teaching Guides online covering Acute Coronary Syndrome, Diabetes Insipidus, Electrical Injury, Pulmonary Hypertension and more! Improve your interpretation of presenting symptoms with 97 new topics in the Differential Diagnosis section including Amnionic Fluid Alpha-Fetoprotein Elevation, Back Pain, Bone Mass, Calcifications, Delirium, Gastric Dilation, Heart Failure, Muscle Disease, Sore Throat, Urinary Retention, Valvular Heart Disease and Vegetative State. Access the complete text online with additional algorithms, suggested reading, links to PubMed, and more at expertconsult.com

Antisera, Toxoids, Vaccines, and Tuberculins in Prophylaxis and Treatment
Author : Henry James Parish
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1954
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 227 pages

Supportive therapy in haematology
Author : P.C. Das,C. Th. Smit-Sibinga,M. R. Halie
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN 10 : 1461325773
Pages : 410 pages

As appropriately outlined in the first chapter in cells was pioneered in Holland by Van Loghem and part II in this book, the history of contemporary Van Rood, and it led eventually to the discovery of blood transfusion is only three-quarters of a cen the HLA system and its subsequent explosive de tury old. On the surface, there is not much left in velopment. In biochemistry, the work on the ABO common between an arm to arm blood transfer and MN blood group substances has provided carried out as an heroic measure in the twenties, pointers to general features of the biosynthesis and when patient or donor had to be weighed in order role of glycolipids and glycoproteins in the cell for the physician to decide when to stop, and blood membrane, and the identification of serological component therapy of today, when several patients specificities associated with specific oligo sac can benefit from appropriately measured and stan chari des has proven for the first time how gene dardized amounts of various purified blood frac products that are not proteins can exhibit Men tions. Yet, the basic principles of blood transfusion delian inheritance.

Sheehy's Emergency Nursing - E-Book
Author : Emergency Nurses Association,ENA
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2009-06-30
ISBN 10 : 0323074022
Pages : 768 pages

Written by emergency nurses for emergency nurses, this comprehensive, evidence-based resource covers the issues and procedures that are often unique to the emergency department. New developments and changes in clinical practice are incorporated throughout. The user-friendly format features more than 350 high-quality illustrations and 150 tables that highlight essential concepts and offer quick access to vital information. Key coverage includes clinical fundamentals, treatment for trauma and medical-surgical emergencies, the foundations of emergency nursing practice, and special populations. 58 contributors offer valuable insights from a broad range of clinical positions in rural, suburban, and urban areas. High-quality radiographs and other diagnostic images help you learn to identify common conditions — especially head trauma, fractures, and dislocations. Logically organized, chapters are grouped into six sections for quick access to important content: Foundations of Emergency Nursing, Professional Practice, Clinical Foundations of Emergency Nursing, Major Trauma Emergencies, Medical and Surgical Emergencies, and Special Patient Populations. Tables and boxes highlight and summarize critical information for at-a-glance reference. A separate unit on special patient populations covers topics such as child abuse, elder abuse, intimate partner violence, sexual assault, substance abuse and behavioral/pediatric/obstetrical emergencies. Priority nursing diagnoses are highlighted in a quick-reference appendix to help you focus on the most serious problems. Five new chapters bring you the most reliable, up-to-date information on these key topics: Management of the Critical Care Patient in the Emergency Department Family Presence During Resuscitation Forensic Nursing Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Agents of Mass Destruction Influenza: Seasonal, Avian, and Pandemic Expanded coverage of shock and sepsis provides essential information on pathophysiology and diagnosis, with valuable guidelines for managing these patients. A detailed discussion of various types of triage systems and triage acuity ratings examines valid and reliable methods for differentiating between patients who require immediate treatment and those who can wait. Additional coverage of behavioral health emergencies includes new information on agitation, substance abuse, and suicide prevention.

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Author : Elmar P. Sakala
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date : 2000
ISBN 10 : 9780683307436
Pages : 443 pages

BRS Obstetrics and Gynecology applies the popular BRS format of outline review followed by USMLE-style questions. This second edition focuses on OB/GYN clerkship material relevant to the USMLE Step 2 and clerkship exams. Dr. Sakala, who actively teaches USMLE Steps 2 and 3 preparatory courses, has included 500 updated review questions with complete answers and explanations. Also featured in this revised edition are new illustrations, an abridged infectious disease section, additional information on Breast Diseases (a topic heavily tested on the USMLE Step 2), and more clinical features.

Modern Concepts of Acute and Chronic Hepatitis
Author : G. Gitnick
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN 10 : 1461595193
Pages : 358 pages

The literature of medicine continues to expand at a remarkable pace. The number of papers and monographs published has increased dramatically in the past five years. Nowhere has this increase been as dramatic as in the field of acute and chronic hepatitis. Why then should there be still another book? Despite the sheer volume of words published, it is still difficult to find in anyone volume a compilation of all of the most significant work. Most mono graphs have considered either chronic or acute hepatitis, not both. Few works have addressed both the clinician and the basic scientist. This book addresses both of these audiences and considers both of these diseases. It was designed to provide an authoritative but concise assessment of our changing concepts of acute and chronic hepatitis. It covers what is currently known and, based on the most convincing research, believed about these diseases. To fulfill this ambitious goal, only authors with international reputations in their fields of expertise were invited to contribute. In the evolution of our current thoughts on the pathogenesis and manage ment of acute and chronic hepatitis, our ideas have changed several times. This book presents the facts as they are known today and, in areas where all the facts are not established, presents the well-founded opinions of those considered to be authorities. The authors present established and usually confirmed data and do not deal extensively with areas of speculation or unconfirmed material.