A Guide to Kernel Exploitation: Attacking the Core discusses the theoretical techniques and approaches needed to develop reliable and effective kernel-level exploits, and applies them to different operating systems, namely, UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, and Windows. Concepts and tactics are presented categorically so that even when a specifically detailed vulnerability has been patched, the foundational information provided will help hackers in writing a newer, better attack; or help pen testers, auditors, and the like develop a more concrete design and defensive structure. The book is organized into four parts. Part I introduces the kernel and sets out the theoretical basis on which to build the rest of the book. Part II focuses on different operating systems and describes exploits for them that target various bug classes. Part III on remote kernel exploitation analyzes the effects of the remote scenario and presents new techniques to target remote issues. It includes a step-by-step analysis of the development of a reliable, one-shot, remote exploit for a real vulnerabilitya bug affecting the SCTP subsystem found in the Linux kernel. Finally, Part IV wraps up the analysis on kernel exploitation and looks at what the future may hold. Covers a range of operating system families — UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, Windows Details common scenarios such as generic memory corruption (stack overflow, heap overflow, etc.) issues, logical bugs and race conditions Delivers the reader from user-land exploitation to the world of kernel-land (OS) exploits/attacks, with a particular focus on the steps that lead to the creation of successful techniques, in order to give to the reader something more than just a set of tricks
"A very interesting book that not only exposes readers to kernel exploitation techniques, but also deeply motivates the study of operating systems internals, moving such study far beyond simple curiosity."--Golden G. Richard III, Ph. D., Professor of Computer Science, University of New Orleans and CTO, Digital Forensics Solutions, LLC The number of security countermeasures against user-land exploitation is on the rise. Because of this, kernel exploitation is becoming much more popular among exploit writers and attackers. Playing with the heart of the operating system can be a dangerous game: This book covers the theoretical techniques and approaches needed to develop reliable and effective kernel level exploits and applies them to different operating systems (UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, and Windows). Kernel exploits require both art and science to achieve. Every OS has its quirks and so every exploit must be molded to fully exploit its target. This book discusses the most popular OS families-UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, and Windows-and how to gain complete control over them. Concepts and tactices are presented categorically so that even when a specifically detailed exploit has been patched, the foundational information that you have read will help you to write a newer, better attack or a more concrete design and defensive structure. Covers a range of operating system families - UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, Windows Details common scenarios such as generic memory corruption (stack overflow, heap overflow, etc.) issues, logical bugs and race conditions Delivers the reader from user-land exploitation to the world of kernel-land (OS) exploits/attacks, with a particular focus on the steps that lead to the creation of successful techniques, in order to give to the reader something more than just a set of tricks Covers a range of operating system families - UNIX derivatives, Mac OS X, Windows Details common scenarios such as generic memory corruption (stack overflow, heap overflow, etc.) issues, logical bugs and race conditions Delivers the reader from user-land exploitation to the world of kernel-land (OS) exploits/attacks, with a particular focus on the steps that lead to the creation of successful techniques, in order to give to the reader something more than just a set of tricks.
Discover all the security risks and exploits that can threateniOS-based mobile devices iOS is Apple's mobile operating system for the iPhone and iPad.With the introduction of iOS5, many security issues have come tolight. This book explains and discusses them all. The award-winningauthor team, experts in Mac and iOS security, examines thevulnerabilities and the internals of iOS to show how attacks can bemitigated. The book explains how the operating system works, itsoverall security architecture, and the security risks associatedwith it, as well as exploits, rootkits, and other payloadsdeveloped for it. Covers iOS security architecture, vulnerability hunting,exploit writing, and how iOS jailbreaks work Explores iOS enterprise and encryption, code signing and memoryprotection, sandboxing, iPhone fuzzing, exploitation, ROP payloads,and baseband attacks Also examines kernel debugging and exploitation Companion website includes source code and tools to facilitateyour efforts iOS Hacker's Handbook arms you with the tools needed toidentify, understand, and foil iOS attacks.
This text introduces the spirit and theory of hacking as well as the science behind it all; it also provides some core techniques and tricks of hacking so you can think like a hacker, write your own hacks or thwart potential system attacks.
Whether you want to learn how to develop a robust, full-featured rootkit or you're looking for effective ways to prevent one from being installed on your network, this hands-on resource provides you with the tools you'll need. Expert developer Ric Vieler walks you through all of the capabilities of rootkits, the technology they use, steps for developing and testing them, and the detection methods to impede their distribution. This book provides the detailed, step-by-step instructions and examples required to produce full-featured, robust rootkits. Presented in modular sections, source code from each chapter can be used separately or together to produce highlyspecific functionality. In addition, Vieler details the loading, configuration, and control techniques used to deploy rootkits. All ancillary software is fully detailed with supporting source code and links to the compilers, utilities, and scripts necessary to build and run every example provided. What you will learn from this book Complete coverage of all major rootkit technologies: kernel hooks, process injection, I/O filtering, I/O control, memory management, process synchronization, TDI communication, network filtering, email filtering, key logging, process hiding, device driver hiding, registry key hiding, directory hiding and more Complete coverage of the compilers, kits, utilities, and tools required to develop robust rootkits Techniques for protecting your system by detecting a rootkit before it's installed Ways to create modular, commercial grade software Who this book is for This book is for anyone who is involved in software development or computer security. Wrox Professional guides are planned and written by working programmers to meet the real-world needs of programmers, developers, and IT professionals. Focused and relevant, they address the issues technology professionals face every day. They provide examples, practical solutions, and expert education in new technologies, all designed to help programmers do a better job.
The first comprehensive guide to discovering and preventingattacks on the Android OS As the Android operating system continues to increase its shareof the smartphone market, smartphone hacking remains a growingthreat. Written by experts who rank among the world's foremostAndroid security researchers, this book presents vulnerabilitydiscovery, analysis, and exploitation tools for the good guys.Following a detailed explanation of how the Android OS works andits overall security architecture, the authors examine howvulnerabilities can be discovered and exploits developed forvarious system components, preparing you to defend againstthem. If you are a mobile device administrator, security researcher,Android app developer, or consultant responsible for evaluatingAndroid security, you will find this guide is essential to yourtoolbox. A crack team of leading Android security researchers explainAndroid security risks, security design and architecture, rooting,fuzz testing, and vulnerability analysis Covers Android application building blocks and security as wellas debugging and auditing Android apps Prepares mobile device administrators, security researchers,Android app developers, and security consultants to defend Androidsystems against attack Android Hacker's Handbook is the first comprehensiveresource for IT professionals charged with smartphonesecurity.
"Operating systems provide the fundamental mechanisms for securing computer processing. Since the 1960s, operating systems designers have explored how to build"secure" operating systems - operating systems whose mechanisms protect the system against a motivated adversary. Recently, the importance of ensuring such security has become a mainstream issue for all operating systems. In this book, we examine past research that outlines the requirements for a secure operating system and research that implements example systems that aim for such requirements. For system designs that aimed to satisfy these requirements,we see that the complexity of software systems often results in implementation challenges that we are still exploring to this day. However, if a system design does not aim for achieving the secure operating system requirements, then its security features fail to protect the system in a myriad of ways. We also study systems that have been retro-fit with secure operating system features after an initial deployment. In all cases, the conflict between function on one hand and security on the other leads to difficult choices and the potential for unwise compromises. From this book, we hope that systems designers and implementers will learn the requirements for operating systems that effectively enforce security and will better understand how to manage the balance between function and security."--BOOK JACKET.
This much-anticipated revision, written by the ultimate group of top security experts in the world, features 40 percent new content on how to find security holes in any operating system or application New material addresses the many new exploitation techniques that have been discovered since the first edition, including attacking "unbreakable" software packages such as McAfee's Entercept, Mac OS X, XP, Office 2003, and Vista Also features the first-ever published information on exploiting Cisco's IOS, with content that has never before been explored The companion Web site features downloadable code files
Analyzing how hacks are done, so as to stop them in thefuture Reverse engineering is the process of analyzing hardware orsoftware and understanding it, without having access to the sourcecode or design documents. Hackers are able to reverse engineersystems and exploit what they find with scary results. Now the goodguys can use the same tools to thwart these threats. PracticalReverse Engineering goes under the hood of reverse engineeringfor security analysts, security engineers, and system programmers,so they can learn how to use these same processes to stop hackersin their tracks. The book covers x86, x64, and ARM (the first book to cover allthree); Windows kernel-mode code rootkits and drivers; virtualmachine protection techniques; and much more. Best of all, itoffers a systematic approach to the material, with plenty ofhands-on exercises and real-world examples. Offers a systematic approach to understanding reverseengineering, with hands-on exercises and real-world examples Covers x86, x64, and advanced RISC machine (ARM) architecturesas well as deobfuscation and virtual machine protectiontechniques Provides special coverage of Windows kernel-mode code(rootkits/drivers), a topic not often covered elsewhere, andexplains how to analyze drivers step by step Demystifies topics that have a steep learning curve Includes a bonus chapter on reverse engineering tools Practical Reverse Engineering: Using x86, x64, ARM, WindowsKernel, and Reversing Tools provides crucial, up-to-dateguidance for a broad range of IT professionals.
Beginning with a basic primer on reverse engineering-including computer internals, operating systems, and assembly language-and then discussing the various applications of reverse engineering, this book provides readers with practical, in-depth techniques for software reverse engineering. The book is broken into two parts, the first deals with security-related reverse engineering and the second explores the more practical aspects of reverse engineering. In addition, the author explains how to reverse engineer a third-party software library to improve interfacing and how to reverse engineer a competitor's software to build a better product. * The first popular book to show how software reverse engineering can help defend against security threats, speed up development, and unlock the secrets of competitive products * Helps developers plug security holes by demonstrating how hackers exploit reverse engineering techniques to crack copy-protection schemes and identify software targets for viruses and other malware * Offers a primer on advanced reverse-engineering, delving into "disassembly"-code-level reverse engineering-and explaining how to decipher assembly language
Master Shellcode to leverage the buffer overflow concept Key Features Understand how systems can be bypassed both at the operating system and network level with shellcode, assembly, and Metasploit Learn to write and modify 64-bit shellcode along with kernel-level shellcode concepts A step-by-step guide that will take you from low-level security skills to covering loops with shellcode Book Description Security is always a major concern for your application, your system, or your environment. This book’s main goal is to build up your skills for low-level security exploits, enabling you to find vulnerabilities and cover loopholes with shellcode, assembly, and Metasploit. This book covers topics ranging from memory management and assembly to compiling and extracting shellcode and using syscalls and dynamically locating functions in memory. This book also covers how to compile 64-bit shellcode for Linux and Windows along with Metasploit shellcode tools. Lastly, this book will also show you to how to write your own exploits with intermediate techniques, using real-world scenarios. By the end of this book, you will have become an expert in shellcode and will understand how systems are compromised both at the operating system and at the network level. What you will learn Create an isolated lab to test and inject Shellcodes (Windows and Linux) Understand both Windows and Linux behavior in overflow attacks Learn the assembly programming language Create Shellcode using assembly and Metasploit Detect buffer overflows Debug and reverse-engineer using tools such as gdb, edb, and immunity (Windows and Linux) Exploit development and Shellcode injections (Windows and Linux) Prevent and protect against buffer overflows and heap corruption Who this book is for This book is intended to be read by penetration testers, malware analysts, security researchers, forensic practitioners, exploit developers, C language programmers, software testers, and students in the security field. Readers should have a basic understanding of OS internals (Windows and Linux). Some knowledge of the C programming language is essential, and a familiarity with the Python language would be helpful.
A highly detailed guide to performing powerful attack vectors in many hands-on scenarios and defending significant security flaws in your company's infrastructure Key Features Advanced exploitation techniques to breach modern operating systems and complex network devices Learn about Docker breakouts, Active Directory delegation, and CRON jobs Practical use cases to deliver an intelligent endpoint-protected system Book Description It has always been difficult to gain hands-on experience and a comprehensive understanding of advanced penetration testing techniques and vulnerability assessment and management. This book will be your one-stop solution to compromising complex network devices and modern operating systems. This book provides you with advanced penetration testing techniques that will help you exploit databases, web and application servers, switches or routers, Docker, VLAN, VoIP, and VPN. With this book, you will explore exploitation abilities such as offensive PowerShell tools and techniques, CI servers, database exploitation, Active Directory delegation, kernel exploits, cron jobs, VLAN hopping, and Docker breakouts. Moving on, this book will not only walk you through managing vulnerabilities, but will also teach you how to ensure endpoint protection. Toward the end of this book, you will also discover post-exploitation tips, tools, and methodologies to help your organization build an intelligent security system. By the end of this book, you will have mastered the skills and methodologies needed to breach infrastructures and provide complete endpoint protection for your system. What you will learn Exposure to advanced infrastructure penetration testing techniques and methodologies Gain hands-on experience of penetration testing in Linux system vulnerabilities and memory exploitation Understand what it takes to break into enterprise networks Learn to secure the configuration management environment and continuous delivery pipeline Gain an understanding of how to exploit networks and IoT devices Discover real-world, post-exploitation techniques and countermeasures Who this book is for If you are a system administrator, SOC analyst, penetration tester, or a network engineer and want to take your penetration testing skills and security knowledge to the next level, then this book is for you. Some prior experience with penetration testing tools and knowledge of Linux and Windows command-line syntax is beneficial.