2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, covering the photonic properties of a range of 2D materials including graphene, 2D phosphorene and MXenes, and discussing applications in lighting and energy storage. This comprehensive reference is ideal for readers seeking a detailed and critical analysis of how 2D materials are being used for a range of photonic and optical applications. Outlines the major photonic properties in a variety of 2D materials Demonstrates major applications in lighting and energy storage Explores the challenges of using 2D materials in photonics
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous interest since the study of graphene in the early 21st century. With their thickness in the angstrom-to-nanometer range, 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, phosphorene, silicene, and other inorganic and organic materials, can be an ideal platform to study fundamental many-body interactions because of reduced screening and can also be further engineered for nanophotonic applications. This book compiles research outcomes of leading groups in the field of 2D materials for nanophotonic physics and devices. It describes research advances of 2D materials for various nanophotonic applications, including ultrafast lasers, atomically thin optical lenses, and gratings to inelastically manipulate light propagation, their integrations with photonic nanostructures, and light–matter interactions. The book focuses on actual applications, while digging into the physics underneath. It targets advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and researchers in nanotechnology, physics, and chemistry, especially those with an interest in 2D materials.
Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.
|Author||: Qiaoliang Bao,Hui Ying Hoh|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2019-10-19|
|ISBN 10||: 0128154357|
|Pages||: 336 pages|
2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications introduces readers to two-dimensional materials and their properties (optical, electronic, spin and plasmonic), various methods of synthesis, and possible applications, with a strong focus on novel findings and technological challenges. The two-dimensional materials reviewed include hexagonal boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, black phosphorous and other novel materials. This book will be ideal for students and researchers in materials science, photonics, electronics, nanotechnology and condensed matter physics and chemistry, providing background for both junior investigators and timely reviews for seasoned researchers. Provides an in-depth look at boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, and more Reviews key applications for photonics and optoelectronics, including photodetectors, optical signal processing, light-emitting diodes and photovoltaics Addresses key technological challenges for the realization of optoelectronic applications and comments on future solutions
"Semiconducting two-dimensional materials have gained increasing scientific interest within the last decade. Their electronic band gap in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectra, intriguing properties associated with spin and valley pseudospin of carriers and strongly bound excitons make them an excellent platform for both fundamental research, and technology tailored towards applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Recently, 3D localized excitons in 2D materials have emerged as a novel source of single photon emitters, thus, unlocking the potential of these flatland materials in quantum optics and quantum information technology. The discovery of these localized excitons and the advances made in the study of quantum emitters in 2D materials are the major contributions of this thesis. In this thesis, we study quantum-confined excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), a semiconducting class of 2D material. The effects of 3D confinement of excitons in the host monolayer TMDCs are investigated by optical spectroscopy. Low-temperature photoluminescence emission from the localized excitons exhibits narrow linewidths ranging from 100 fineV - 500 fineV with peak energies that are red-shifted from the delocalized excitons. Photon antibunching in intensity autocorrelation measurement confirms their single-photon nature. Magneto-optical studies reveal an exciton g-factor of fi10. Next, electric- field tunable devices based on van derWaals heterostructure are built around these localized emitters hosted by monolayer TMDC to study the quantum-confined Stark effect and demonstrate the electrical modulation of their photophysical properties such as emission energy, intensity, linewidth and fine structure splitting. We also investigate fully localized trions embedded in a charge-tunable van der Waals heterostructure. In such a device, direct electrostatic doping results in the formation of quantum confined trions with reduced electron-hole exchange interactions manifested by a reduction in the fine structure splitting and enhanced degree of circular polarization. This fosters the possibility of fabricating optically controlled spin-valley qubits with 2D materials. Lastly, we present various integrated devices based on 2D materials that are coupled with nanostructures such as metallic nano-antenna, nanowire-based waveguide and planar optical cavity based on distributed Bragg reflectors. These devices not only serve as a platform for solid-state quantum optics research but also provide building blocks for future nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuits."--Pages xvi-xvii.
`Nanophotonic Materials - Photonic Crystals, Plasmonics, and Metamaterials' summarizes the work and results of a consortium consisting of more than 20 German research groups concentrated on photonics crystals research over the last seven years. Illustrated throughout in full color, the book provides an overview of these novel materials, spanning the entire range from fundamentals to applications.
Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors
This comprehensive text collects the progress made in recent years in the fabrication, processing, and performance of organic nanophotonic materials and devices. The first part of the book addresses photonic nanofabrications in a chapter on multiphoton processes in nanofabrication and microscopy imaging. The second part of the book is focused on nanoscale light sources for integrated nanophotonic circuits, and is composed of three chapters on organic nano/microcavities, organic laser materials, and polymer light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). The third part is focused on the interactions between light and matter and consists in three chapters, including the propagation of light in organic nanostructures and photoswitches based on nonlinear optical polymer photonic crystals and photoresponsive molecules, respectively. The final chapter of this book introduces the integration of miniaturized photonic devices and circuits with various organic nanophotonic elements. The practical case studies demonstrate how the latest applications actually work, while tables throughout the book summarize key information and diagrams and figures help readers to grasp complex concepts and designs. The references at the end of each chapter can be used as the gateway to the relevant literature in the field. Moreover, this book helps researchers to advance their own investigations to develop the next generation of miniaturized devices for information processing, efficient energy conversion, and highly accurate sensing. Yong Sheng Zhao, PhD, is a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), China.
|Author||: Paulo André Dias Gonçalves|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|Release Date||: 2020-03-19|
|ISBN 10||: 3030382915|
|Pages||: 232 pages|
This thesis presents a comprehensive theoretical description of classical and quantum aspects of plasmonics in three and two dimensions, and also in transdimensional systems containing elements with different dimensionalities. It focuses on the theoretical understanding of the salient features of plasmons in nanosystems as well as on the multifaceted aspects of plasmon-enhanced light–matter interactions at the nanometer scale. Special emphasis is given to the modeling of nonclassical behavior across the transition regime bridging the classical and the quantum domains. The research presented in this dissertation provides useful tools for understanding surface plasmons in various two- and three-dimensional nanostructures, as well as quantum mechanical effects in their response and their joint impact on light–matter interactions at the extreme nanoscale. These contributions constitute novel and solid advancements in the research field of plasmonics and nanophotonics that will help guide future experimental investigations in the blossoming field of nanophotonics, and also facilitate the design of the next generation of truly nanoscale nanophotonic devices.
|Author||: Li Tao,Deji Akinwande|
|Release Date||: 2020-06-12|
|ISBN 10||: 012818387X|
|Pages||: 348 pages|
Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things: Information, Sensing and Energy Applications summarizes state-of-the-art technologies in applying 2D layered materials, discusses energy and sensing device applications as essential infrastructure solutions, and explores designs that will make internet-of-things devices faster, more reliable and more accessible for the creation of mass-market products. The book focuses on information, energy and sensing applications, showing how different types of 2D materials are being used to create a new generation of products and devices that harness the capabilities of wireless technology in an eco-efficient, reliable way. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers, who are designing new wireless products in a variety of industry sectors. Explores how 2D materials are being used to create faster and more reliable wireless network solutions Discusses how graphene-based nanocomposites are being used for energy harvesting and storage applications Outlines the major challenges for integrating 2D materials in electronic sensing devices
This book gives a fascinating picture of the state-of-the-art in silicon photonics and a perspective on what can be expected in the near future. It is composed of a selected number of reviews authored by world leaders in the field and is written from both academic and industrial viewpoints. An in-depth discussion of the route towards fully integrated silicon photonics is presented. This book will be useful not only to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers but also to graduate students who are interested in the fields of microphotonics and optoelectronics.
This book is dedicated to the new two-dimensional one-atomic-layer-thick materials such as graphene, metallic chalcogenides, silicene and other 2D materials. The book describes their main physical properties and applications in nanoelctronics, photonics, sensing and computing. A large part of the book deals with graphene and its amazing physical properties. Another important part of the book deals with semiconductor monolayers such as MoS2 with impressive applications in photonics, and electronics. Silicene and germanene are the atom-thick counterparts of silicon and germanium with impressive applications in electronics and photonics which are still unexplored. Consideration of two-dimensional electron gas devices conclude the treatment. The physics of 2DEG is explained in detail and the applications in THz and IR region are discussed. Both authors are working currently on these 2D materials developing theory and applications.
This up-to-date reference is the most comprehensive summary of the field of nanoscience and its applications. It begins with fundamental properties at the nanoscale and then goes well beyond into the practical aspects of the design, synthesis, and use of nanomaterials in various industries. It emphasizes the vast strides made in the field over the past decade – the chapters focus on new, promising directions as well as emerging theoretical and experimental methods. The contents incorporate experimental data and graphs where appropriate, as well as supporting tables and figures with a tutorial approach.
Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about many advanced applications of graphene (electrical, optical, environmental, cells, capacitors, etc).
This book discusses the functional ink systems of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) layered materials in the context of their formulation and potential for various applications, including in electronics, optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and composites using conventional graphics and 3D printing technologies. The authors explore the economic landscape of 2D materials and introduce readers to fundamental properties and production technologies. They also discuss major graphics printing technologies and conventional commercial printing processes that can be used for printing 2D material inks, as well as their specific strengths and weaknesses as manufacturing platforms. Special attention is also paid to scalable production methods for ink formulation, making this an ideal book for students and researchers in academia or industry, who work with functional graphene and other 2D material ink systems and their applications. Explains the state-of-the-art 2D material production technologies that can be manufactured at the industrial scale for functional ink formulation; Provides starting formulation examples of 2D material, functional inks for specific printing methods and their characterization techniques; Reviews existing demonstrations of applications related to printed 2D materials and provides possible future development directions while highlighting current knowledge gaps; Gives a snapshot and forecast of the commercial market for printed GRMs based on the current state of technologies and existing patents.
This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of the theory and practice of photonic devices for networks-on-chip. It outlines the issues in designing photonic network-on-chip architectures for future many-core high performance chip multiprocessors. The discussion is built from the bottom up: starting with the design and implementation of key photonic devices and building blocks, reviewing networking and network-on-chip theory and existing research, and finishing with describing various architectures, their characteristics, and the impact they will have on a computing system. After acquainting the reader with all the issues in the design space, the discussion concludes with design automation techniques, supplemented by provided software.
|Author||: Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan|
|Publisher||: Woodhead Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2019-06-15|
|ISBN 10||: 0081025785|
|Pages||: 512 pages|
Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials
There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.
An accessible yet rigorous introduction to nanophotonics, covering basic principles, technology, and applications in lighting, lasers, and photovoltaics. Providing a wealth of information on materials and devices, and over 150 color figures, it is the 'go-to' guide for students in electrical engineering taking courses in nanophotonics.
This book is meant as an introduction to graphene plasmonics and aims at the advanced undergraduate and graduate students entering the field of plasmonics in graphene. In it different theoretical methods are introduced, starting with an elementary description of graphene plasmonics and evolving towards more advanced topics. This book is essentially self-contained and brings together a number of different topics about the field that are scattered in the vast literature. The text is composed of eleven chapters and of a set of detailed appendices. It can be read in two different ways: Reading only the chapters to get acquainted with the field of plasmonics in graphene or reading the chapters and studying the appendices to get a working knowledge of the topic. The study of the material in this book will bring the students to the forefront of the research in this field. Errata(s) Errata (159 KB) Contents: IntroductionElectromagnetic Properties of Solids in a NutshellSurface Plasmon–Polaritons at Dielectric–Metal InterfacesGraphene Surface PlasmonsExcitation of Graphene Surface PlasmonsLaunching Plasmons Using a Metallic AntennaPlasmonics in Periodic Arrays of Graphene RibbonsPlasmons in Graphene Nanostructures and in One-dimensional ChannelsExcitation of Surface Plasmon–Polaritons Using Dielectric GratingsExcitation of Plasmons by an Emitting DipoleConcluding Remarks Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students entering the field of graphene plasmonics.